British Journal of Education (BJE)

EA Journals

Strategies.

Strategies for Effective Utilization of Hybrid Approaches for Improve Instruction in Office Technology and Management (OTM) In Public Tertiary Institutions in South East, Nigeria (Published)

This study was carried out to investigate strategies for effective utilization of hybrid instructional approaches in Office Technology and Management (OTM) in public tertiary institutions in South East, Nigeria. The study answered two (2) research questions which were raised based on two (2) variables. Two null hypotheses were tested at 0.05level of significance. The study adopted descriptive survey research design and the study area was South East geo-political zone of Nigeria. The population of the study consisted of two hundred and sixty-eight (268) business educators employed under Business Education Department of public tertiary institutions in South-East Geopolitical zone, Nigeria. The instrument for data collection was a structured questionnaire titled “Strategies for effective utilization of hybrid instructional approaches in office technology and management questionnaire (SEUHIAOTMQ)” with 18 items. The instrument was validated by three experts, two in business education and one in science education. Reliability of the instrument was determined through pilot test using Cronbach Alpha Reliability Statistical Tool. The analysis yielded a reliability coefficient of 0.85. Mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions while independent t-test was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The result of the analysis revealed that utilization of flipped model and rotational teaching strategies can enhance effective teaching of Office Technology and Management (OTM) in public tertiary institutions. The study also revealed that gender and years of experiences did not affect the opinion of business educators’ opinion on strategies for effective utilization of hybrid or blended instructional approaches in Office Technology and Management (OTM) in public tertiary institutions in South East, Nigeria. The implication of the findings was that that every business educator should attend regular in-service education so as to keep abreast of current and future innovations in teaching. Based on the findings, it was recommended, among others, that management of public tertiary institutions in South East, Nigeria should from time to time train business educators on emerging technologies which can be adopted for hybrid instructional approaches in public tertiary institutions.

Keywords: Effective, Hybrid, Management, Strategies., Utilization, instructional approaches office technology

Security Threat Eventuality: Strategies School Administrators Are Planning to Adopt in Delta State, Nigeria (Published)

This study investigated security threat eventuality: strategies school administrators are planning to adopt in Delta state, Nigeria. This inquiry was based on two research questions and two hypotheses, using the descriptive survey. The population consisted of 476 school administrators in Delta State, of whom 190 were selected through stratified sampling. A Security Threat Questionnaire (STQ) was used to gather information. Data obtained were coded and analysed using mean and standard deviation and a t-test to test formulated hypotheses at a .05 significance level. Findings revealed that security threats school administrators in Delta State are prone to include stealing among students, fighting, kidnapping of teachers and students, and destruction of school property by students, among others. Also, strategies school administrators are planning to adopt in the event of a security threat include contacting security operatives, encouraging students to report any security threat, and informing teachers and students to be more vigilant during school hours, among others. It was thus recommended amid others that school administrators should contact security operatives like the Nigerian Police Force, community police, or those who volunteered to keep the community and schools safe from any security threat.

Keywords: Delta State, Strategies., school administrators, security threat eventuality

Strategies Used by Student Counsellors and Their Effectiveness in Promoting Student’s Self-Efficacy in Public Secondary Schools in Moshi District – Tanzania (Published)

