Senior Secondary School Students’ Attitude Toward Chemistry in Katsina Metropolis, Nigeria: Effect of Concept Mapping Instructional Technique (Published)
The study looked at Students’ Attitudes toward Chemistry in Katsina Metropolis, Nigeria and their reaction to Concept Mapping Instructional Approach. Idea mapping was used to compare the mean attitude scores of male and female students who were taught the periodic table concept in Chemistry. The average attitude ratings of students who were taught the concept using concept mapping and those who were taught the identical concept using the lecture method following the treatment were compared in the study. From eleven Katsina public senior secondary schools, 11,094 Senior Secondary School II (SSII) Chemistry students comprised of the population. Two schools and 128 SS2 Chemistry students formed the study sample. Two research questions with corresponding hypotheses were raised and developed respectively to guide the investigation. Two classes were chosen at random and given the roles of experimental and control groups in the study. The preliminary and final tests controls were non-equivalent. The researcher employed the Concept Mapping Attitude Scale towards Chemistry (CMASTC) as the instrument for gathering data. The questions were answered using average and variation, and the assumptions were tested using t-test statistics. Results showed among other things, that there was no statistically significant difference in the mean attitude scores of boys and girls who were taught the periodic table concept using concept mapping compared to others exposed to same concept employing lectures. The study suggested, concept mapping has been shown to encourage a promising future for learners; teachers might employ it in classroom.
Brainstorming, Field Trip and Gender Effects On Junior Secondary School Students’ Attitude to Business Studies in Rivers State, Nigeria (Published)
The study investigated the effects of brainstorming, field trip and gender on students’ attitude in Business Studies. The framework for the study was based on Bandura’s social learning theory and Vygotsky’s constructivism theory of learning. All the JSS 2 students (467) in the selected schools participated in the study. Both the experimental and control groups were given students. Seven weeks were spent on the treatment. The Attitude to Business Studies Scale (=0.72) was the measure that was utilized. Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) was used to analyze the data at the 0.05 level of significance. There was significant effect of treatment on students’ attitude to Business studies, [F(2,131)=27.70, partial η2=0.29] with FTTM ( =94.94), BTM ( =88.00), and CM ( =84.90). Gender had no discernible main impact on students’ attitudes toward business studies. The impact of treatment and gender on students’ attitudes toward business studies was nonexistent. Students’ business studies learning outcomes in Rivers State were influenced by both brainstorming and field trips, but the field trip strategy was superio. Teachers should be encouraged to use both methods to motivate students’ attitude to Business studies.
The Quest for Better Pedagogical and Boosting Learning Outcomes in Mathematics Education: The Enhanced Collaborative Strategy Paradigm (Published)
The study investigated the effects of enhanced collaborative teaching strategy on senior secondary school students’ learning outcomes in Mathematics in Ekiti State, Nigeria. The research determined the extent to which the application of teaching strategies enhanced better performance in and attitude of students to Mathematics. The study compared the outcomes of the effects of a teaching strategy on students with another set of students that were taught conventionally. The study adopted the quasi-experimental research design of the pre-test, post-test control group design. The population comprised all Senior Secondary Class II students in public secondary schools in Ekiti State. The sample consisted of 117 Senior Secondary School students purposively selected. Two null hypotheses were generated. The instruments used to collect data were Mathematics Performance Test (MPT) and Students’ Attitude Towards Mathematics Questionnaire (SATMQ). Hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance and analysed using Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA).The results of the study showed that there was significant difference between the pre-test and post-test mean scores of the students in the experimental group, while the pre-test and post-test mean scores of the control group showed less significant difference. It was found that there was significant difference in the post-test of the experimental and control group. The results showed that enhanced collaborative strategy improved students’ performance in Mathematics and changed students’ attitude towards Mathematics. Enhanced collaborative strategy was found to be highly effective in improving students’ behaviour during Mathematics classes. Based on the findings of the study, it was recommended that Mathematics teachers should encourage their students to work collaboratively. Teachers should be encouraged to use enhanced collaborative strategy during classroom interaction.
