British Journal of Education (BJE)

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Computer Assisted Instruction (CAI) With Animation in Biology Curriculum Delivery: A Panacea for Students Achievement and Motivation (Published)

Students derive enjoyment from learning when it incorporates engaging activities, particularly when the level of abstraction is kept to a minimum. Utilizing information and ICT tools in educational settings serves as one approach to achieving this goal. Therefore, this research explores the efficacy of CAI featuring animation in the delivery of Biology curriculum, aiming to enhance student achievement and motivation. Employing a non-randomized experimental design with pretest and posttest measures, the study targeted a population of 9,780 SSII Biology Students across 222 government-owned secondary schools in Delta South Senatorial District, Delta State, Nigeria. A sample of 207 SSII students was selected from four secondary schools using simple random sampling techniques, facilitated by balloting with replacement. The study utilized the Biology Achievement Test (BAT) and Computer Animation Instructional Package (CAIP) as research instruments, both validated by three experts in Science Education and Measurement and Evaluation to ensure face and content validity aligned with the study’s objectives. The reliability of the BAT instrument was assessed through administration to 30 biology students, yielding a reliability coefficient of 0.81 using the Kudar-Richardson formula 21. Both the experimental and Non-intervention groups underwent administration of the BAT instrument, with the intervention group subjected to biology curriculum through CAI animation, while the Non-intervention group received instruction without animation. Data analysis employed descriptive statistics (mean and st.d) alongside inferential statistics, specifically t-tests at a critical value of 0.05. The study’s primary findings highlight a substantial disparity in achievement between students subjected to biology curriculum with CAI animation paralleled to those without animation, with the former showing higher performance. Additionally, a notable gender disparity emerged, favoring female students in the group subjected to biology curriculum with CAI animation. The study acclaims, among other measures, the development of additional biology software packages employing CAI with animation for integration into Nigerian school curricula, calling for collaboration among government bodies, educators, and school administrators to facilitate this endeavor.

Keywords: Achievement, Animation., Curriculum, Motivation, computer-assisted instructional

The Impact of Physical Training on Academic Progress: A Perspective through Self-Determination Theory and Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs (Published)

The pursuit of overall well-being has become increasingly vital in our fast-paced and demanding world. Understanding the complex interplay between the mind and body is essential for realizing our full potential and living a healthy and satisfying life. Physical activity is one effective way to foster this relationship. Regular exercise has a plethora of benefits that extend beyond physical health, immediately benefiting our mental and emotional well-being. Students will feel competent in their performance if they have the freedom to engage in activities based on their sense of autonomy, competence, and relatedness. This article looks at the synergy effect of self-determination and Maslow’s theory in creating a link between physical activity and student academic achievement. Students can develop strong social connections with their peers and professors through effective discipline and incentive, leading to more engagement in learning and better study habits.

Keywords: Discipline, Motivation, Physical activity, Well-being, academic progress

Psychosocial Predictors of Secondary School Students’ Attitude Towards Cheating in Examination in Emuoha Local Government Area, Rivers State (Published)

The study investigated Psychosocial Predictors of Secondary School Students’ Attitude Towards Cheating In Examination In Emuoha Local Government Area, Rivers State. Five research questions and five corresponding hypotheses were formulated for the study. Correlational and descriptive research design was used for the study. The population of the study consisted of all the senior secondary school students in the 20 public schools in Obio-Akpor Local Government Area of Rivers State. A sample of 125 senior secondary school II students was drawn for the study using the multi-stage sampling technique. The instruments used for data collection in this study were the Students’ Attitude Cheating Scale (SACS) and the Psychosocial Predictors Scale (PPS). The validity of both instruments was done using experts’ assessment while their reliability was determined through Cronbach Alpha method. The reliability coefficient of 0.78 was realized for Students’ Attitude Cheating Scale (SACS) and 0.82 was realized for Psychosocial Predictors Scale (PPS) respectively. Analysis of the instruments was done using simple regression as well as t-test. Finding showed that achievement motivation (p=0.001<0.05) and self-efficacy (p= 0.000<0.05) all had significant relationship with secondary school student’s attitude towards cheating. On the contrary, there was insignificant differences (p= 0.22>0.05) between the attitude of male and female students. Based on this, it was recommended among others that school authorities should encourage the student to get involved in educational and social clubs which will help them academically and morally.

