British Journal of Education (BJE)

EA Journals


Advancement of Smart Academic Libraries in Northern Nigeria: Issues and Way Forward (Published)

The 21st century is known as the beginning of the knowledge age; a millennium characterized by leveraging on information to stay ahead using technology. The library occupies a critical place in the quality of information accessed and leveraged on by researchers and students. Academic libraries in Nigeria are not disconnected from this technology-based-information revolution. This study looked at advancement of smart academic libraries in Northern Nigeria: issues and way forward. Its objectives was to determine smart services available, investigate the extent of deployment, examine the underlying issues that hinder effective smart service delivery and proffer strategies for way forward in Northern university public academic libraries in Nigeria. The study adopted a review of documents and literature on smart academic libraries in Nigeria. Five public universities were purposively observed and sampled on their smart library perspective and capacity. Google-Forms-structured questionnaire was used through different online platforms. Simple percentage and frequencies were used in analyzing data collected. Findings showed that there are existing smart library services in the academic libraries of Northern Nigerian public universities but the extent of deployment of smart library services in their academic libraries is low. The research also revealed the numerous issues faced in providing smart services. The study recommended that the institution and library managements of academic libraries in Northern Nigerian public universities step up on ICT policy framework, practical deployment of smart library technologies and training of library staff for improved smart services

Keywords: Academic Libraries, Artificial Intelligence, Nigeria, Northern Nigeria, Smart Library, Technology

3D-Animated Cartoon Instructional Package and Effective Teaching of Selected Topics in Financial Accounting in Pubic Secondary Schools, South-South, Nigeria (Published)

This study was carried out to determine the difference in students’ academic performance in financial accounting when taught using 3D-cartoon animation package and a conventional approach. The selected topics for the study include transaction analysis, accounting equation, cash book and ledger. The research design the researchers adopted for this study was quasi quasi-experimental method and the area of the study was South-South, Nigeria. The population of the study consisted of 242,052. The sample size was 192 and a purposive sampling technique was used for the study. The Financial Accounting Achievement Test (FAAT) was used to collect data for the study. The internal consistency index of .92 was obtained using test-retest. The data were analyzed using mean and standard deviation to answer research questions and ANCOVA to test the null hypotheses at .05 level of significance. Among other recommendations made was that the government should encourage schools to embrace the latest teaching strategies by way of providing the 3D instructional package for use in schools.

Keywords: 3d-animated cartoon, Financial Accounting., Nigeria, South-South, Teaching, instructional package, pubic secondary schools

Exploration of Universal Basic Education Policy and its impact on Overall Education Quality of Schools in Nigeria (Published)

Universal Basic Education (UBE) programme was developed internally, although it is heavily influenced by global trends and developments in education. It is anticipated that its implementation will provide all Nigerians who are willing to learn with a top-notch basic education, as required by various international accords.  Nevertheless, Nigeria is confronted with problems such a lack of resources, a lack of public awareness, an inadequate implementation of the new UBE curriculum, and low teacher motivation. These barriers continue to limit how effective the UBE policy may be. This study provided an important contribution to explore Universal Basic Education Policy and its impact on overall education quality of schools in Nigeria. More so, certain recommendations were made amongst others that cooperation between the School administration, Local Government, and parents is required to stop children from working and begging during school hours to reduce absenteeism.



Keywords: Exploration, Nigeria, Policy, Universal Basic Education, education quality, schools

Exploring Challenges and Strategies in Advocating for Comprehensive Sexuality Education in Nigeria (Published)

This research aims to investigate the current state of sexuality education in Nigeria, identify the challenges faced in advocating for comprehensive sexuality education, and propose effective strategies to promote its implementation for improved sexual health outcomes among Nigerian youth. Sexuality education remains a critical yet often neglected aspect of youth development and public health in Nigeria. The country’s socio-cultural context, conservative values, and religious beliefs have created barriers to the implementation of comprehensive sexuality education programmes. This paper seeks to address the gap in knowledge by examining the specific challenges that hinder the advancement of comprehensive sexuality education and by proposing evidence-based advocacy strategies to overcome these barriers. The study employs a mixed-methods approach, combining qualitative and quantitative research methods to provide a comprehensive understanding of the subject matter. Qualitative methods such as interviews, focus group discussions, and content analysis of relevant documents are used to explore the challenges and perceptions surrounding sexuality education in Nigeria. Additionally, quantitative surveys are administered to gather data on public attitudes towards sexuality education, perceived benefits, and barriers to implementation. The paper contributes to the ongoing dialogue on sexuality education in Nigeria by providing a nuanced understanding of the challenges and opportunities for advocacy. The proposed strategies will offer evidence-based solutions for promoting comprehensive sexuality education that is sensitive to Nigeria’s cultural context. Ultimately, the research aims to inform policymakers, educators, and advocacy organizations about effective ways to advance comprehensive sexuality education for the holistic development and improved sexual health outcomes of Nigerian youth.

