British Journal of Education (BJE)

EA Journals

Entrepreneurship education

Indigenous Skills and Entrepreneurship Education: A Critical Blend for Sustainable Development in Nigeria (Published)

Generally, education is regarded as the most potent for achieving national development. This plausible statement clearly places education beyond any other sector in the onerous drive for national development. Sustainable development goals were articulated by the United Nations to fathom how far away countries are from achieving national development through the creation of National sustainable development strategies. While it is recognized that there are thousands (of unaccountable number) of strategies that could make education sustainable through the various tiers of education, indigenous skill elements are crucial in the delivery of entrepreneurship education for sustainability. Blending the potentials of both systems (entrepreneurship education and indigenous skills) is tantamount to forging sustainable development for the future.

Keywords: Entrepreneurship education, Indigenous skills, Sustainable Development, blend

The Relationship between Entrepreneurship Education and Students’ Entrepreneurial Intentions in Ogun State-Owned Universities, Nigeria (Published)

The alarming rate of unemployment in Nigeria has become a major national problem. To abate this problem, the Federal Ministry of Education made Entrepreneurship Education compulsory for all students of higher institutions in the country. This study therefore investigates the relationship between students’ exposure to Entrepreneurship Education and their career entrepreneurial intentions in Ogun State-owned universities. Six hypotheses were generated for the study. The population comprises all final year undergraduates, with a sample of six hundred and nine. Three research instruments were used. The data collected were analysed using descriptive statistics, Pearson Product-Moment Correlation Coefficient, T-test and ANOVA. Findings revealed that Entrepreneurship Education significantly influences students’ Entrepreneurial intentions. It was recommended among others that Entrepreneurship Education should be practical-oriented so as to have greater participations in classroom interactions which would further enhance motivation.

Keywords: Entrepreneur, Entrepreneurial Intentions, Entrepreneurship, Entrepreneurship education, Motivation

Relevance of Entrepreneurial Studies as Perceived by Vocational Education Undergraduate Students in Nigeria (Published)

This study investigated the perception of undergraduate vocational education students on the relevancy of entrepreneurial Studies in Ekiti state. In order to elicit information required for this study, three research questions were developed and answered while two null hypotheses were formulated and tested at 0.05 level of significance. A 17 item structured questionnaire titled vocational education students’ entrepreneurial studies perception (VESESP) was developed for data collection. Survey research design was adopted for the study. The sample for the study was 84 respondents made up of 97 male and 49 female vocational educational students in the two institutions running vocational education programs in Ekiti state. Face and content validity were carried out on the structured questionnaire by two experts in vocational and technical and education. The Cronbach alpha method was used to compute the reliability of the questionnaire to obtain a co-efficient of 0.79. Mean and standard deviation were used to analyse the research questions while t-test statistics and ANOVA were used to test the hypothesis. Based on the data collected and analysed, it was discovered that majority of respondent view entrepreneurship education as desirable and that entrepreneurship education prepares students very well for future entrepreneurial careers, there were also no significant differences among students running various degree programmes among other findings. However, it was also observed that there are various challenges facing entrepreneurship education as perceived by the students, this includes; students not having the opportunity to interact with high level entrepreneurs, inability of students to be able to prepare business plan after attending entrepreneurship education classes among others. Recommendations were thereafter made on ways to improve on entrepreneurship education courses in order to achieve the desired objectives of making vocational and technical education graduates to be job creator rather than job seekers.

Keywords: Entrepreneurship education, Perception, Undergraduate Students, Vocational education

Entrepreneurship Education in Nigerian Tertiary Institutions: A Remedy to Graduates Unemployment (Published)

Study investigated exposure of under-graduates students to entrepreneurial education for post-graduation job creation ability. The population consisted all the final year students of Educational Administration, Ebonyi state University 2013/2014 academic year totaling 200 respondents. The population served as the sample size. The instrument was a structured questionnaire, subjected to face and content validation by experts in Educational Administration; Measurement and Evaluation units, test for reliability yielded a reliability coefficient of 0.79. Pearson Product Moment Correlation (r) statistics and population t-test of analysis were used to analyze the data at 0.05 alpha level. The findings showed a significant relationship in the three hypotheses. The result implies that entrepreneurial education is relevant to students with regard to equipping them with skills for post-graduation job creation ability rather than job seekers. The study recommended collaborative efforts of National University Commission with Department of Educational Administration to identify other entrepreneurship programmes to address graduate unemployment on graduation.

Keywords: Entrepreneurial Skills, Entrepreneurship education, Innovation and Competency., Job Creation, Unemployment


In recent time, research studies have shown that entrepreneurship education is necessary for gainful self-employment and self-reliance. The researcher has also observed that self-reliance on the part of graduates is still a mirage. In the Nigerian socio-economic context, youth employment ratio is also on the increase. The study investigated how our graduates are getting along about employment, job creation and entrepreneurship development. Two research questions guided the study. The questionnaire titled Entrepreneurship Education and Job Creation Questionnaire (EEJCQ) of 5 likert scale of 1 to 10 was used for data collection. The data was analyzed using population t-test. The results were tested at 0.05 level of significance with a degree of freedom 549. The results revealed that career intervention in four dimensions of entrepreneurs’ skills, and level of skills acquired after completing entrepreneurship course are significantly very high. Based on the findings, it was recommended that more emphasis should be placed on technical and vocational education and training. Provision of infrastructures like electricity; qualified professional teachers for quality teaching; equipment of trade laboratories and workshops to support the teaching of entrepreneurship courses in the University.

Keywords: Entrepreneurship education, Graduate Employment, Job Creation


The study was carried out to determine strategies for revitalizing the implementation of entrepreneurship education in Technical, Vocational Education and Training (TVET) to enhance self-employment in Nigeria. The study adopted a survey research design. Three research questions were formulated to guide the study. The population was made up of 61 Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) administrators and 96 entrepreneurs in Small and Medium Enterprises SMEs in the geo-political zones covered by the study. The instrument was face-validated by five TVET experts in University of Nigeria, Nsukka. Cronbach Alpha was used to establish the reliability and a reliability coefficient of 0.85 was obtained. Mean and standard deviation were used to analyse the data collected. The study found strategies for revitalizing the implementation of entrepreneurship education in TVET as well as the basic entrepreneurship skills for self-employment and the challenges of revitalizing entrepreneurship education implementation in Nigeria. It was recommended that government should create an enabling environment for smooth running of the laudable entrepreneurship education programme Teachers in TVET should adapt to changes by making themselves available for training and re- training on the nitty-gritty of entrepreneurship education

Keywords: Entrepreneurship education, Implementation, Revitalizing, Self-employment, Technical, Vocational Education and Training (TVET).

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