Assessment of Adolescents Attitude towards Sexuality and Reproductive Health Education in Eleme Local Government Area of Rivers State, Southern Nigeria (Published)
Citation: Chujuor J.C., and Hariet Onovughe Ayah (2022), Assessment of Adolescents Attitude towards Sexuality and Reproductive Health Education in Eleme Local Government Area of Rivers State, Southern Nigeria, British Journal of Education, Vol.10, Issue 3, pp. 34-41
Abstract: The study aimed at determining the attitude of male and female adolescents towards sexuality and reproductive health education. The population of the study consisted of 5,800 adolescents in public secondary schools in Eleme Local Government Area of Rivers State, Southern Nigeria. The sample of the study was however made up of 200 adolescent drawn through simple random sampling technique. Data of the study was obtained using structured questionnaire titled: “Adolescents Attitude to Sexuality and Reproductive Health Education Questionnaire (AASRHEQ). The instrument was validated by experts in educational psychology and measurement and evaluation. The reliability coefficient of the instrument was 0.75, using Cronbach alpha technique. Data collected were analyzed using mean (x), standard deviation and t-test. Result got after data analysis indicated that generally speaking majority of the adolescents had negative attitude. However, a significant difference was found in the adolescents attitude by gender and by religion;. Consequently, recommendations were made which included that the government needs to do more in term of ensuring the implementation of teaching of sexuality and reproductive health education curriculum in schools, especially in the semi urban and rural areas; and that practicing counselors should take up the responsibility of ensuring enough awareness campaign through programs in school and local communities aimed at enhancing the development of positive attitude towards sexuality education among adolescents.
Fostering Senior Secondary Students’ Attitude and Achievement in Biology in FCT-Abuja Using Facebook Instructional Strategy (Published)
The study investigated how Facebook Instructional Strategy could be used to foster Senior Secondary Students’ Attitude and Achievement in Biology in FCT-Abuja. A quasi-experimental research design was adopted. The population comprised 12719 senior secondary two biology students. The sample consisted of 247 SSII biology students selected from six government schools in the study area using purposive sampling technique. Data were generated using Germination Achievement Test (GAT) and Students’ Attitude to Biology Questionnaire (SABQ). The GAT and SABQ were validated and subjected to reliability analysis using Kuder-Richardson formula 21 (K-R21) and Cronbach Alpha formula which yielded coefficients of 0.75 and 0.68 respectively. Six research questions guided the study, while six hypotheses were formulated. Data collected were analyzed using mean and standard deviations to answer the research questions while Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The findings of the study revealed that there is significant difference in the mean achievement score of students taught seed germination using facebook instructional strategy and those taught using the lecture method; there is significant difference in the mean achievement scores of male and female students taught seed germination using facebook instructional strategy. There is no significant difference in the mean attitude ratings of students taught seed germination using facebook instructional strategy and those taught using lecture method; There is no significant difference in the mean attitude ratings of male and female students taught seed germination using facebook instructional strategy. Based on the findings, it was recommended amongst others that biology teachers-trainees should be trained on the use of facebook instructional strategy in teaching biology.
The Perspectives and Effectiveness of Authentic Materials in Listening Comprehension of Saudi University Students (Published)
Due to the lack of exposure to the use of English real language beyond the classroom time, specifically the use of authentic listening materials in the listening lessons, many students have great difficulty understanding the real language produced by native speakers or the authentic ones they hear. However, far too little attention has been paid to the use of authentic listening materials in the Saudi EFL context. To address such critical gab, the current study aims at investigating the effect of using authentic materials on the listening comprehension ability of Saudi EFL subjects. It also explores students’ attitudes and reactions towards the use of authentic listening materials. The participants of this study were students majoring in English Language Translation Department at Qassim University. After random selection, 44 students from the fourth level took part in this study. The participants were randomly divided into two equal groups: the experimental group consisting of (22) students and the control one consisting of (22) other students. The control group underwent listening activities through inauthentic materials, while the experimental group was exposed to and received a combination of inauthentic and authentic listening materials. Data collection instruments were two listening comprehension tests, interviews and questionnaires. Results of post-tests revealed the experimental group’s listening comprehension ability improved significantly more than that of the control group. Analysis of the interviews and the questionnaire also revealed EFL students’ satisfaction and positive attitudes toward the use of authentic listening materials. This means that the use of authentic materials helps bring the contact to life, and ultimately makes learning and using language more meaningful and easier for students. These results again verified the value of authentic material-use in the classroom, specifically in regards to teaching listening skills. The positive findings of this study also indicate the need for authentic materials to gain a larger role in the EFL classroom and for more research to be carried out in other areas of language skills. Hence, using authentic materials in teaching English in tertiary level needs more attention in their use in the classroom.