Keywords: Nigeria, Strategies., comprehensive sexuality education, exploring challenges

Research Report Writing Skill, Communication Skill and Lecturers’ Job Effectiveness in Universities in Cross River State, Nigeria (Published)

This study sought to examine research report writing skill, communication skill and lecturers’ Job effectiveness in University of Calabar of Cross River State, Nigeria.  Literature review was carried out according. The survey research design was used for the study.  Two null hypotheses formulated to direct the investigation. The population of the study was 1856, from the University of Calabar (UNICAL).  The instrument for data collection was constructed by the researchers using a four likert scale questionnaire titled; Research Report Writing Skill, Communication Skill and Lecturers’ Job Effectiveness Questionnaire (RRWSCSLJEQ). The face and content validity was checked by experts in Measurement and Evaluation who vetted the items developed.  The reliability of the instrument was carried out using the Cronbach Alpha method and the co-efficient ranged from .70 to .82.  The stratified sample technique was used to sample 420 lecturers, for the study.  Statistical tool employed for data analysis was the simple linear regression at 0.05 level of significance, with 341 degree of freedom.  The result of the analysis revealed that research report writing skill, communication skill significantly relates with lecturers’ Job effectiveness. It was recommended that Government should established computer skills acquisition centres in universities to increase computer literacy and that trained and qualified ICT personnel should be employed as instructors for better skills acquisition.

Keywords: Communication skill, Cross River State, Nigeria, Universities, lecturers’ job, research report, writing skill

Pedagogy for Overcoming the Challenges of Marital Instability in Nigeria (Published)

Marriage is a universal practice but what obtains in one culture and state maybe different from what obtains in another. However, one common denominator that is present in the marriage institution irrespective of culture and state of origin is change. Change in marriage has tremendously altered basic and fundamental values and objectives of marriage so much that love, happiness, fulfilments and accomplishments that are inherent in marriage have become hypothetical assumptions following the fact that married couples presently live as intimate enemies (Dildar, Sitwat and Yasin, 2013) – a development where marital instability is fast becoming a norm. Using the philosophical methodology, this paper takes a position that the marriage institution needs to be protected and upon this the paper makes a case by proffering pedagogical strategies for overcoming the challenges of marital instability in Nigeria. Among other things, the paper suggests and recommends that marriage and its survival should take centre stage in educational provisions in Nigeria, that measures should be put in place for the promotion of marriage so much that evidence of marriage should be the basic entry point for access to social goods provided by the state, including the state adopting marriage as a social justice mechanism and supporting those who identify with it. The paper also suggests that decline in marriage and marital instability should be a cause for concern to any state that is desirous of development.

Keywords: Marital instability, Marriage, Nigeria, Pedagogy

Implementation of Educational Policy for Socio – Economic and Political Emancipation in Nigeria (Published)

The study examined the influence of the implementation of Nigerian Educational Policy on socio – economic and political emancipation in Nigeria. It specifically examined how the implementation of the policy could socially, economically and politically assist in the emancipation of people i.e. the Nigerian citizens. The study revealed that educational policies in Nigeria are capable of making an average Nigerian, self – reliant economically and socially. It further revealed that proper implementation of the policy could improve the political awareness and participation of the citizens. It was concluded that Nigerian educational policy paved way for socio-economic and political emancipation; however, effective and proper implementation brings development to Nigeria. Educational policies in Nigeria should be tailored to suit the social, economic and political aspirations of Nigerians. The problems militating against effective implementation of educational policies were highlighted. Based on the conclusions of the study, it was recommended that the challenges facing the effective implementation   of educational policies should be addressed by government and all stakeholders. Since teachers are the implementers of educational policies, qualified teachers should be employed, trained and retrained on how to implement national educational policy in such a way that socio – economic and political emancipation would be achieved. Policy makers and educational experts need  to work together to design national policies that would give way to economically self – reliant citizens, they need to work as partners in progress with teachers to ensure that the policy is implemented accordingly, also the cultural backgrounds of all ethnic groups in Nigeria should be taken into consideration whenever educational policies are reviewed.

