British Journal of Education (BJE)

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The Administrator as a Stressor: A Study of the Administrative/Supervisory Behaviour of College Principals in Imo State, Nigeria. (Published)

This study focused on the relationship between the administrative behavior of college principals in Imo State, Nigeria and Teachers’ stress. This investigation was necessitated by the fact that high level of job stress has been linked to low level of productivity, and high death rate among college teachers in Imo State. In carrying out the investigation, a survey design was used for the study. The population of the study was made up of teachers in Imo State while 61 teachers constitute the sample size for the study. Structured questionnaire was used for collection of data for the analysis while the statistical methods adopted for the study were mean, standard deviation, simple percentages and t-test. The 0.05 level of level of significance was used for retaining or rejecting the three hypotheses formulated for the study. Findings of the study revealed that there is a significant relationship between principal’s administrative behaviour and teachers’ stress. Based on the above findings, the study recommends that school administrators such as the principals should take into cognizance their behavioral patterns and styles of leadership that would enhance staff morale and job satisfaction, thereby reducing teachers’ stress and improving good health.

Citation: Nwachukwu G.O. (2023) The Administrator as a Stressor: A Study of the Administrative/Supervisory Behaviour of College Principals in Imo State, Nigeria, British Journal of Education, Vol.11, Issue 5, 12-29

Keywords: Principal, Stress, Teacher, administrative behaviour, administrator, stressor

Impact of the evaluation of teaching devices on the professional conceptions of teachers and school administrations in Senegal: the case of five groups of elementary school in Dakar (Published)

Citation: Mamadou Vieux Lamine Sane (2022) Impact of the evaluation of teaching devices on the professional conceptions of teachers and school administrations in Senegal: the case of five groups of elementary school in Dakar, British Journal of Education, Vol.10, Issue 5, pp. 40-58

The purpose of this article is to identify characteristics of the work situation that could encourage or increase the commitment of teachers and curriculum is defined according to two modalities characterizing the organization of teaching work in the school facility: cellular versus integrated. A process for evaluating teachers’ and school administrations’ conceptions is then developed with reference to this organization of school career paths. The empirical study focuses on 5 primary school teams trained for three years in the development and evaluation of their collective arrangements. An analysis of the responses (N == 64) to a questionnaire enabled us to compare the trainees’ conceptions with those of other teachers. The results show that the tested system modifies the perceptions of the practitioners in order to better take into account the inputs of the two professional groups (teachers and principals) involved in the curriculum, the diversity of the learners and the inclusion of a personal practice improvement dynamic.


Keywords: Assessment, Curriculum, School Administration, Teacher

Determinants of Teacher Motivation and Job Performance at Senior High Schools in Greater Accra Region, Ghana (Published)

This study aimed to investigate the factors affecting teacher motivation and job performance/productivity at senior high schools in the Greater Accra region, Ghana. The study is quantitative in nature and survey approach was employed to gather data from 676 respondents out of sample size of 700. Descriptive statistical test as well as Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) and Confirmation Factor Analysis were used to analyze the data obtained from the respondents. In addition, tools such as mean, standard deviation, frequency and Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) were employed. The study found that motivations of teachers are low due to the lack of such variables as medical allowance, accommodation allowance, pension scheme, career advancement, recognition and low level of salary compare to their colleagues with the same qualifications in other government’s institutions and this is impacting negatively on their job performance. It was suggested by the teachers that major paradigm shift in Ghana education policies in connection to factors such as school governance, remuneration, safety and security, as well as assessments and evaluations needed to be revised for an improved performance.

Keywords: Determinants, Ghana, Job Performance, Motivation, Senior High Schools, Teacher

Effective Classroom Management: A Panacea for Enhancing Students Learning Experience and Satisfaction in Higher Education (Published)

Classroom is a very important school physical plant designed to achieve quality teaching and learning for the improvement of standard in education. The purpose of this study is to determine how effective classroom management can enhance students’ learning experience and satisfaction in higher education. Classroom is characterized by high expectations, excellence, standards and caring environment. It is specifically meant for special qualitative interactions, facilitation and pedagogical instructions between the teachers and the students and where this is not obtainable, distractive environment erupts. This distractive environment has greater influence on participants regardless of how the students are organized for learning or what educational philosophy and pedagogy teachers espouse. Classroom learning friendly environment promotes high academic learning, experience, satisfaction, morale tone of the learner and attainment of goals in higher education. This can only be achieved through effective classroom management. The teacher as the chairman of classroom affairs has the duty and obligation to ensure efficient and effective classroom management strategies. He must take cognizance of variance and differences in the student’s background (i.e. ideas, goals, socio – economic, preferences, abilities and religion etc.). These make teacher’s role more challenging. The classroom teacher must be skillful in learning management in order to succeed. The justification of this research and aim of classroom management is to maintain positive, productive and friendly learning environment. This is very necessary because there cannot be effective teaching and learning process without an effective classroom management. This paper discusses the concepts of management, classroom management, purpose of classroom management, effective classroom management, principles of teaching, characteristics of teaching and ethics. It also recommends that teachers should imbibe the ethics of effective classroom management for the enhancement of students learning experience and satisfaction in higher education.

