The study investigates the concerning issue of unemployment among Nigerian graduates in recent years. Youth unemployment has come from the University’s incapacity to meet the needs of these graduates, as well as the promotion of economic, self-reliance, and self-sufficiency. In Nigeria, this has led in a rise in youth unrest. In addition, the purpose of this study is to investigate employability, with a focus on the relationship between education and employability, in order to evaluate whether employability can be improved through university education. The article goes on to highlight some employability skills and propose ways for universities to re-engineer themselves in order to obtain these capabilities for the benefit of our students and society as a whole.
Citation: Ossai A.G. and Okokoyo, I. E (2022) Managing University Education for Employability in Nigeria: The Way Forward, British Journal of Education, Vol.10., Issue 6, pp. 37-45
Women Art Education in Pakistan Universities: Based Upon the Interviews of Faculty Members (Published)
Art education has brought in significant changes in the field of art in Pakistan. However, there has been limited research concerning the extent to which women reached their goals in the art industry after graduation. Fifteen female teachers from three universities in Pakistan were used as the sample. The semi-structured interview was conducted to collect data in which the qualitative analysis of the interview protocols resulted in a codebook. Results from the study show that the teaching profession is the most preferable profession which suits Pakistan’s social, traditional, and religious values. Over recent years, the rising of many institutions that also offer art education has triggered the need for the services of an art teacher.
Future anxiety among Jordanian university students during the Corona pandemic in light of some variables (Published)
The present study aimed to identify the level of future anxiety among Jordanian university students during the Corona pandemic, as well as to identify the differences in levels of anxiety among university students in the absence of a number of variables. The study sample, who numbered (321) male and female undergraduate students at public universities in northern Jordan, the study found that the level of anxiety of Jordanian university students was high, and the study also found that there are differences in levels of anxiety among university students due to gender. The existence of differences attributed to each of the variable of the college and the academic year, and the study recommended a number of recommendations, the most important of which were: The need to conduct other studies on a larger scale to identify the real reasons behind the high level of anxiety among Jordanian university students.
Education is a prerequisite for youths to attain quality job, adequate and acceptable achievement. Every political dispensation is expected to provide good and quality education in any state or country. However, it appears that this is not to be, especially in most African countries. Leaders who should focus on quality education of the masses seemed to attach little or no importance to education and this could have great consequences for administration of tertiary institutions. The number of times these institutions were closed down seemed to spell doom for the tertiary and university education sector. It is on the basis of this that this study examined how university administration fared during various political dispensations in Nigeria at any point in time. The study found out that politics had not impacted much on administration of universities in Nigeria. It was therefore recommended that the administration of universities or tertiary institutions should be given the adequate attention and support that they deserve from government at all times. It was also recommended that heads of universities and tertiary institutions should be neutral and stay clear of partisan politics before and during their appointments.
Afolabi, Comfort Yemisi, Ekundayo, Haastrup T., Ogbiye, Cornelius A. (2020) Politics and University Administration in Nigeria, British Journal of Education, Vol.8, Issue 5, pp.15-25
Changes in Livelihood: Do Universities Make any Difference in their Host Communities through Corporate Social Responsibilities in Nigeria? (Published)
In Nigeria, there has been an unprecedented increase in the number of universities. These universities most often are sited in outskirts of urban centres but over the years these communities have become fully urbanized. The question is how has the sitting of the universities contributed to community development and change in the livelihood of its host community through corporate social responsibilities (CSR). The paper argued that community service which is one of the core mandates of university constitutes part of its CSR to its host communities. This paper focuses on two universities host communities in Rivers State Nigeria. Drawing on interviews and focus group discussion, the paper examines the benefits host communities to University of Port Harcourt and Ignatius Ajuru University of Education derived and the negative impact of sitting the of the presence of the university in the communities. The findings suggest a range of positive benefits to the host communities. However, they also highlighted a number of problems that may negatively affect the livelihood of the host community. The benefits include employment of the indigenes, access to quality education, health care and increase economic activities. The negative impacts are increase crime rate and population growth.
Managing Anger at Work Place Using Kogi State University as a Case Study: Counselling Implications (Published)
This study focused on the management of anger among workers of Kogi State University, Anyigba and it counselling implications. The population consisted of all the workers of Kogi State University, Anyigba. Four hundred workers were sampled for the study through purposive, stratified and random sampling techniques. The instrument employed was “Anger Management Strategies for Workers (AMSW)”. The test retest reliability of the instrument yielded a reliability coefficient of .69 which attests to its reliability. Four research questions and three hypotheses were generated for the study. The significance of the answers to the research questions were determined by the mean score and 2.5 was the benchmark. The hypotheses were tested using Analysis of Variance and T-test at .05 alpha level. The results revealed that most of the strategies for anger management were sufficient and a significant difference was found among the age groups in the management of anger. Counseling implications include the need for personal-social counseling for staff. It is recommended that there is the need to always give orientation to workers on assumption of duty and also to rekindle the counseling centre in the university.
