Relationship Among Teachers’ Occupational Interests, Job Satisfaction and Performance in Government Secondary Schools in North Central Nigeria (Published)
This study investigated the relationship among teachers’ occupational interests, job satisfaction and performance in government secondary schools in North-Central Nigeria. The study adopted descriptive survey design using teachers in government secondary schools in the North-Central Geopolitical zone of Nigeria. A sample size of 384 teachers comprising 153 males and 231 females participated in the study through stratified random sampling procedure. Three instruments were used for the study – Vocational Interests Inventory (VII) Job Satisfaction Inventory for Teachers (JOSIT) and Teachers Job Performance Inventory (TEJOPI). The reliability of the instruments was determined through test re-test method using Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient which yielded reliability indices of 0.92, 0.84 and 0.81 for VII, JOSIT and TEJOPI respectively. One research question and three hypotheses guided the conduct of the study. Data generated was analyzed using mean scores and standard deviation for the research question. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used for hypotheses one and two while Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient was used to test hypothesis three. The findings revealed that teachers in government secondary schools in North-Central Nigeria were dissatisfied with their jobs as reflected in the sectional mean of 2.712. The findings further revealed that a significant relationship existed between occupational interests and job satisfaction but not with job performance. The findings further indicated that there was no significant relationship between jobs satisfaction and Job performance. The researcher recommended among other measures, that government as the major employer of labour should ensure periodic improvements in the working conditions of teachers to enhance their job satisfaction and boost productivity.
Influence of Covid-19 Pandemic on Teachers and Students’ Interaction in Basic Science in Junior Secondary Schools in Ekiti State, Nigeria (Published)
This study considered the impact of Covid -19 pandemic on Teachers’ and Students interaction in Basic Science Classrooms in junior secondary schools in Ekiti State. The research procedure involves descriptive research of survey type. Participants were 320 Basic Science students which were randomly selected across four Local Government areas in Ekiti State. Data were collected with the instruments titled Impact of Covd-19 pandemic on teachers’ classroom interaction (IC-19TCI) and Impact of Covid-19 pandemic on students’ classroom interaction (IC-19SCI). The reliability of the instruments was determined through Cronbach Alpha and this yielded a correlation coefficient of 0.78 and 0.75 for IC-19TCI and IC-19SCI, respectively at 0.05 level of significance. Descriptive statistics such as frequency count, percentages, means, graphs and standard deviation were used to analyze the data. The results revealed that the impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on teachers’ interaction in the classroom was negative.
Citation: Adegbola F.F. (2023) Influence of Covid-19 Pandemic on Teachers and Students’ Interaction in Basic Science in Junior Secondary Schools in Ekiti State, Nigeria, British Journal of Education, Vol.11, Issue 4, 59-65
Teachers’ Perceptions on Quality Assurance Officers’ Classroom Observation in Improving Students’ Performance in Certificate of Secondary Educational Examination in Mwanga District (Published)
The research study focused on teachers’ perceptions on the classroom observation of Quality Assurance Officers in improving performance of Certificate of Secondary Educational Examination (CSEE) in Mwanga district. The study was anchored by expectancy theory by Lewin and Tolman in 1932. The study employed quantitative approach whereby cross-sectional survey design. the target population was 24 heads of schools, 412 teachers from 24 public secondary school in Mwanga district and 7 Quality Assurance Officers. Sample random and stratified sampling technics were used to get 5 Quality Assurance Officers, 8 heads of schools and 82 secondary school teachers to make a sample size of 95 participants. Validation of instruments was done by two research experts from MWECAU. Questionnaires were used to collect data from teachers and interview schedule to heads of schools and Quality Assurance Officers. The data were analyzed quantitatively using descriptive statistics. Before actual data analysis, a pilot study was conducted to establish the reliability of data through Cronbach Alpha (r=0.71 for teachers’ questionnaire data). The finding revealed that 3.083 mean percentage of teachers indicated that Quality Assurance Officers conduct their classroom observation role in assessing content delivery, teaching and learning methods, availability of teaching and learning documents, preparation of teaching documents for improving students’ performance in CSEE. However, it was indicated that various factors influenced teachers’ perceptions with most noticeable one of being past experiences of teachers to Quality Assurance Officers. The study concluded that 3.083 mean score of teachers in Mwanga district have positive perceptions on classroom observation by Assurance Officers. However, it was also concluded that some teachers still take Quality Assurance Officers as fault finding people due to factors like past experiences with school inspectors. The study recommended that conducting frequent school visit, using friendly, respectful communications with teachers will improved the perceptions of teachers. But also, Quality Assurance Officers should have a regular follow up mechanisms in order to ensure that their feedback report is implemented as expected
An Assessment of the Implementation of the Universal Basic Education (UBE) Programme in Delta State: Implication for Facilities and Infrastructure (Published)
This paper examined the level of implementation of the Universal Basic Education (UBE) program in Delta State of Nigeria. The study used a descriptive survey to assess the views of UBE teachers and staff on the successful implementation of the UBE Program in Delta State. The study population includes all UBE teachers and staff in the 25 Local Government Areas of Delta Province. The sample size was 240 teachers and 120 UBE staff. The tool used in data collection was a questionnaire. The tool was certified by testing experts and a reliability coefficient of 0.82 was obtained. Two research questions and two hypotheses were used. The research questions were analyzed using central points while the hypothetical hypotheses were analyzed using the chi-square table. The significance level was set at 0.05. The study revealed that the UBE Program was poorly implemented in Delta State and inadequate resources and infrastructure. It was recommended, among other things, that the State Government should provide all the resources and infrastructure required for the successful implementation of the UBE Program in Delta State, to be done.
