The Influence of School Variables On the Academic Performance of Senior Secondary Students in Aba Education Zone, Abia State (Published)
The study investigated the influence of school variables on the academic performance of senior secondary school students in Aba Education Zone, Abia State. Two research questions were posed and two hypotheses formulated. The study adopted descriptive survey research design. The population consisted of the entire senior secondary two (SS2) students in all the senior secondary schools in nine Local Government Areas in Aba Education Zone in 2021/2022 session. The sample was drawn using multi-stage sampling approach. First, four LGAs were randomly selected from the nine existing LGAs in Aba Education Zone. Secondly, one senior secondary school was randomly selected from each of the four LGAs. Finally, 45 SS2 students from each of the sampled schools were purposively selected for the study. The total sample size was 180 respondents. The instruments for data collection were self-made questionnaire titled “School Variables and Students Academic Performance Questionnaire (SVSAPQ) and Academic Performance Questionnaire (APQ). Reliability coefficient of 0.86 and 0.87 were obtained respectively for SVSAPQ and APQ using Cronbach Alpha Statistics. To achieve the objectives of the study, the research questions were answered using mean and standard deviation and the hypotheses tested at .05 significant levels using independent t-test. The findings revealed that there is a significant influence of school environment and school climate on academic performance among senior secondary school students in Aba Education Zone of Abia State. Based on the findings, it was concluded that good physical school environment and healthy school climate enhance academic performance of students. Based on the conclusion, it was recommended that; Government should ensure that schools are sited in environments that are accessible, secure and large enough to accommodate buildings and all other facilities the learners may require for effective teaching/learning activities. The school administrators and teachers should see that the school climate is toxic-free, friendly, natural and calm enough to get students relaxed for effective academic work. Toxic atmosphere and bullying must be checked and eradicated to facilitate students’ adjustment to school work.
This paper discussed cultism development and its sinister influence in Nigeria universities. The unabated incidence and unrelenting activities of secret cults in Nigerian universities which invariably have caused a lot of havoc on the lives and psych of Nigerians have over the years been a thing of serious concern to educational stakeholders, administrators, parents/ guidance, and the society at large. To wit, this paper examined the concept of cultism in Nigerian universities, concept of development of cultism in Nigerian Universities, sinister influence of cultism in Nigerian universities. The paper concludes that cultism can be eradicated in our secondary schools, universities and other institutions of learning to at least a near zero-degree level. The paper therefore suggested that parents, educational administrators and educational stakeholders should inculcate the fear of God in the lives of their children/wards, and students and that the government and private institutions should establish schools of parenting for parents and parents to be.
Citation: Francis Olu Ibimiluyi, Abosede Oluwayemisi Fasina, and Oluwaseun Bamidele Iretor-Oscar (2022) The Influence of Social Support on Stress among Adolescents in Ekiti State, British Journal of Education, Vol.10, Issue 2, pp. 22-30
Abstract: The study examined the influence of social support on stress among adolescents in Ekiti State. Specifically, the study examined the level of stress among adolescent; the social supports that are available to the adolescent; the relationship between social support and stress among adolescent; the influence of social support on stress among male and female adolescent; and the influence of social support on stress among Christian and Muslim adolescent. The research design used in this study was a descriptive survey type. The population of this study comprised of all the senior secondary school students in Ado local government area of Ekiti state. The sample for this study comprised of one hundred and sixty (160) students. Simple and stratified random sampling techniques were used. The instrument used for data collection was self-designed questionnaire. The questionnaire was validated by experts of Tests and Measurement to check whether the instrument accurately represented the variables under study. The reliability of the instrument was ensured through test re-test method which yielded a reliability co-efficient value of 0.718. The data collected were analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The findings of the study revealed that stress among adolescent in Ekiti State was high. In addition, girls are more likely to use coping strategies that involved relationship, such as seeking social support than boys who tend to use others such as distraction. It was recommended among others that parents, community leaders and Government should give adolescents the necessary support to cope with stress around them.
