Assessment of Adolescents Attitude towards Sexuality and Reproductive Health Education in Eleme Local Government Area of Rivers State, Southern Nigeria (Published)
Citation: Chujuor J.C., and Hariet Onovughe Ayah (2022), Assessment of Adolescents Attitude towards Sexuality and Reproductive Health Education in Eleme Local Government Area of Rivers State, Southern Nigeria, British Journal of Education, Vol.10, Issue 3, pp. 34-41
Abstract: The study aimed at determining the attitude of male and female adolescents towards sexuality and reproductive health education. The population of the study consisted of 5,800 adolescents in public secondary schools in Eleme Local Government Area of Rivers State, Southern Nigeria. The sample of the study was however made up of 200 adolescent drawn through simple random sampling technique. Data of the study was obtained using structured questionnaire titled: “Adolescents Attitude to Sexuality and Reproductive Health Education Questionnaire (AASRHEQ). The instrument was validated by experts in educational psychology and measurement and evaluation. The reliability coefficient of the instrument was 0.75, using Cronbach alpha technique. Data collected were analyzed using mean (x), standard deviation and t-test. Result got after data analysis indicated that generally speaking majority of the adolescents had negative attitude. However, a significant difference was found in the adolescents attitude by gender and by religion;. Consequently, recommendations were made which included that the government needs to do more in term of ensuring the implementation of teaching of sexuality and reproductive health education curriculum in schools, especially in the semi urban and rural areas; and that practicing counselors should take up the responsibility of ensuring enough awareness campaign through programs in school and local communities aimed at enhancing the development of positive attitude towards sexuality education among adolescents.
Citation: Francis Olu Ibimiluyi, Abosede Oluwayemisi Fasina, and Oluwaseun Bamidele Iretor-Oscar (2022) The Influence of Social Support on Stress among Adolescents in Ekiti State, British Journal of Education, Vol.10, Issue 2, pp. 22-30
Abstract: The study examined the influence of social support on stress among adolescents in Ekiti State. Specifically, the study examined the level of stress among adolescent; the social supports that are available to the adolescent; the relationship between social support and stress among adolescent; the influence of social support on stress among male and female adolescent; and the influence of social support on stress among Christian and Muslim adolescent. The research design used in this study was a descriptive survey type. The population of this study comprised of all the senior secondary school students in Ado local government area of Ekiti state. The sample for this study comprised of one hundred and sixty (160) students. Simple and stratified random sampling techniques were used. The instrument used for data collection was self-designed questionnaire. The questionnaire was validated by experts of Tests and Measurement to check whether the instrument accurately represented the variables under study. The reliability of the instrument was ensured through test re-test method which yielded a reliability co-efficient value of 0.718. The data collected were analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The findings of the study revealed that stress among adolescent in Ekiti State was high. In addition, girls are more likely to use coping strategies that involved relationship, such as seeking social support than boys who tend to use others such as distraction. It was recommended among others that parents, community leaders and Government should give adolescents the necessary support to cope with stress around them.
Social Variables as Determinants of Suicide Behaviour among Adolescents in Rivers State, Nigeria (Published)
This study investigated some social variables as determinants of suicide behaviours among adolescents in Rivers State, Nigeria. It adopted the correlational research design. The population of the study was 785 students of the three federal Government Colleges in Rivers State who manifest suicide behaviour. Using purposive sampling, they were drawn to ensure that only those that elicited suicide behaviours were used for the study. Three research questions and three hypotheses were tested in the study at 0.005 level of significant. Two instrument named suicide behaviour questionnaire- revised (SBQ-R) and determinants of suicide behaviour questionnaire (DSBQ) were used for the study. The SBQ-R was adapted and used to find out those that exhibit suicide behaviour while DSBQ was used to gather information on the independent variables such as substance abuse and sexual abuse. Experts in measurement and evaluation validated the instruments. The reliability index was 0.85 for SBQ-R, 0.81 for substance abuse and 0.68 for sexual abuse using Cronbach via SPSS. Simple regression was used to answer research questions 1 and 2 and its corresponding hypotheses while multiple regression was used to answer research questions 3 and its corresponding hypothesis at 0.005 alpha level. Findings were that substance abuse (p=0.000<0.005), sexual abuse (0.000<0.005) and joint social variables (p=0.00< 0.05) relates significantly with suicide behaviour. Based on the findings it was recommended that substances that are easily abused by adolescents should be kept out of their reach and Government parastatals like the Nigerian Drug and Law Enforcement Agency (NDLEA) and CUSTOM officials that are in charge of ensuring that these dangerous substances do not see the light of the day should intensify their efforts in seizing and destroying them. Those that are traffickers of these substances should be counselled with therapies like CBT to help them stop trafficking dangerous substances. Perpetrators of sexual abuse should also be re-orientated, counselled and rehabilitated.
Citation: Essien, B.S. and Awujo, C.G. (2022) Social Variables as Determinants of Suicide Behaviour among Adolescents in Rivers State, Nigeria, British Journal of Education, Vol.10, Issue 2, pp. 1-12
Sexual Behaviour of Adolescent Hawkers in Ilorin Metropolis: The Role of Socio-Demographic Predictors (Published)
The health of adolescents is greatly determined by their behaviour. An important and complex area of adolescent behavioural health is sexuality. Issues of experience and activity include the timing of first intercourse, number of sex partners, contraceptive use, pregnancy, and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). The purpose of this study therefore is to examine the prediction of socio-demographic factors on sexual behaviour of adolescent hawkers in Ilorin Metropolis. Survey research design was adopted. Five research questions guided the study. The population comprised of 400 adolescents in Ilorin Metropolis, Kwara State, Nigeria. A multi-stage sampling technique was adopted while purposive sampling method was used to select the participants, while a semi structured interview form and self-developed questionnaire was used for data collection. Reliability was estimated at 0.81. Data analysis involved mean, standard deviation, chi-square, and regression analysis. Results showed that Socio-demographic variables did have significant association with respondents risky sexual behaviour, ever had sex, practice of having more than one sexual partner, monetary reward for sex, and the practice of condom use during sexual intercourse. It was recommended that Socio- demographic factors indicated to have contributed to current extent of adolescents’ sexuality while risky sexual behaviour exposes them to high sexual networking, sex related outcomes which includes among others, unwanted pregnancy which may lead to abortion and the likes.