Citation: Ossai A.G. (2022) An Assessment of the Implementation of the Universal Basic Education (UBE) Programme in Delta State: Implication for Facilities and Infrastructure, British Journal of Education, Vol.10., Issue 9, pp. 59-68
Teaching Strategies Employed By Teachers for Improving Students’ Learning in Business Education in Secondary Schools in Delta State (Published)
Citation: Onajite, G. O. (2022) Teaching Strategies Employed By Teachers for Improving Students’ Learning in Business Education in Secondary Schools in Delta State, British Journal of Education, Vol.10, Issue 3, pp., 85-100
Abstract:This study investigated teaching strategies employed by teachers for improving students’ learning in Business Education in secondary schools in Delta State. Four research questions guided the study. The descriptive survey research design was employed in the study. Population of the study consisted of all the 2,100 teachers teaching business education subjects in the 448 secondary schools in Delta State. Sample size of the study comprised 630 business education teachers from 224 secondary schools in Delta State selected using stratified random sampling technique. A 40-item researchers’ self-developed questionnaire titled “Teaching Strategies employed by Teachers for Improving Student’s Learning in Business Education Questionnaire (TSTISLBEQ)” arranged into four clusters, and structured on 4-point scale. The research instrument was validated by three experts and reliability determined through a pilot test which yielded an internal consistency reliability value of 0.74. Data collected were analyzed using the mean score and standard deviation. The findings of this study revealed among others that the teachers mostly employed the direct teaching strategies. All the other teaching strategies like the experimental, material/visual aids, interactive and the independent teaching strategies were largely not employed by the teachers in teaching business education in secondary schools in Delta State. From the findings, recommendations were made which include and among them were that principals in the secondary schools should encourage and support the teachers to employ other direct teaching strategies such as seminars, individualized instruction method, peer tutoring, team teaching and sharing students into different reading groups for improving students’ learning in business education in secondary schools in Delta State.
A Qualitative Investigation of Further Education (Fe, U.K.) Teachers’ Appraisal of Emotions (Published)
Walifa Rasheed-Karim (2022) A Qualitative Investigation of Further Education (FE, U.K.) Teachers’ Appraisal of Emotions, British Journal of Education, Vol.10, Issue 3, pp. 42-72
Abstract: This paper reports that appraisal of emotions by further education (FE) teachers will enable the operationalisation of improving their wellbeing. The paper sets the context and methodological approaches for investigating the use of emotions by two, experienced FE teachers. The research reported concludes that teachers experience emotions, and these may cause distress as well as engender positive emotions. Stressors (leadership styles, job insecurity and policies) bring about experiences of emotions as well as thoughts of how to manage these. Teachers varied in their use of emotions due to job roles- lead teacher opposed to a supply level teacher’s role and appraised situations because of role types. Policy and leadership practices influenced the management of emotions for the teachers. Job design as well as how emotions are appraised in conditions such as job insecurity and leadership types should be further investigated across FE teachers’ level of experiences and age ranges.