Keywords: Achievement, Gender, Motivation, Self-Efficacy, cheating

Determinants of Teacher Motivation and Job Performance at Senior High Schools in Greater Accra Region, Ghana (Published)

This study aimed to investigate the factors affecting teacher motivation and job performance/productivity at senior high schools in the Greater Accra region, Ghana. The study is quantitative in nature and survey approach was employed to gather data from 676 respondents out of sample size of 700. Descriptive statistical test as well as Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) and Confirmation Factor Analysis were used to analyze the data obtained from the respondents. In addition, tools such as mean, standard deviation, frequency and Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) were employed. The study found that motivations of teachers are low due to the lack of such variables as medical allowance, accommodation allowance, pension scheme, career advancement, recognition and low level of salary compare to their colleagues with the same qualifications in other government’s institutions and this is impacting negatively on their job performance. It was suggested by the teachers that major paradigm shift in Ghana education policies in connection to factors such as school governance, remuneration, safety and security, as well as assessments and evaluations needed to be revised for an improved performance.

Keywords: Determinants, Ghana, Job Performance, Motivation, Senior High Schools, Teacher

Choosing Performing Arts Pedagogy Courses: Pre-Service Generalist Teachers Motivation (Published)

Performing Arts pedagogy courses have not been the choice of pre-service generalist teachers in Wesley College of Education in the city of Kumasi, Ghana between 2010/2011 and 2016/2017 academic years. At the beginning of the 2017/2018 academic year, six students selected the course as their elective for study. This study explores the motivation behind these pre-service teachers selecting the Performing Arts pedagogy courses for study. Prior engagement in the performing arts, expectation of ability to teach, and achieving good examination results emerged as the main themes from the analysis of qualitative semi-structured interview data. Findings suggest that there is a relationship between prior experiences in the performing arts and motivation to continue engagements in the arts. Further research with pre-service teachers to identify their needs, interests, abilities and background experiences in the performing arts will help teacher educators to train students to be effective practitioners in their future classrooms.

Keywords: Colleges Of Education, Ghana, Motivation, Pedagogy, Performing Arts, Pre-service Generalist Teachers

Mathematics Teachers’ Leadership Styles and Learning Motivation among Secondary School Students in Cross River State, Nigeria (Published)

The study investigated Mathematics teachers’ leadership styles and learning motivation as perceived by secondary school students in Calabar Education Zone of Cross River State. The study utilized descriptive research design. Three research questions were asked to guide the study. Sample size was five hundred and ninety nine (599) SSII students randomly selected  from 49 public secondary schools through stratified random sampling technique. Mathematics Teachers’ Leadership Styles and Learning Motivation Questionnaires (MTLSMQ) with reliability coefficient of 0.74 were used to gather data for the study. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics and multiple regression statistical technique. Result showed that there is significant positive relationship between teachers’ leadership styles and students learning motivation. Based on the findings, ,it was recommended among others that training programme on leadership and general attitude to work should be organized for mathematics teachers in particular and teachers in general. This will help them to realize that they are leaders in the classroom.