This study examined the strategies used by student counsellors in promoting students’ self- efficacy among secondary schools. Guided by Self-Efficacy Theory, the study adopted convergent parallel design under a mixed research approach for data collection and analysis. The study adopted probability and non-probability sampling techniques to obtain 5 Head Teachers, 5 Student Counsellors and 127 students. Cronbach Alpha was adopted to test the reliability of the research instrument at (r) = 0.73 for the quantitative data aided by SPSS version 22; while qualitative reliability was ensured through detailed field notes, recording devices and by transcription. The quantitative data were analysed descriptively (frequencies, percentages and means) and inferential statistics using Chi-Square Statistical test and presented in form of tables. The qualitative data were coded to translate the responses into specific categories and themes for narration and direct quotations from the respondents. The study found that student counsellors used the following strategies which proved effective in enhancing students’ self-efficacy: encouraging students’self-verbalization, providing feedback on students’ efforts, encouraging teachers to provide activities that students can accomplish with a reasonable amount of effort, encouraging peer modelling, helping students to set goals, teaching students effective study skills and helping student to identify their areas of interest. Through Chi-Square test, the study found that there was a significant association between strategies used by student counsellors and the level of students’ self-efficacy. The study concluded that there was a positive relationship between strategies used by student counsellors and students’ self-efficacy which greatly influenced students’ academic achievements. Therefore, the study recommends that the head teachers should workout through the government to have more professional counsellors deployed in schools and that students should be encouraged to attend guidance and counselling sessions.

Citation: Mwiki A., Malusu J.M., Salema V. (2022) Strategies Used by Student Counsellors and Their Effectiveness in Promoting Student’s Self-Efficacy in Public Secondary Schools in Moshi District – Tanzania, British Journal of Education, Vol.10, Issue 15, 12-26

Keywords: Public Secondary Schools, Strategies., Students’ self-efficacy, student counsellors

Effectiveness of the Preventive Strategy Used by Heads of Schools in Improving Students Discipline in Public Secondary Schools in Moshi Municipality, Tanzania (Published)

This study was conducted to investigate the effectiveness of the preventive strategy used by heads of schools in improving students discipline in public secondary schools in Moshi Municipality, Tanzania. Assertive Discipline Theory developed by Canter and Canter in 1979 guided the study. The study was guided by one research question aiming to find out the extent to which preventive strategy was effectively used to improve students’ discipline in public secondary schools in Moshi Municipality. The study employed a convergent research design under mixed method research. The target population of the study included 14 public secondary schools, 14 heads of public secondary schools, 28 discipline teachers, 12300 students and 168 class teachers in Moshi Municipality. Stratified sampling and simple random sampling techniques were used to select 5 schools, 40 class teachers and 200 students who were involved in the study while 5 heads of sampled schools and 10 discipline teachers of sampled schools were not sampled but directly included in the study to make total number of 255 respondents. Questionnaires, interview guide and document analysis guide were used to collect data from the respondents. The reliability of quantitative data was established through Cronbach Alpha; (r=0.76 for discipline teachers’ questionnaire, r=0.86 for class teachers and r=0.66 for students’ questionnaire) while the reliability for the qualitative data was established through member checking and triangulation of data.  The Quantitative data was analyzed by using questionnaires and presented by using frequencies, percentages, means and tables.  Qualitative data was analyzed in words and developing themes from the research questions and presented in narrative form and direct quotations. The study found out that school rules and regulations, good communication between teachers, parents, students, and rollcalls were effectively used in improving students’ discipline. The study recommended that heads of secondary schools to provide school rules and regulations to students every year and improve communication between students, teachers and parents and encourage teachers to use effectively attendance registers to track indiscipline students in order to improve students’ discipline.

Citation: Fatuma Ibrahim Luwumba, Eugene Lyamtane, and  Catherine Muteti  (2022) Effectiveness of the Preventive Strategy Used by Heads of Schools in Improving Students Discipline in Public Secondary Schools in Moshi Municipality, Tanzania, British Journal of Education, Vol.10, Issue 11, pp.103-120

Keywords: Discipline, Effectiveness, Preventive, Strategies.

