Vocational and Technical Education Orientation and Instruction for Job Creation among Youths and the Unemployed in Nigeria (Published)
The paper looked at vocational and technical education orientation and instruction for job creation among youths and the unemployed in Nigeria. Vocational and technical education is the foundation upon which the skills of workforce are built, without a great further progress in vocational and technical education orientation and instruction, we cannot hope for future employment and reliant graduates with the required skills and flexibility for a fast growing industry in the global age. Vocational and technical education as an instrument for job creation for youths and unemployed in Nigeria. It is on this recognition that the researcher focused attention on the following sub-headings to address the topic: Rationale for vocational and technical education orientation and instruction; vocational systems packages for instruction; utilization of equipment and facilities for instruction for job creation; vocational and technical education orientation and instructional methods for job creation among youth and unemployed; and problems of vocational and technical education orientation and instruction. It was based on these reviewed literature that recommendations were made for job creation for youths and unemployed, It was recommended that adequate fund should be made available to fund the orientation and instruction of vocational and technical education programme for job creation for youths and unemployed among others.
ENTREPRENEURIAL, TECHNICAL AND VOCATIONAL SKILLS REQUIRED FOR SELF-RELIANCE AND JOB CREATION IN NIGERIA (Published)
This paper was set to examine entrepreneurial, technical and vocational skills required for self-reliant and job creation. The relevance and appropriateness of the entrepreneurial, technical and vocational education curricula for preparing individual for the world of work is not reviewed on a regular basis. Over the years as a result of industrial revolution, new machine, tools were manufactured for production in the company are now outdated. The industries are concerned about inadequate qualification of trained personnel and unemployable graduates that are roaming the street of the nation. Equally, educational institutions are reluctant to revise their curricula. They tend to stick to traditional and theoretical teaching, using outdated materials. Curricula of entrepreneurial, technical and vocational education review commissions are to look at the possibilities of identifying viable skills and initiatives for the acquisition of skills for self-reliant and job creation. The paper pointed out inadequate infrastructure, issues of technology, teaching students theoretically and government interference as challenges that are hindrances to the promotion of skill required for self-reliance and job creation. It also addressed strategies for self-reliance required for skills acquisition with some recommendations suggested that a combined curricula committee should be setup to x-ray the issues of skills among others.
STRATEGIES FOR REVITALIZING THE IMPLEMENTATION OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP EDUCATION IN TECHNICAL, VOCATIONAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING (TVET) TO ENHANCE SELF-EMPLOYMENT IN NIGERIA (Published)
The study was carried out to determine strategies for revitalizing the implementation of entrepreneurship education in Technical, Vocational Education and Training (TVET) to enhance self-employment in Nigeria. The study adopted a survey research design. Three research questions were formulated to guide the study. The population was made up of 61 Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) administrators and 96 entrepreneurs in Small and Medium Enterprises SMEs in the geo-political zones covered by the study. The instrument was face-validated by five TVET experts in University of Nigeria, Nsukka. Cronbach Alpha was used to establish the reliability and a reliability coefficient of 0.85 was obtained. Mean and standard deviation were used to analyse the data collected. The study found strategies for revitalizing the implementation of entrepreneurship education in TVET as well as the basic entrepreneurship skills for self-employment and the challenges of revitalizing entrepreneurship education implementation in Nigeria. It was recommended that government should create an enabling environment for smooth running of the laudable entrepreneurship education programme Teachers in TVET should adapt to changes by making themselves available for training and re- training on the nitty-gritty of entrepreneurship education