Assessment of Supervision in Public Basic Schools in Northern Ghana: The Case of Lambussie-Karni District (Published)
This study sought to assess the effectiveness of supervision in public basic schools in Lambussie-Karni District of the Upper West Region of Ghana. The descriptive survey design was adopted, where quantitative data was collected and analyzed. The multi-stage sampling with the use of stratified random sampling and convenience sampling techniques were used to select 234 participants for the study. Structured questionnaire was used as instrument for data collection. Version 25 of the Statistical Product for Service Solution was used to analyze the data. The mean and standard deviation were used to analyze the data. The study revealed that clinical supervision was dominantly practiced than training and guidance supervision, collegial supervision and traditional supervision. Also, participants perceived all the components and well as the overall supervision as very effective in promoting effective teaching and learning. The challenges to effective supervision included unhealthy relationship between supervisors and supervisees, lack of regular in-service training, lack of funds, and follow-up activities. It was recommended that regular in-service training should be organized by Ghana Education Service (GES) for supervisors and teachers to update their knowledge and skills, and to be abreast with the changing trends in supervision in schools.
Citation: Enock Yeng, Anthony Woode-Eshun & Seth Badu (2022) Assessment of Supervision in Public Basic Schools in Northern Ghana: The Case of Lambussie-Karni District, British Journal of Education, Vol.10, Issue 1, pp. 17-35
The Attitudes of Nigerian Secondary School Teachers and Students towards Environmental Pollution (Published)
The research was carried out to investigate Nigerian Secondary School Teachers and Students’ attitude towards environmental pollution. It also examined Nigerian teachers and students’ attitude towards environmental pollution, considering their gender and location. The research adopted descriptive research of the survey type. The population was made up of all Nigerian Secondary School Teachers and Students. The sample for the study comprised 720 teachers and 1440 students selected through a multistage sampling procedure. Two self-constructed Questionnaires was used to generate data for the study. One for the Teachers is Questionnaire on Teachers Attitude towards environmental pollution (QTAEP) and Questionnaire on Students Attitude towards environmental pollution (QSAEP). It was made up of two sections – Section A which consist the biodata of teacher and students such as Name, Location and Gender. Section B was made up of items to elicit information about their attitudes toward environmental pollution. The instrument’s validity was ascertained by giving it to experts in Biology Education, who are examiners for the West African Examination Council (WAEC) and National Examination Council (NECO) for face and content validity. Their suggestions and corrections were effected. The reliability of the instrument was determined by using Cronbash Alpha Formula. The reliability coefficient of 0.66 and 0.81 was obtained. The data collected were analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics. It was established from the finding that both teachers and students had a positive attitude towards environmental pollution. It was confirmed from the findings that gender and location had a significant influence on both teachers and students’ attitude toward environmental pollution. Considering the finding from this study, it was recommended that the content of environmental pollution in secondary schools should be more comprehensive. Also, environmental pollution awareness programs should be organised for both teachers and students to enhance their knowledge about environmental pollution and invariably influence their attitude.
Evaluating Guidance and Counselling Utilisation among Secondary School Teachers: Rejoinders from Selected Nigerian Schools (Published)
This research contended that Guidance and Counselling transcend provision of helping services for adolescent secondary school students but encompass delivery of such supports to their teachers. It aimed to evaluate whether the latter were utilising the Services, using five research questions. Descriptive survey design was adopted, leading to random sampling of 384 constituents of the target population. A 20 item structured questionnaire (Guidance Utilisation Evaluation Scale for Teachers-GUEST) was developed and administered as research instrument. Responses were projected based on Four Likert Scale type Format, with professionals and pilot tests respectively substantiating instrument’s validity and reliability. Data were analysed using mean scores, ensuing in the following findings: teachers supposed G and C functions as students’ services and did not utilise them; such functions were not extended to teachers as beneficiaries, but buddies; teachers merely sought practitioners’ aids for student and school developments; there were dearth of necessary teacher-support resources in school G and C units; absence of sufficient G and C functions consciousness impeded its utilisation among teachers; they were hardly motivated to seek G and C aids from their schools’ practitioners. Ultimately, expansion of the programme’s delineation was proposed for apt erudition of counsellor facilitation and counsellee/client participation.
Women Art Education in Pakistan Universities: Based Upon the Interviews of Faculty Members (Published)
Art education has brought in significant changes in the field of art in Pakistan. However, there has been limited research concerning the extent to which women reached their goals in the art industry after graduation. Fifteen female teachers from three universities in Pakistan were used as the sample. The semi-structured interview was conducted to collect data in which the qualitative analysis of the interview protocols resulted in a codebook. Results from the study show that the teaching profession is the most preferable profession which suits Pakistan’s social, traditional, and religious values. Over recent years, the rising of many institutions that also offer art education has triggered the need for the services of an art teacher.