Effectiveness of the Strategies used by School Administration in Protecting Children From Physical Abuse in Public Secondary Schools in the Kilimanjaro Region, Tanzania (Published)

This study examined the effectiveness of strategies used by school administration in protecting children from physical abuse in public secondary schools in the Kilimanjaro region, Tanzania. This was a study guided by the systems theory and approach by Bertalanffy, (1968). The theory articulates a set of specific structures, functions, capacities, and other related system components including input, process, and output. This study employed convergent mixed methods design which intended to collect both quantitative and qualitative data in one phase. Stratified, convenient, and purposeful sampling techniques were used to determine the study sample which consisted of 427 respondents. Questionnaires and an interview guide were used to collect the required information. The collected data were analyzed by descriptive statistics and inferentially using ANOVA.  Tables, charts, narrations, and schemes of code were used to present the study findings. The study findings show that the strategies can be effective if they are used well, the most effective strategies were; Guidance and Counseling, Involvement of Stakeholders, Well informed Administration, and the Use of Child Policy, Law, rule, and reregulation. Other strategies suggested were the introduction of Life skill education, home visitation, and the use of student council.  The study concluded that the strategies used by school administration in protecting children from sexual abuse are effective, however with some challenges that can be solved. The ANOVA findings conclude there are no significant differences between teachers’ mean scores on rating the effective strategies used in protecting children from physical abuse based on years of experience. The study recommends Ministry of Education, Science and Technology should ensure effective and efficient use of existing strategies while ensuring close supervision and monitoring to reduce sexual abuse. But also in-service training should be done for all District Education officers, Heads masters/mistresses, and Discipline masters/mistresses, and lastly, teacher education programs in colleges and universities should be designed to ensure child protection is given priority.

Citation: Felix Goldman, Victorini  Salema ,  Peter Siamoo (2022)  Effectiveness of The   Strategies used by School Administration in Protecting Children From Physical Abuse in Public Secondary Schools in the Kilimanjaro Region, Tanzania, British Journal of Education, Vol.10., Issue 9, pp. 78-95

 

Keywords: School Administration, School Children, Secondary School, Strategies., physical abuse

Teaching Strategies Employed By Teachers for Improving Students’ Learning in Business Education in Secondary Schools in Delta State (Published)

Citation: Onajite, G. O. (2022) Teaching Strategies Employed By Teachers for Improving Students’ Learning in Business Education in Secondary Schools in Delta State, British Journal of Education, Vol.10, Issue 3, pp., 85-100

Abstract:This study investigated teaching strategies employed by teachers for improving students’ learning in Business Education in secondary schools in Delta State. Four research questions guided the study. The descriptive survey research design was employed in the study. Population of the study consisted of all the 2,100 teachers teaching business education subjects in the 448 secondary schools in Delta State. Sample size of the study comprised 630 business education teachers from 224 secondary schools in Delta State selected using stratified random sampling technique. A 40-item researchers’ self-developed questionnaire titled “Teaching Strategies employed by Teachers for Improving Student’s Learning in Business Education Questionnaire (TSTISLBEQ)” arranged into four clusters, and structured on 4-point scale. The research instrument was validated by three experts and reliability determined through a pilot test which yielded an internal consistency reliability value of 0.74. Data collected were analyzed using the mean score and standard deviation. The findings of this study revealed among others that the teachers mostly employed the direct teaching strategies. All the other teaching strategies like the experimental, material/visual aids, interactive and the independent teaching strategies were largely not employed by the teachers in teaching business education in secondary schools in Delta State. From the findings, recommendations were made which include and among them were that principals in the secondary schools should encourage and support the teachers to employ other direct teaching strategies such as seminars, individualized instruction method, peer tutoring, team teaching and sharing students into different reading groups for improving students’ learning in business education in secondary schools in Delta State.

