The Role of School in the Development of the Students’ Reading Skills and Its Relationship to the Academic Achievement (A Case Study to the Basic School of Al-Fadil Bin Abbas) (Published)
The present study aimed at identifying the role of school in the development of the students’ reading skills and its relationship to their academic achievement. In order to achieve the goals of the study, the researcher followed the descriptive analytical approach where upon the study sample consisted of (125) students from the overall population of the study which reached at (1498). Following the application of the study tool, the researcher came to a result which indicates the presence of an effective role to the school in the development of the students’ reading skills. Moreover, it stated that there is a positive direct relationship between the students’ reading skills and their academic achievement. The researcher recommended the necessity of spreading awareness among the Arabic language teacher of the importance of enabling their students of the basic reading abilities before teaching them the principles of syntax, semantics and criticism or else.
Introduction: Medical school is stressful throughout all courses of practicing which may contribute to the student’s unhealthy lifestyle patterns. The primary goal of the study is to assess the healthy habits practice among Taif University medical students and its relation to academic level. Methods: A cross-sectional study of the medical students from the second to sixth year at Taif University School of Medicine, Taif, Saudi Arabia that was conducted between December 2015 and January 2016. We used a Lifestyle Assessment Inventory questionnaire to assess the healthy habits. Each positive healthy response from each participant was counted as 1 point with a maximum score of 24 points. Those scored>18 points were considered to have very healthy lifestyle. Result: A total of 204 student with a mean age of 22.1 years, and majority of them were 5th year student. 52.9% reports unhealthy lifestyle patterns. Compared to the junior medical students, senior medical students were more likely to be older (p <0.001), more likely to reports very healthy lifestyle (p <0.011), walk more than junior (p 0.454), play less sport (p 0.856), find it easier to relax (p 0.331), more able to cope with daily stress (p 0.713), less likely to use seat belt (p 0.226), less likely to over speed (p 0.648), more likely to report optimal sleep (p 0.568), reports less family support (p 0.006), less likely to have close friends (p 0.009), less likely to smoke (p <0.001),less likely to reports eating 3 balanced meals per day (p 0.0403) (Table 2). Conclusion: Overall, 52.9% of the screened students reports unhealthy lifestyle patterns. Seniors were significantly less likely to report social support, smoke and to use tobacco products.
Methods Followed By the Southern Ghor District Teachers to Increase the Motivation among Secondary Stage Student in English Language (Published)
This study aims at identifying the methods followed by the Southern Ghor District teachers to increase the motivation among secondary stage students in English language, as well as identifying the most modern methods that can be followed to provoke the students’ motivation in this sensitive phase of the student’s age. The present study also focused on the importance of learning motivation and the factors that influence this motivation. The researcher has chosen the study sample from the English language teachers in the southern Ghor District, specifically the secondary stage teachers who have long experience in teaching this age group for no less than two successive years. The study produced a number of significant results and recommendations, and most importantly the presence of disparity in the rates of using the methods of provoking motivation by the secondary stage students and that there are no statistically significant difference in using those methods due to the variables of the study sample (gender, experience, academic degree). The researcher also recommends the necessity of activating the role of the governmental entities through the Ministry of Education in supporting teachers to increase the motivation of their students by the provision of the required material and tools, in addition to holding training courses and workshops for teachers to raise their efficiency is increasing the learning motivation of the students through the available material and tools at schools.
EFFECTS OF COGNITIVE AND RATIONAL EMOTIVE BEHAVIOUR THERAPIES ON DRUG ABUSE OF SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN IBADAN (Published)
This study investigated the effects of cognitive behaviour therapy and rational emotive behaviour therapy on drug abuse of senior secondary school students in Ibadan, Nigeria. The study adopted a pretest-posttest, control group Quasi-experimental design. Multi-stage sampling technique was used to select 120 participants from three randomly selected secondary schools in Ibadan. The participants were randomly assigned to treatment and control groups. The two treatment groups were exposed to eight-week training in cognitive behaviour and rational emotive behaviour therapies, while participants in the control group received no training. One validated instrument: School Drug Abuse Rating Scale (DARS) as used and four hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. Data were analysed using Analysis of Covariance and MCA. The results of the study revealed that there was significant main effect of treatment on the ability of student’s to overcome their drug abuse challenges (F (3,116) = 6.613, p < .05).Also, the findings indicated that Cognitive Behaviour and Rational Emotive Behaviour Therapies were effective in effecting a behavioural change in students with challenges of drug abuse. Likewise, the result further revealed that there was no significant difference in the main effect of age between (younger and older); gender (male and female) on the drug abuse act of student participants. Also, the three way interaction effect of treatment with age and gender was not significant. Therefore, school authorities should adopt the two interventions as to effectively manage the challenging issue of drug abuse among secondary school students’ in school