Citation: Adesua, V. O.  (2022) Implementation of Educational Policy for Socio – Economic and Political Emancipation in Nigeria, British Journal of Education, Vol.10, Issue 10, pp.51-59

Keywords: Educational Policies, Implementation, Nigeria, Socio-Economic, political emancipation

Managing University Education for Employability in Nigeria: The Way Forward (Published)

The study investigates the concerning issue of unemployment among Nigerian graduates in recent years. Youth unemployment has come from the University’s incapacity to meet the needs of these graduates, as well as the promotion of economic, self-reliance, and self-sufficiency. In Nigeria, this has led in a rise in youth unrest. In addition, the purpose of this study is to investigate employability, with a focus on the relationship between education and employability, in order to evaluate whether employability can be improved through university education. The article goes on to highlight some employability skills and propose ways for universities to re-engineer themselves in order to obtain these capabilities for the benefit of our students and society as a whole.

Citation: Ossai  A.G. and Okokoyo, I. E (2022)  Managing University Education for Employability in Nigeria: The Way Forward, British Journal of Education, Vol.10., Issue 6, pp. 37-45

Keywords: Employability, Nigeria, University, graduates

Status of Entrepreneurship Development Programme, in Polytechnics in South-East Nigeria (Published)

This study was carried out to find out the status of entrepreneurship development programme in polytechnics in South-East Nigeria. The study adopted descriptive survey design. The study was conducted in all the polytechnics in South-East Nigeria. The population of this study comprised all the 390 entrepreneurship lecturers in polytechnics in South-East Nigeria. As a result of the manageable size, the entire population was used. Thus, there was no sampling of respondents. Data were collected for the study through the administration of validated questionnaire on the respondents. The reliability of the instrument was established using Cronbach alpha (α) reliability statistic. The overall reliability coefficient obtained was 0.84. Three research questions were formulated to guide the study and one null hypothesis was tested at 0.05 level of significance. In analyzing the data collected for the study, mean and standard deviation were used to answer research questions 1-2 while percentage was used to answer research question 3. T-test inferential statistic was used to test the hypothesis at 0.05 level of significance. The findings of the study revealed that the status of curriculum contents was adequate, all teaching methods indicated were applicable. The study further revealed that well equipped training workshop, quality entrepreneurship textbooks, materials for group projects, internet connection, and materials for practical activities were not available for implementing entrepreneurship development programme of polytechnics in South-East Nigeria.  The major implication of the findings of the study lies more on the non-availability of most of the physical facilities for implementing entrepreneurship development programme. Therefore, as the students are learning without adequate relevant physical facilities, the graduates after passing through the entrepreneurship development programme may not have the necessary skills and competencies that emanate from such facilities to set up and run their own business enterprises. It was recommended, among others that government should provide institutions with adequate physical facilities for quality entrepreneurship development programme in Polytechnics in the South-east and that Polytechnic authorities should ensure that entrepreneurship educators comply with using the curriculum designed in order to ensure that the objectives of the programme are achieved.

Citation: Basil O. Nwosu  and Charles A. Ejeka (2022) Status of Entrepreneurship Development Programme, in Polytechnics in South-East Nigeria British Journal of Education, Vol.10, Issue 1, pp. 35-48,


Keywords: Development, Entrepreneurship, Nigeria, Polytechnics, Programme, South-East, Status

National Human Rights Commission, Citizenship Education and the Prospects of Citizens’ Rights Protection for Peace and Stability in Nigeria (Published)

Human rights are critical to sustainable livelihoods. This is why most states established human rights institutions to prevent the violations of rights by individuals and states. This paper explores the relevance and oversight functions of the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) in addressing Nigeria’s poor human rights protection complexities. The paper establishes the linkages between citizenship education and necessity for human rights protection with emphasis on the legal framework of the NHRC, the mechanisms for rights protection by the commission and the performance of the NHRC so far. The paper concludes that having people well informed about their duties as citizens of Nigeria, and the effectiveness of human rights monitoring would sustain the capacity of the state to reduce human rights abuses in the post-COVID-19 era, when individuals and governments are struggling to address development and economic challenges.


Keywords: Citizenship Education, Human Rights, NHRC, Nigeria

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