Factors that Impact Teachers’ Learning: Merging Technology with Education in Professional Development (Published)
In recent years, technology’s value is realized through how it has become part of our daily lives. As technology continues to evolve, so do people’s need to be updated with it. Teachers are one of the many professionals who can productively benefit from technology. The adoption of digital technologies in the education sector has enabled teachers to access content and assisted them in providing instruction. Moreover, the Internet helps teachers to share and compare ideas with colleagues. Since the use of technology has become commonplace, it is advisable to train teachers on how they can effectively use digital devices in the classroom. This paper examines how technology can help teachers in the classroom and explores professional development as an essential element in assisting teachers to adapt to the constant technological advances. Furthermore, the study explores how technology is being incorporated into the classroom. The study also discusses the controversy behind its use. The paper draws from past literature on the use of technology in teachers’ professional development.
Influence of Teaching Methods on Students’ Performance in Kiswahili Poetry in Secondary Schools in Lugari Sub-County, Kenya (Published)
The 2002 revised curriculum for Kiswahili for secondary school education in Kenya incorporated content on poetry. Students have continually performed poor in Kiswahili paper 102/3 in Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education (KCSE) with the poetry section being the most failed. The purpose of the study was to investigate the influence of instructional methodology on students’ performance in poetry in Kiswahili in Kenyan secondary schools, taking a case of Lugari Sub-County. The objective of this paper is to present and discuss the research findings on the methods and teaching resources used by teachers of Kiswahili in teaching poetry. The study was based on Dale’s cone of experience theory which states that learners retain more information by what they ‘’do’’ as opposed to what they ‘’hear’’, ‘’read’’ or ‘’observe.’’ The study adopted a survey research design. It targeted secondary schools in Lugari Sub-County, Kakamega County in Kenya. The researcher used stratified sampling to place schools into three strata; four schools per strata were sampled making a total of twelve schools with twelve teachers of Kiswahili from the sampled schools. Purposive sampling was used to sample Form Three students. Data were collected using two sets of questionnaires, observation checklist, and document analysis. Descriptive statistics were used to analyse the obtained data and findings placed under themes. It was found that oral questioning and lecture methods dominated poetry in Kiswahili lessons. Therefore, the research recommends that teachers of Kiswahili should explore a variety of interactive teaching methods to enhance students’ mastery of content.
The Influence of Intelligence on Lecturers’ Performance in Private Universities, Medan City, Indonesia (Published)
This study discusses about how lecturer intelligence can influence their perfomance. This research is a study that uses numerical numbers and changes feed approach to quantitative methods, with descriptive research. This research is conducted in Medan city. This study examines the performance of lecturers in private universities represented by universities that have lecturers of foundations with a long category of founding universities over 10 years, namely: (1) Islamic University of North Sumatra (UISU); (2) Muhammadiyah University of North Sumatra (UMSU); (3) Muslim Nusantara University (UMN); (4) Nomensen University; (5) Indonesian Methodist University (UMI); (6) Catholic University of Santo Thomas. The result shows that cognitive abilities tend to be “high” (53.33%). The average value of the overall cognitive abilities of lecturers in private universities in Medan is 81.92. Cognitive ability directly influences the performance of permanent lecturers in private universities in Medan.
THE INFLUENCE OF BUSAYRI AND HIS BURDAH ON THE ‘ULAMA’ AND SOCIAL ETHICS IN YORUBALAND (Review Completed - Accepted)
Sharaf din Busayri whose panegyric poem is the subject of this paper held in high esteem for his hall mark spiritual desire. The paper is not intended to present all his lines, rather the aim is to call attention to some areas in his poem. The paper begins with an introduction. Sketchy biographical information about the family background and youth of al-Busayri is provided. His literary activities as well as the reason surrounding the production of al-Burdah are carefully discussed. Selected areas of influence are adequately examined. We have discovered that in spite of medical breakthrough in diagnosing some diseases, many other ailments are curable through spiritual exercises as the case of our author, Busayri. We noted that Muslims in Yoruba land name their children and living areas after the poet in an attempt to perpetuate his work, and to immortalize his memory. Verses from the work are still recited as charms in Yoruba land in particular and Nigeria in general as well as in some other parts of the Muslim world.