Formative Assessment Practices, Attitude and Learning Outcome of Students in Mathematics in Selected Secondary Schools in South-South Nigeria (Published)
The study was conducted to examine the effect of formative assessment practices, and attitude on learning outcome of students in Mathematics in selected secondary schools in south-south Nigeria. Three research questions and hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. The quasi-experimental design was used in the study with a population of all Senor Secondary school three (SS3) students in Mathematics in selected public secondary schools in south-south (Cross River, Rivers and Akwa Ibom States) of Nigeria numbering 21,657. The sample of the study consisted of 541 (2.5%), SS3 students in Mathematics. The proportionate stratified random sampling technique was employed in the study. The instruments for data collection are; the Formative Assessment Practice Questionnaire (FAPQ), Attitude Scale (AS) and Learning Outcome Test in Mathematics (LOTM) which were validated by experts in Mathematics and Measurement and Evaluation. Internal consistency was established with split half reliability method and the index ranged from .78 to .92 respectively. The stated hypotheses formulated for the study were tested at 0.05 level of significance using Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA). Findings from the study revealed that there is a significant effect of formative assessment, attitude and gender on learning outcome of students in Mathematics.
Psychological Factors and College of Education Students’ Learning Outcomes in French, Cross River State, Nigeria (Published)
The study investigated psychological factors and College of Education students’ learning outcomes in French, Cross River State, Nigeria. Two research questions and two hypotheses were formulated to give direction to the study. The study adopted a survey research design and the population comprised 55 second year French Language students, of which the entire population was used for the study. A well validated Psychological Factors and Students’ Learning Outcomes in French (PFSLOF) questionnaire and a French Literacy Test (FLT) were used to collect the required data. The independent t-test was the statistical tools used for analysis of the data collected. Two hypotheses were tested at .05 level of significance. The results of the analysis revealed that students’ attitude and personality have significant influence on their learning outcomes in French Language. Sequel to the findings of this study, recommendations were made.
“Hail University Students’ Attitudes Towards the Use of Electronic Communication to Enrich the Field Training Program and Solving Some of Its Problems (Published)
The study aimed to detect Hail University students’ attitudes towards use electronic communication to enrich the field training program and solving some of its Problems, at second semester (2016/2017). The intentional sample consisted of (35) students. To achieve the goals, researcher developed a questionnaire consisted of (33) items. The reliability and stability has been verified. The results showed the effectiveness of electronic communication used in solving some of the problems of field training program, and showed positive trends among respondents about the use of electronic communication in the field training program. Finally, in light of these finding some recommendations were stated
Pre-Service Teachers’ Attitude towards Application of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) As a Pedagogical Tool in Teacher Education (Published)
The study investigated pre-service teachers’ attitude towards application of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) as a pedagogical tool in teacher education. A sample of 365 of pre-service teachers of Alvan Ikoku Federal College of Education, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria was used for the study. The descriptive survey research design was adopted in carrying out the study. A 4-point type of questionnaire titled “Pre-service Teachers’ Attitude towards ICT Application Scale (PSTAICTAS)” was used to generate data. It had reliability coefficient (r) of .76 determined using Pearson’s product moments correlation coefficient formula. The data generated was analyzed using mean and standard deviation to answer the research question while the hypothesis was tested using t-test statistical tool at 0.05 level of significance. The result of the study revealed that pre-service teachers had positive attitude towards ICT as a pedagogical tool irrespective of their gender. Based on the findings, it was recommended that educators in teacher training institutions should apply ICT tools in their lecture delivery to enable pre-service teachers benefit from it.