Keywords: Cross River, Leadership Style, Learning, Motivation, Students, Teacher

The Impact of Learning-Based Learning Strategy through Discovery in the Development of Student Motivation towards Learning English in Jordan (Published)

The present study aimed to identify the impact of learning-based learning strategy through discovery in the development of student motivation towards learning English in Jordan. To achieve the objectives of the study, the researcher followed the analytical descriptive approach in terms of applying the study tool and data collection and analysis. The study found that there were (35) students from Deir Al-Liat secondary school for girls. The study found that there is an impact on the strategy of learning based on learning through discovery in the development of motivation Lab about learning English in Jordan, the researcher recommended to circulate the results of the current study by the Jordanian Ministry of Education on the various directorates to take advantage of the results in raising the students’ motivation to learn English.

Keywords: Discovery, Motivation, Strategy

The Relationship between Entrepreneurship Education and Students’ Entrepreneurial Intentions in Ogun State-Owned Universities, Nigeria (Published)

The alarming rate of unemployment in Nigeria has become a major national problem. To abate this problem, the Federal Ministry of Education made Entrepreneurship Education compulsory for all students of higher institutions in the country. This study therefore investigates the relationship between students’ exposure to Entrepreneurship Education and their career entrepreneurial intentions in Ogun State-owned universities. Six hypotheses were generated for the study. The population comprises all final year undergraduates, with a sample of six hundred and nine. Three research instruments were used. The data collected were analysed using descriptive statistics, Pearson Product-Moment Correlation Coefficient, T-test and ANOVA. Findings revealed that Entrepreneurship Education significantly influences students’ Entrepreneurial intentions. It was recommended among others that Entrepreneurship Education should be practical-oriented so as to have greater participations in classroom interactions which would further enhance motivation.

Keywords: Entrepreneur, Entrepreneurial Intentions, Entrepreneurship, Entrepreneurship education, Motivation

Impact of University Motivated Environment on Students Learning (Published)

Purpose: This research paper aims to examine the Impact of University Motivated Environment on Students Learning. Design/Methodology/Approach: Keeping in view the objectives the University Motivated Environment factors has been taken. The study sample of 300 students randomly selected from different departments of Albaha university. The use of the likert scale and a questionnaire containing 35 items related to the university motivated factors were used to measure the impact. Popular statistical T-test ANOVA was applied by using SPSS software highlighting more detailed findings of the study. Findings:  The results shows that students are not satisfied with the university motivated learning environment  because the services and support  provided by the university related to Library, Computer, Parking, Cafeteria, Bus, Air Conditioning, Sports, Lab equipments, Cleanliness, Light, Guidelines, Track Complaints,  Website, Internet Wi Fi environment, Training and placement, Update curriculum according to need of Industry, Scholarships, Sufficient number of staff to serve students, Recruiting staff according to the need of students, etc are not proper or given  which affect students learning environment. Statistical analysis shows that Hypotheses is accepted in all cases. Originality/value – The value of this research is that the university will improve the services from which students are not satisfied.

Keywords: Environment, Impact, Learning, Motivation, Students, University

Methods Followed By the Southern Ghor District Teachers to Increase the Motivation among Secondary Stage Student in English Language (Published)

This study aims at identifying the methods followed by the Southern Ghor District teachers to increase the motivation among secondary stage students in English language, as well as identifying the most modern methods that can be followed to provoke the students’ motivation in this sensitive phase of the student’s age. The present study also focused on the importance of learning motivation and the factors that influence this motivation. The researcher has chosen the study sample from the English language teachers in the southern Ghor District, specifically the secondary stage teachers who have long experience in teaching this age group for no less than two successive years. The study produced a number of significant results and recommendations, and most importantly the presence of disparity in the rates of using the methods of provoking motivation by the secondary stage students and that there are no statistically significant difference in using those methods due to the variables of the study sample (gender, experience, academic degree). The researcher also recommends the necessity of activating the role of the governmental entities through the Ministry of Education in supporting teachers to increase the motivation of their students by the provision of the required material and tools, in addition to holding training courses and workshops for teachers to raise their efficiency is increasing the learning motivation of the students through the available material and tools at schools.

Keywords: English Language, Motivation, Southern Ghor District, Student, Teachers

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