British Journal of Education (BJE)

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Strategies Used by Student Counsellors and Their Effectiveness in Promoting Student’s Self-Efficacy in Public Secondary Schools in Moshi District – Tanzania


This study examined the strategies used by student counsellors in promoting students’ self- efficacy among secondary schools. Guided by Self-Efficacy Theory, the study adopted convergent parallel design under a mixed research approach for data collection and analysis. The study adopted probability and non-probability sampling techniques to obtain 5 Head Teachers, 5 Student Counsellors and 127 students. Cronbach Alpha was adopted to test the reliability of the research instrument at (r) = 0.73 for the quantitative data aided by SPSS version 22; while qualitative reliability was ensured through detailed field notes, recording devices and by transcription. The quantitative data were analysed descriptively (frequencies, percentages and means) and inferential statistics using Chi-Square Statistical test and presented in form of tables. The qualitative data were coded to translate the responses into specific categories and themes for narration and direct quotations from the respondents. The study found that student counsellors used the following strategies which proved effective in enhancing students’ self-efficacy: encouraging students’self-verbalization, providing feedback on students’ efforts, encouraging teachers to provide activities that students can accomplish with a reasonable amount of effort, encouraging peer modelling, helping students to set goals, teaching students effective study skills and helping student to identify their areas of interest. Through Chi-Square test, the study found that there was a significant association between strategies used by student counsellors and the level of students’ self-efficacy. The study concluded that there was a positive relationship between strategies used by student counsellors and students’ self-efficacy which greatly influenced students’ academic achievements. Therefore, the study recommends that the head teachers should workout through the government to have more professional counsellors deployed in schools and that students should be encouraged to attend guidance and counselling sessions.

Citation: Mwiki A., Malusu J.M., Salema V. (2022) Strategies Used by Student Counsellors and Their Effectiveness in Promoting Student’s Self-Efficacy in Public Secondary Schools in Moshi District – Tanzania, British Journal of Education, Vol.10, Issue 15, 12-26

Keywords: Public Secondary Schools, Strategies., Students’ self-efficacy, student counsellors

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