Strategies for Effective Utilization of Hybrid Approaches for Improve Instruction in Office Technology and Management (OTM) In Public Tertiary Institutions in South East, Nigeria (Published)
This study was carried out to investigate strategies for effective utilization of hybrid instructional approaches in Office Technology and Management (OTM) in public tertiary institutions in South East, Nigeria. The study answered two (2) research questions which were raised based on two (2) variables. Two null hypotheses were tested at 0.05level of significance. The study adopted descriptive survey research design and the study area was South East geo-political zone of Nigeria. The population of the study consisted of two hundred and sixty-eight (268) business educators employed under Business Education Department of public tertiary institutions in South-East Geopolitical zone, Nigeria. The instrument for data collection was a structured questionnaire titled “Strategies for effective utilization of hybrid instructional approaches in office technology and management questionnaire (SEUHIAOTMQ)” with 18 items. The instrument was validated by three experts, two in business education and one in science education. Reliability of the instrument was determined through pilot test using Cronbach Alpha Reliability Statistical Tool. The analysis yielded a reliability coefficient of 0.85. Mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions while independent t-test was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The result of the analysis revealed that utilization of flipped model and rotational teaching strategies can enhance effective teaching of Office Technology and Management (OTM) in public tertiary institutions. The study also revealed that gender and years of experiences did not affect the opinion of business educators’ opinion on strategies for effective utilization of hybrid or blended instructional approaches in Office Technology and Management (OTM) in public tertiary institutions in South East, Nigeria. The implication of the findings was that that every business educator should attend regular in-service education so as to keep abreast of current and future innovations in teaching. Based on the findings, it was recommended, among others, that management of public tertiary institutions in South East, Nigeria should from time to time train business educators on emerging technologies which can be adopted for hybrid instructional approaches in public tertiary institutions.
Assessment of Availability and Utilization of Information Technology in The Teaching of Biology in Ekiti State Secondary Schools, Nigeria (Published)
The study investigated availability and utilization of information technology in the teaching of Biology in Ekiti State secondary schools. The descriptive research design of the survey type was adopted in the study. The population of this study consisted of all the secondary schools in Ekiti State. The sample for this study consisted of 100 Biology teachers which were selected from 50 secondary schools in Ekiti State. The sample was selected using simple random and stratified random sampling techniques. Information and Technology Equipment Checklist was used for data collection. The face and content validity of each instrument was done by experts in Test and Measurement. The data collected for this study were analyzed using descriptive statistics. The findings of the study revealed that the level of availability, level of adequacy and extent of utilization of information technology facilities in teaching Biology in Ekiti State secondary schools were low. It was recommended among others that the government should provide information technology facilities in secondary schools and inspectorate department should ensure that schools with information technology facilities should put it into use in teaching and learning of school subjects especially Biology.
The Degree of Using Instructional Technology in Teaching and Learning Mathematics in Delta State, Nigeria (Published)
This work aimed to study the accessibility and use of educational technology for teaching mathematics in senior secondary schools in Delta State. Descriptive survey design was used in the work. 60 mathematics teachers in 30 secondary schools were the sample of the work; simple random technique was used to select them from the overall population of 75 secondary schools in Delta State. Two teachers’ questionnaire titled use and preventing factors mathematics questionnaire (r =0.77) were utilized to collect data. Simple percentage, mean and standard deviation were used to analyze the data. The findings showed that there were laboratory equipment and audio educational technology but were not fully used; there were no audio visual technologies and were not used to teach mathematics. Also, lack of money, poor application law, demotivation etc prevented the delivery and use of educational materials for mathematics teaching. The study gave the recommendation that Mathematics teachers should use the educational technology that is available and government should provide enough money to procure educational technology.
Citation: Oliweh I.S., James, G.D. & Enebeli L. (2022) The Degree of Using Instructional Technology in Teaching and Learning Mathematics in Delta State, Nigeria, British Journal of Education, Vol.10, Issue 15, 27-36
An Assessment of Science Teachers’ Utilization of the Knowledge of Test Construction Procedure in Multiple Choice Objective Tests in Secondary Schools in Yala LGA, Cross River State (Published)
The aim of this study was to assess the extent of utilization of the knowledge of test construction procedure in setting Multiple Choice Objective Tests by science teachers in secondary schools in Yala Local Government Area of Cross River State. To achieve this, the descriptive survey research design was used in which a purposeful sample of 87 Chemistry teachers was selected from amongst the 213 science teachers in the area. The instrument used for the study was a well validated and fixed response questionnaire designed by the researchers tagged Test Construction and Utilization Procedure Questionnaire (TCUPQ) having a total of forty items designed on a four point interval scale with a Cronbach alpha co-efficient of 0.82. Data obtained from the subjects were analysed using the means and standard deviations. The results showed that science teachers studied utilize their knowledge of test construction procedures effectively in setting objective tests; however, they do not subject the students to pre-test before the main test is carried out. It was recommended amongst others that science teachers be sponsored to attend assessment practice workshops and also be encouraged to give pre-tests before the main test in schools.
