Pre-Reading Activities and Their Effects On English Reading Comprehension of ESL Basic School Pupils (Published)
The study sought to ascertain the effect of pre-reading activities on the English reading comprehension of upper primary pupils in Ho-West Basic Schools of the Volta Region of Ghana. The study adopted the concurrent mixed method design which aimed at gathering both quantitative and qualitative data simultaneously. The sample size of the study consisted 18 upper primary teachers and 99 upper primary pupils. The sample was drawn using census, simple random and purposive sampling techniques. A structured questionnaire and semi-structured interview guide were used to collect quantitative and qualitative data respectively. Questionnaire data were analysed using frequencies, percentages, means, and standard deviation while the interview data were thematically discussed. The findings showed that pre-reading activities motivate and sustain pupils’ interest in the actual reading activity. They also activate the building of related information in such a way that new information is easily assimilated into learners’ existing fields of knowledge. Though pre-reading activities play a critical role in the reading comprehension classroom, the study revealed that a significant number of teachers do not use them. The few who do, neither use a variety of them nor use them regularly. The study recommends that curriculum developers and implementors should incorporate appropriate and regular pre-reading activities for assigned texts in the reading comprehension classroom.
Citation: Agbevivi S.L.G and Adogpa J.N. (2022) Pre-Reading Activities and Their Effects On English Reading Comprehension of ESL Basic School Pupils, British Journal of Education, Vol.10, Issue 16, 51-66
Vocabulary knowledge is essential to language development and use in second language acquisition. As an important part of foreign language learning, incidental vocabulary acquisition has been paid much attention by experts and scholars. In the process of incidental vocabulary acquisition, the main input methods include reading, listening, reading-while-listening and audio-visual input. Based on the experimental demonstration of the three input methods of incidental vocabulary acquisition, this study summarizes the research results of incidental vocabulary acquisition at home and abroad, and puts forward some suggestions for future research on incidental vocabulary acquisition.
Impact of early reading skills and teachers perceptions in English as a foreign language using ICT: Evidence from Vietnam (Published)
This study aimed to identify the early reading skills in English as a foreign language via information and communication technology in Vietnam as well as early childhood student teachers perception. Currently, information and communication technology and part of the teacher’s perception in the classroom practices performed an effective role in the learning aptitude of students and enhanced their reading skills in English as a foreign language. The nature of the study was cross-sectional and data were collected from 100 students and teachers from Hanoi National University of Education. The output of the study revealed that more students were agreed and had a positive perception towards the uses of information and communication technology in teaching reading in English as a foreign language. The results also indicated that teachers used the best skills and strategies to enhance children’s vocabulary in the classrooms. Lastly, findings indicated that students faced a lack of resources and technical support as significant barriers. Implications for early childhood pre-service teacher training and educational policy are discussed.
Examining reading and writing approaches used in the teaching of reading and writing abilities in South Africa (Published)
The education-specific policy on language in South Africa lays emphasis on teaching, use and promotion of all official languages, through what is described as additive multilingualism. Mother tongue is universally acknowledged as the most effective way to function both cognitively and socially. The focus of the paper is on the methods used to teach reading and writing in Grade One. The study was conducted at four different Primary Schools where Sepedi is the Language of Teaching and Learning (LOLT). Observations, interviews and document analysis were used for data collection. The findings was that teachers resort to two to three methods i.e. whole class reading, paired reading and reading aloud of which does not yield good results. There are also challenges which contribute to the abovementioned issue: lack of resources, lack of parental involvement and overcrowded classes to name a few. The aim of this study was to establish how reading and writing in Sepedi as the home language was taught in Grade One in Mpumalanga Province primary schools in rural areas. A qualitative approach utilising an interpretive design was used. The findings indicated that teachers resorted to few and same strategies for teaching reading. In addition, findings support the notion that there are challenges in teaching reading in Grade One.
The Role of School in the Development of the Students’ Reading Skills and Its Relationship to the Academic Achievement (A Case Study to the Basic School of Al-Fadil Bin Abbas) (Published)
The present study aimed at identifying the role of school in the development of the students’ reading skills and its relationship to their academic achievement. In order to achieve the goals of the study, the researcher followed the descriptive analytical approach where upon the study sample consisted of (125) students from the overall population of the study which reached at (1498). Following the application of the study tool, the researcher came to a result which indicates the presence of an effective role to the school in the development of the students’ reading skills. Moreover, it stated that there is a positive direct relationship between the students’ reading skills and their academic achievement. The researcher recommended the necessity of spreading awareness among the Arabic language teacher of the importance of enabling their students of the basic reading abilities before teaching them the principles of syntax, semantics and criticism or else.