Effectiveness of the Preventive Strategy Used by Heads of Schools in Improving Students Discipline in Public Secondary Schools in Moshi Municipality, Tanzania (Published)
This study was conducted to investigate the effectiveness of the preventive strategy used by heads of schools in improving students discipline in public secondary schools in Moshi Municipality, Tanzania. Assertive Discipline Theory developed by Canter and Canter in 1979 guided the study. The study was guided by one research question aiming to find out the extent to which preventive strategy was effectively used to improve students’ discipline in public secondary schools in Moshi Municipality. The study employed a convergent research design under mixed method research. The target population of the study included 14 public secondary schools, 14 heads of public secondary schools, 28 discipline teachers, 12300 students and 168 class teachers in Moshi Municipality. Stratified sampling and simple random sampling techniques were used to select 5 schools, 40 class teachers and 200 students who were involved in the study while 5 heads of sampled schools and 10 discipline teachers of sampled schools were not sampled but directly included in the study to make total number of 255 respondents. Questionnaires, interview guide and document analysis guide were used to collect data from the respondents. The reliability of quantitative data was established through Cronbach Alpha; (r=0.76 for discipline teachers’ questionnaire, r=0.86 for class teachers and r=0.66 for students’ questionnaire) while the reliability for the qualitative data was established through member checking and triangulation of data. The Quantitative data was analyzed by using questionnaires and presented by using frequencies, percentages, means and tables. Qualitative data was analyzed in words and developing themes from the research questions and presented in narrative form and direct quotations. The study found out that school rules and regulations, good communication between teachers, parents, students, and rollcalls were effectively used in improving students’ discipline. The study recommended that heads of secondary schools to provide school rules and regulations to students every year and improve communication between students, teachers and parents and encourage teachers to use effectively attendance registers to track indiscipline students in order to improve students’ discipline.
Citation: Fatuma Ibrahim Luwumba, Eugene Lyamtane, and Catherine Muteti (2022) Effectiveness of the Preventive Strategy Used by Heads of Schools in Improving Students Discipline in Public Secondary Schools in Moshi Municipality, Tanzania, British Journal of Education, Vol.10, Issue 11, pp.103-120
TRANSPORT COST AND THE USE OF FAMILY PLANNING AS A PREVENTIVE AND PROMOTION HEALTH CARE STRATEGIES IN RURAL AKWA IBOM STATE OF NIGERIA (Published)
The study was designed to ascertain the effects of transport cost on the use and continuous use of family planning services in rural Akwa Ibom State. To achieve the purpose, two hypotheses were formulated. Data were collected from a representative sample size of 952 respondents who were women aged 15-49 years. Simple percentages were used in data analysis while Chi-square (X2) and Phi-Coefficient (ɸ) were used in testing the research hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The results show that there were significant relationships between transport cost and use and continuous use of family planning services in the study area. The implications of the findings were discussed and strategies for combating the effects of transport cost on utilization of family planning services in rural Nigeria in general and the study area in particular were suggested.