Assessment of the Utilization of Modern Technology in the Management of Tertiary Institutions in Bayelsa State (Education Lecturers Perspective) (Published)
The study examined the extent to which modern technology is utilized in managing tertiary institutions in Bayelsa State. The study adopted a descriptive survey design. Three research questions were raised to guide the study. The population of the study was all lecturers of the Faculty of Education in tertiary institutions in Bayelsa State. A sample of 30 lecturers drawn from the 6 departments in the faculty was used for the study. The instrument for data collection was a structured questionnaire styled as utilization of Modern Technologies Questionnaire developed by the researcher and validated by experts. The reliability analysis was done using Pearson Product Moment Correlation, which yielded a value of 0.72. The research questions were answered using mean and standard deviation. The findings revealed that the extent of utilization of modern technologies in the management of tertiary institutions was low. It was recommended that adequate and regular funding should be provided for tertiary institutions to utilize modern technologies for effective service delivery.
Utilization of Mobile Applications to Enhance Teaching of Mathematics and Science in Basic Schools in the Cape Coast Metropolis (Published)
Primarily, the study focused on finding out the type(s) of educational mobile apps often used by basic school teachers in the teaching of mathematics and science, how educational mobile apps can be utilized to enhance the teaching of mathematics and science and the challenges teachers face when using educational mobile applications in the teaching of mathematics and science in the basic schools. The study was conducted in the Cape Coast Metropolis in the Central Region of Ghana and a descriptive survey design was utilized in orderto explore the phenomenon in question. A total of 70 basic school mathematics and science teachers were sampled, using simple random sampling techniques. The study employed the use of questionnaires as the main means of data collection. The descriptive analytical techniques (frequencies and percentages) were applied to analyse the data collected. Findings revealed that educational games were often used by teachers in the teaching of mathematics and science. Also, it was revealed that majority of teachers used these educational mobile applications in lesson notes preparation and poor internet connectivity was a challenge to teachers in the utilization of these mobile applications in the teaching of mathematics and science. Conclusions, implications and recommendations were further discussed in the work.
Availability and Utilization of Internet Facilities among Undergraduate Students of Colleges of Education Nigeria (Published)
The National Policy of Nigeria (2014), recognizes the important role of ICT (internet) in the modern world hence the launching of ICT driven project known as Schoolnet. The study examined availability and utilization of internet facilities among undergraduate students of the Colleges of Education, Ikere Ekiti as a case study. Descriptive design research of the survey type was used to collect data. Five research questions were raised while four hypotheses were postulated for the study. The population consisted of all the undergraduate students of College of Education, Ikere –Ekiti and the sample was made up of 180 male and female students selected through simple random sampling techniques. The instrument for the study was a questionnaire tagged availability and utilization of internet facilities among undergraduate students of colleges of education (AUIFAUS). The study revealed that the facilities were not adequately available hence the low utilization. Poor electric power supply was the major hindrance. The findings also showed that internet usage was not gender sensitive but students from high social economic background used internet more frequently than those from poor economic background. It was therefore recommended that both the government and the college authority should ensure that internet facilities and regular power supply are made available for students’ use.
Utilization of Biology Laboratory Equipment and Students’ Academic Performance in Cross River State, Nigeria (Published)
The paper focused on Utilization of biology laboratory equipment and students’ academic performance in senior secondary schools in Cross River State, Nigeria. One null hypothesis was formulated. Literature was reviewed accordingly. Ex-post facto research design was adopted and a sample of four hundred and ninety (490) biology students was used for the study. Checklist on utilization of biology laboratory equipment and Bio achievement Test were the instruments used for data collection. To test the hypothesis, one way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) was employed. The hypothesis was subjected to testing at 0.05 level of significance. The result of the analysis revealed that utilization of Biology laboratory equipment significantly influenced students’ academic performance in Biology. Based on the finding of the study, it was recommended among others that Supervisors and inspectors from the Ministry of Education should strictly monitor the frequency of use of laboratory equipment by both teachers and students. This will ensure a hitch free utilization of the available science laboratory equipment in teaching and learning of Biology and such process will encourage students to do science of biology instead of learning about it.
Medical Textiles in Government Hospitals (Published)
This study assessed the medical textiles in hospitals in Abakaliki Urban, Ebonyi State, Nigeria. The study ascertained the availability and the utilization of medical textiles in government hospitals in the area of study. Two research questions guided the study. The study adopted descriptive survey research design. The population of the study was 800 staff of the two government hospitals in area of study. Stratified sampling technique was used to arrive at 160 respondents used for the study. Questionnaire was used for data collection and data collected was analyzed using frequency and mean. Finding include that medical textiles are not enough in the government hospitals and medical textiles are not also effectively utilized in the area of study. It was recommended that medical personnel in the area of study should insist on provision of proper and enough medical textiles before working and that the government should provide antimicrobial protection for the workers in the hospitals.
TRANSPORT COST AND THE USE OF FAMILY PLANNING AS A PREVENTIVE AND PROMOTION HEALTH CARE STRATEGIES IN RURAL AKWA IBOM STATE OF NIGERIA (Published)
The study was designed to ascertain the effects of transport cost on the use and continuous use of family planning services in rural Akwa Ibom State. To achieve the purpose, two hypotheses were formulated. Data were collected from a representative sample size of 952 respondents who were women aged 15-49 years. Simple percentages were used in data analysis while Chi-square (X2) and Phi-Coefficient (ɸ) were used in testing the research hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The results show that there were significant relationships between transport cost and use and continuous use of family planning services in the study area. The implications of the findings were discussed and strategies for combating the effects of transport cost on utilization of family planning services in rural Nigeria in general and the study area in particular were suggested.