Keywords: Effective classroom management, Teacher, learner and learning environment

Mathematics Teachers’ Leadership Styles and Learning Motivation among Secondary School Students in Cross River State, Nigeria (Published)

The study investigated Mathematics teachers’ leadership styles and learning motivation as perceived by secondary school students in Calabar Education Zone of Cross River State. The study utilized descriptive research design. Three research questions were asked to guide the study. Sample size was five hundred and ninety nine (599) SSII students randomly selected  from 49 public secondary schools through stratified random sampling technique. Mathematics Teachers’ Leadership Styles and Learning Motivation Questionnaires (MTLSMQ) with reliability coefficient of 0.74 were used to gather data for the study. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics and multiple regression statistical technique. Result showed that there is significant positive relationship between teachers’ leadership styles and students learning motivation. Based on the findings, ,it was recommended among others that training programme on leadership and general attitude to work should be organized for mathematics teachers in particular and teachers in general. This will help them to realize that they are leaders in the classroom.

Keywords: Cross River, Leadership Style, Learning, Motivation, Students, Teacher

The Role of School in the Development of the Students’ Reading Skills and Its Relationship to the Academic Achievement (A Case Study to the Basic School of Al-Fadil Bin Abbas) (Published)

The present study aimed at identifying the role of school in the development of the students’ reading skills and its relationship to their academic achievement. In order to achieve the goals of the study, the researcher followed the descriptive analytical approach where upon the study sample consisted of (125) students from the overall population of the study which reached at (1498). Following the application of the study tool, the researcher came to a result which indicates the presence of an effective role to the school in the development of the students’ reading skills. Moreover, it stated that there is a positive direct relationship between the students’ reading skills and their academic achievement. The researcher recommended the necessity of spreading awareness among the Arabic language teacher of the importance of enabling their students of the basic reading abilities before teaching them the principles of syntax, semantics and criticism or else.

Keywords: Achievement, Reading, Student, Teacher

The Role of Religion in Value Education in Nigeria (Published)

The teaching of Christian religious knowledge is intended to lead the students to develop a critical mind and to imbibe the basic Christian religious tenets, hence there is need to transmit acceptable moral standards and to inculcate spiritual values in interpersonal and human relations in the society. In order to sustain sound human society, the survival of value education becomes imperative because of the nostalgia of the past, disappointment of the present and hope for the future generation. This paper therefore discussed extensively the concept of values education, objectives of values education, the role of religion in inculcating values, challenges of values education, relationship between religious instruction and values education. The paper was concluded by suggesting ways forward for a better society.

Keywords: Religion., Teacher, Value Education

How Should The Educatıon Of Thınkıng Be? “Thınkıng Wıth Multıdımensıonal Perspectıves” (Published)

The purpose of the education of thinking is to develop children’s ability to establish cause and effect relation and support their judging ability by making them think on concepts that are important for them. Thinking with different perspectives points out to the process which includes thinking about what lies behind the things in order to identify the meaning and purpose of a situation, researching the factors that affect the condition, analyzing, and thinking about what to do further. Thinking with different perspectives reveals a multidimensional thinking approach. For the development of thinking with multidimensional perspectives, it’s important to observe, compare, discover, deduce, communicate, interact, be motivated, be recognized socially, be independent, experience the nature, be supported by teacher/adults. The education of thinking with Multidimensional Perspectives can be carried out for people of any ages, from infants to adults. During the process of thinking with multidimensional perspectives, some topics such as self knowledge, knowledge of the others, being aware of a third person/object or a situation, group perspective, social and global perspective dimensions can be examined and situations/cases can be studied. In this study, five dimensions which are important for thinking with multidimensional perspectives are studied and information are presented with regards to Application Stages for Thinking with multidimensional perspectives.

Keywords: Child, Education of Thinking, Teacher

Regulatory Challenges in the Upgrading and Maintenance of Standards in Teachers’ Professionalism in Nigeria (Published)

The compliance with minimum regulatory standards in the practice of teaching is bound to promote a competent, dedicated and productive classroom teacher for character molding and qualitative education. In Nigeria, issues of professionalization of teaching have continued to suffer from setbacks resulting to poor remuneration, low self-esteem and quackery in the teaching profession. This scenario negates the promotion and achievement of functional educational system at all levels. This paper examined the challenges militating against the attainment of minimum regulatory standards in teaching despite its pioneering effort as the mother of all professions. It adopted the exporatory approach to examine the various trend analysis and used the institutional framework design through secondary literature and observation to justapose the structures of teaching with other professional bodies. Based on the challenges,it recommended the institutionalization of a professional body for the upgrading, coordination and enforcement of minimum regulations to benefit members in raising the status of the teaching profession to meet global competiveness.

Keywords: Code, Education, Ethics, Membership, Profession, Quality, Regulation, Standard, Teacher


This study was conducted to establish the influence of stress arising from motivation on professional effectiveness of secondary school teachers in Cross River State. The study adopted an ex-post facto design. Stratified random sampling technique was used to select sixty (60) schools out of two hundred and thirty (230) public secondary schools, while random sampling was used to select six hundred (600) teachers. Research data were collected through the use of 2 sets of self-developed and validated questionnaire titled: Motivation Inventory (MOI) and Professional Effectiveness Questionnaire (PEQ). MOI consisted of 21 items Likert-type scale with a alternative responses (very stressful, stressful, less stressful, not stressful). PEQ was a 28 items Likert-type scale with 4 alternative responses (very effective, effective, ineffective, less effective and has submits such as lesson presentation, use of instructional aids, classroom management, evaluation of students, learning motivation, supervision of co-curricular activities and professional/personal qualities. Both instruments has reliability index of 0.81 and 0.87 significance. Result obtained showed a significant influence of stress arising from (motivation on lesson presentation, use of instructional aids, classroom management and evaluation of students, supervision of co-curricular activities). Based on the finding, it was recommended among others that teachers should learn how to manage stressful situations by use of self-talk technique which enables an individual emit self-statements that may prompt coping behaviour

Keywords: Cross River State, Motivation, Stress, Teacher, professional effectiveness

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