Assessing the Leadership Styles of Male and Female Academics in Leadership Positions: Does Gender Matter (Published)
This study assessed the leadership styles of male and female heads of departments in a Nigerian State university. This was done to ascertain whether differences exist in the way both sexes lead and whether the way women lead account for their under representation in leadership positions. Data from both primary and secondary sources were utilized for this study. The primary data was derived through the administration of the Multifactor leadership Questionnaire (MLQ) on 90 randomly selected academic staff in subordinate positions from 7 purposively selected faculties in Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Nigeria. The retrieved data were analysed using both descriptive and inferential statistics in the form of percentages, means, Cronbach alpha and Mann Whitney U test. It was found that both the male and female heads of departments utilized more of the transformational (males x̅=4.35; females x̅=4.50), democratic (males x̅=4.15; females x̅=4.13), transactional (males x̅=3.76; females x̅=3.59) and laissez-fair (males x̅=3.29; females x̅=3.06) leadership styles, as evident in their high mean scores. There was no significant difference (P>0.)5) in the leadership styles of both sexes. Women were found to lead in ways that are effective and the styles they adopted did not account for their under representation. The study concluded that the university should develop strategies for increasing the number of women in leadership positions since they were found to lead in ways that are effective; and investigate the factors that account for their under representation.
Effectiveness of Innovative Policies to Enhance University-Industry Collaboration in Developing Countries. Towards Technical University-Industry Links in Ghana (Published)
In today’s global world, generating new knowledge and turning it into new products and services is a complex process that involves a broad range of actors. Transforming the results of scientific research into new commercial products is a shared challenge between researchers and industry to maximize the social and economic benefits of new ideas. Such partnerships contribute positively to address innovation market failures and help to realize the full social returns of research and development(R & D) investments. In recent times, the rise in global knowledge and technology has intensified the need for universities and industry to forge strategic partnership that goes beyond the traditional funding of research projects. World-class research universities are at the forefront of championing such partnerships to hone the competitiveness and competence of their institutions and the partnering companies to help address social challenges and drive economic growth. This study explores the priorities and scope of university–industry collaboration indeveloped and developing economies, motivation to form such collaborations and barriers to such cooperation. Finally, the study examines the effectiveness of these innovative policies to promote university-industry collaboration in developing countries.
Evaluation of the Impact of Science, Technology and Modernisation in Social Studies Curriculum on University Students (Published)
This study was designed to evaluate the impact of Social Studies course – “Science, Technology and Modernisation”, how it can be best delivered and learnt by university students. The novelty research was devised to ascertain how effective out-of-door activities and classroom interactive teaching and learning will have on students learning performance. The course is meant to develop in learners an attitude of re-examining society from the point of view of developments in science, technology and modernity. Four hundred students were involved in the study. Students were asked to answer pre-instructional, instructional and post instructional course questions. Unstructured interviews were also used for clarification of issues raised by students. The pre-instructional course questions were: (1) what do you know about “Science”, “Technology” and “Modernisation”?; and (2) what are the ideal teaching and learning techniques you will wished to be adopted in the classroom? The instructional course questions were: (1) what are your prospects for the course of study; and (1) what are the challenges you encountered during teaching and learning?. The post instructional course questions were: (1) what are the strengths of the teacher and the learners?; and (2) what are the achievements from the course of study?. These processes were employed to elicit responses from the students. Interpretative analytical approach was adopted to analyse the data collected. It was concluded that there was a strong consensus among students that the ideal participatory teaching and learning method, techniques and strategies they suggested to be used were later precluded by them. It was also revealed that majority of students were not in tune with the purely interactive and participatory lesson delivery approach. Based on the findings, the study recommended that favourable classroom atmosphere must be created, coupled with enforced cooperative teaching and learning techniques to enhance participation of students. Also, in order to ensure effective retention of concepts taught, students must be exposed to concrete and technological materials to practicalised the teaching of Social Studies. Educational / field trip should be incorporated in the teaching of Social Studies, especially when teaching the concepts “Science and Technology”. This will help students probe into issues concerning science and technology by using their observational, manipulative and investigative skills.
Purpose: This research paper aims to examine the Impact of University Motivated Environment on Students Learning. Design/Methodology/Approach: Keeping in view the objectives the University Motivated Environment factors has been taken. The study sample of 300 students randomly selected from different departments of Albaha university. The use of the likert scale and a questionnaire containing 35 items related to the university motivated factors were used to measure the impact. Popular statistical T-test ANOVA was applied by using SPSS software highlighting more detailed findings of the study. Findings: The results shows that students are not satisfied with the university motivated learning environment because the services and support provided by the university related to Library, Computer, Parking, Cafeteria, Bus, Air Conditioning, Sports, Lab equipments, Cleanliness, Light, Guidelines, Track Complaints, Website, Internet Wi Fi environment, Training and placement, Update curriculum according to need of Industry, Scholarships, Sufficient number of staff to serve students, Recruiting staff according to the need of students, etc are not proper or given which affect students learning environment. Statistical analysis shows that Hypotheses is accepted in all cases. Originality/value – The value of this research is that the university will improve the services from which students are not satisfied.