British Journal of Education (BJE)

EA Journals

Cross River State

Research Report Writing Skill, Communication Skill and Lecturers’ Job Effectiveness in Universities in Cross River State, Nigeria (Published)

This study sought to examine research report writing skill, communication skill and lecturers’ Job effectiveness in University of Calabar of Cross River State, Nigeria.  Literature review was carried out according. The survey research design was used for the study.  Two null hypotheses formulated to direct the investigation. The population of the study was 1856, from the University of Calabar (UNICAL).  The instrument for data collection was constructed by the researchers using a four likert scale questionnaire titled; Research Report Writing Skill, Communication Skill and Lecturers’ Job Effectiveness Questionnaire (RRWSCSLJEQ). The face and content validity was checked by experts in Measurement and Evaluation who vetted the items developed.  The reliability of the instrument was carried out using the Cronbach Alpha method and the co-efficient ranged from .70 to .82.  The stratified sample technique was used to sample 420 lecturers, for the study.  Statistical tool employed for data analysis was the simple linear regression at 0.05 level of significance, with 341 degree of freedom.  The result of the analysis revealed that research report writing skill, communication skill significantly relates with lecturers’ Job effectiveness. It was recommended that Government should established computer skills acquisition centres in universities to increase computer literacy and that trained and qualified ICT personnel should be employed as instructors for better skills acquisition.

Keywords: Communication skill, Cross River State, Nigeria, Universities, lecturers’ job, research report, writing skill


The study was carried out to investigate the extent to which communal participation correlates influence the implementation of social welfare projects in Odukpani and Biase Local Government Areas of Cross River State. Two hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. Two hundred and fifty (250) respondents were randomly selected from ten (10) council wards in Odukpani and Biase Local Government Areas of Cross River State, using stratified and simple random sampling. Communal participation in the implementation of social welfare projects questionnaire (CPISWPQ) was used for data collection. The data was analyzed using population t-test analysis for single mean and one way analysis of variance (ANOVA). The research findings revealed that the level of indigenes’ participation in the implementation of social welfare projects in Odukpani and Biase is significantly high. Perceived leadership style of leaders do not significantly influence communal participation in social welfare projects. It was recommended among other things that government should in partnership with rural communities initiate and implement social welfare projects to improve the living conditions of the people. Enlightenment campaigns on the need to comprehensively and sincerely implement social welfare projects be intensified in rural areas.

Keywords: Biase Local Government Areas, Communal Participation, Cross River State, Odukpani, Social Welfare


This study was conducted to establish the influence of stress arising from motivation on professional effectiveness of secondary school teachers in Cross River State. The study adopted an ex-post facto design. Stratified random sampling technique was used to select sixty (60) schools out of two hundred and thirty (230) public secondary schools, while random sampling was used to select six hundred (600) teachers. Research data were collected through the use of 2 sets of self-developed and validated questionnaire titled: Motivation Inventory (MOI) and Professional Effectiveness Questionnaire (PEQ). MOI consisted of 21 items Likert-type scale with a alternative responses (very stressful, stressful, less stressful, not stressful). PEQ was a 28 items Likert-type scale with 4 alternative responses (very effective, effective, ineffective, less effective and has submits such as lesson presentation, use of instructional aids, classroom management, evaluation of students, learning motivation, supervision of co-curricular activities and professional/personal qualities. Both instruments has reliability index of 0.81 and 0.87 significance. Result obtained showed a significant influence of stress arising from (motivation on lesson presentation, use of instructional aids, classroom management and evaluation of students, supervision of co-curricular activities). Based on the finding, it was recommended among others that teachers should learn how to manage stressful situations by use of self-talk technique which enables an individual emit self-statements that may prompt coping behaviour

Keywords: Cross River State, Motivation, Stress, Teacher, professional effectiveness

Scroll to Top

Don't miss any Call For Paper update from EA Journals

Fill up the form below and get notified everytime we call for new submissions for our journals.