Keywords: Business Education, Improving, Learning, Strategies., Students, Teachers, Teaching

Community Education Strategies for the Control of Contagious Diseases in Rivers State, Nigeria (Published)

This study investigated community education strategies for the control of contagious diseases in Rivers State. The study adopted a descriptive survey design with a population size of 2,725 consisting of 25 experts in community education and 2,700 members of various Community-Based Organizations in four LGAs in Rivers State. A sample size of 370 respondents was drawn using proportionate stratified sampling technique. A questionnaire was used as the instrument for data collection. The instrument which was validated by three experts recorded a reliability coefficient of 0.86. The collected data were analysed using mean statistics and standard deviation. The analysed data revealed that the REFLECT , Each-One-Teach-One and the story telling are some of the community education strategies that could be used to create the needed awareness for attitudinal change on the control and management of contagious disease in Rivers State. Based on the findings, it was recommended among other things that The Federal and State Ministries of health should work hand in glove with the National Mass Education Commission and various state agencies of mass literacy to train health workers saddled with the responsibility of providing health education on how to adopt REFLECT and other community education strategies for awareness and knowledge creation for the control and management of contagious diseases in Nigeria.

Keywords: Community Education., Contagious, Diseases, Strategies.

Strategies for developing English verbal communication: case study of secondary school students at Gezira state – Sudan (Published)

This research   paper investigates the   efficiency of applying some strategies to improve English verbal communication in Sudanese secondary schools    besides   the strategies teachers and learners are using now. To achieve   this   goal, the researchers assign some English language teachers and third grade secondary school   students as a target population. The researchers use different questionnaires and pre and post tests as most appropriate methods for collecting the data. Then, they utilise the descriptive approach to analyse the data. Moreover, they use the SPSS programme to compute it. One of the results is that the abuse and lack of strategies of teaching and learning the target language leads to the deterioration of verbal communication. The most important researchers’ recommendation is that, Sudanese English language teachers in secondary schools should apply all recommended listening strategies and train their students to listen more effectively to native listening materials.

 

Keywords: Strategies., descriptive approach, post-tests, pre-tests, the SPSS programme., verbal communication

Impact of early reading skills and teachers perceptions in English as a foreign language using ICT: Evidence from Vietnam (Published)

This study aimed to identify the early reading skills in English as a foreign language via information and communication technology in Vietnam as well as early childhood student teachers perception. Currently, information and communication technology and part of the teacher’s perception in the classroom practices performed an effective role in the learning aptitude of students and enhanced their reading skills in English as a foreign language. The nature of the study was cross-sectional and data were collected from 100 students and teachers from Hanoi National University of Education. The output of the study revealed that more students were agreed and had a positive perception towards the uses of information and communication technology in teaching reading in English as a foreign language. The results also indicated that teachers used the best skills and strategies to enhance children’s vocabulary in the classrooms. Lastly, findings indicated that students faced a lack of resources and technical support as significant barriers. Implications for early childhood pre-service teacher training and educational policy are discussed.

Keywords: Barriers, Early Childhood Education, Reading, Strategies., Students, Teachers’ Perception, Vietnam, and skills

The Preferred Crisis Management Strategies among Lecturers in Tertiary Institutions in Cross River State, Nigeria and the Need for Guidance and Counselling Intervention (Published)

The aim of this study was to investigate the preferred crises management strategies among lecturers in tertiary institutions in Cross River State, Nigeria. The population of the study was one thousand two hundred and forty-two (1,242) lecturers. The total sample used for the study was five hundred respondents who were drawn through stratified random sampling from four institutions of higher learning in Cross River State. The instrument used for the data collection was the researcher’s developed Preferred Crisis Management Strategies Questionnaire (P.C.M.S.Q). It has two sections, A and B. Section A contained the personal data while B contained four point Likert scale type, made up of sixteen (16) items. The data collected from the samples were subjected to statistical analysis using the population and independent t-test. To accomplish the study objective, two hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. The following findings emerged; the preference for force crisis management strategy by lecturers was significantly low in tertiary institutions in Cross River State. Sex does not influence lecturers’ preference for dialogue as a crisis management strategy. Based on these findings, the following recommendations were made. The government should adequately fund education, and the schools should devise local sources of generating funds while well-meaning individuals and companies should assist, dialogue should be adopted as evidenced in the study.

Keywords: Lecturer, Management, Preferred, Strategies., Tertiary Institutions, crises

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