Assessment of Styles of Teaching Building Structures in Architecture in Southwestern Nigerian Public Universities (Published)
There are several teaching styles in the literature that have been traditionally used in the teaching of Building structures to students of Architecture. Nevertheless, they have all been streamlined into two styles: didactic and interactive styles of teaching and upon these that the assessment of this study was based. This study assessed styles of teaching Building structure courses to Architecture students in Southwestern Nigerian public Universities, with a view to improving the performance of the students in these courses. Quantitative research approach was adopted and employed descriptive survey. The principal survey techniques used was questionnaire. Five public universities approved by the National Universities Commission and Architects Registration Council of Nigeria were purposively sampled. A total of 702 questionnaires were administered to all the pre-final and final year students in the Department of Architecture of the sampled universities, while only 541 questionnaires were adequately completed and considered fit for analysis. Cross tabulation with chi-square was used to summarize the data. The study revealed that the teachers were using both didactic and interactive teaching styles. The conclusion here was that the teachers were not using interactive teaching styles fully in teaching the courses to students which led to poor performance of students in the courses. Therefore, the study recommended that strong priority should be given to the quality of teaching by using interactive teaching style only in the teaching of Building structures.
Research Report Writing Skill, Communication Skill and Lecturers’ Job Effectiveness in Universities in Cross River State, Nigeria (Published)
This study sought to examine research report writing skill, communication skill and lecturers’ Job effectiveness in University of Calabar of Cross River State, Nigeria. Literature review was carried out according. The survey research design was used for the study. Two null hypotheses formulated to direct the investigation. The population of the study was 1856, from the University of Calabar (UNICAL). The instrument for data collection was constructed by the researchers using a four likert scale questionnaire titled; Research Report Writing Skill, Communication Skill and Lecturers’ Job Effectiveness Questionnaire (RRWSCSLJEQ). The face and content validity was checked by experts in Measurement and Evaluation who vetted the items developed. The reliability of the instrument was carried out using the Cronbach Alpha method and the co-efficient ranged from .70 to .82. The stratified sample technique was used to sample 420 lecturers, for the study. Statistical tool employed for data analysis was the simple linear regression at 0.05 level of significance, with 341 degree of freedom. The result of the analysis revealed that research report writing skill, communication skill significantly relates with lecturers’ Job effectiveness. It was recommended that Government should established computer skills acquisition centres in universities to increase computer literacy and that trained and qualified ICT personnel should be employed as instructors for better skills acquisition.
This paper discussed cultism development and its sinister influence in Nigeria universities. The unabated incidence and unrelenting activities of secret cults in Nigerian universities which invariably have caused a lot of havoc on the lives and psych of Nigerians have over the years been a thing of serious concern to educational stakeholders, administrators, parents/ guidance, and the society at large. To wit, this paper examined the concept of cultism in Nigerian universities, concept of development of cultism in Nigerian Universities, sinister influence of cultism in Nigerian universities. The paper concludes that cultism can be eradicated in our secondary schools, universities and other institutions of learning to at least a near zero-degree level. The paper therefore suggested that parents, educational administrators and educational stakeholders should inculcate the fear of God in the lives of their children/wards, and students and that the government and private institutions should establish schools of parenting for parents and parents to be.
JOB SECURITY AND JOB SATISFACTION AS DETERMINANTS OF ORGANIZATIONAL COMMITMENT AMONG UNIVERSITY TEACHERS IN CROSS RIVER STATE, NIGERIA (Published)
The purpose of this study was to find out the extent to which job security and job satisfaction predicted organizational commitment of university teachers in Cross River State, Nigeria. The relative contribution of each of the two independent variables to the prediction was also investigated. A survey design was adopted and the study sample consisted of 290 lecturers selected from 2 universities using purposive sampling technique. Two hypotheses guided the study. Instrument for data collection was a structured questionnaire. Data were analyzed using multiple regression and t-test. The result of the study revealed that both job security and job satisfaction jointly had a significant effect (F = 9.87; P< .05) on organizational commitment of university teachers. There was also a significant correlation between the joint predictor variables and organizational commitment (R = 0.593; P<.05). Job satisfaction was a more potent predictor of organizational commitment (t = 3.38; P < .05) than job security ( t = 2.75; P < .05). The two independent variables made significant relative contributions to the determinacy of organizational commitment of university teachers. Premised on these findings it was recommended that the government and university management should improve upon existing motivational strategies to ensure job satisfaction of academic staff in order to enhance their commitment. Actions of government and university authority that would lead to threats of job security among academic staff should be avoided as this could jeopardize their sense of commitment.