Global Journal of Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences (GJAHSS)

EA Journals

Nigeria

The Relevance of Shari’ah to Curbing Insecurity in the North-Central Nigeria (Published)

The research is designed to establish the relevance of Shari’ah in curbing insecurity in the North-Central Nigeria with particular reference to Niger, Nasarawa and Plateau States. The study employed descriptive survey, various respondents comprising Islamic Religious Organizations, Muslim Law-enforcement agents, Shari’ah Court Judges and the Muslim society in the North-Central Zone.  Proportional sample technique was used to select five hundred and forty (540) for the study, while a total of fifty respondents from neighboring states of Niger for the purpose of pilot study. A reliability coefficient of 0.089 was obtained for all the forty-five (45) items in the instrument. The study found that there has been lack of commensurate disciplinary actions to crimes. The study also found that there is no proper knowledge and guidance of Islam. Added to these findings is that the entire life system of people is not guided by Shariah provisions. Based on this research, the researcher recommended among others that Shari’ah provisions should be well taught and understood with a view to curbing insecurity menace in the affected states.  Proper knowledge and guidance of Islam should be adhered to and imparted to people in the society with a view to curbing insecurity acts. Government in collaboration with stakeholders (community leaders, youth leaders and other leaders of Community based Organizations) should come up with lasting solutions to insecurity in their affected states and / or communities. Government should deploy security agents to insecurity vulnerable areas with a view to dislodging the banditry attacks.

 

Keywords: Insecurity, Nigeria, north Central, relevance of Shari’ah

The Role of Mass Media in Crisis Management in Nigeria (Published)

The role played by the media in the resolution of conflicts and crises cannot be overemphasized. The media has been a vital channel for resolving crises in society. The media has been construed as a two-edged sword that can either instigate a crisis or provide an avenue for resolving it. In other words, the influence of the mass media can be both positive and/or negative, depending on the mode and direction of use. Apparently, media influence has increased tremendously in the last decades, but there is no agreement among scholars and researchers on the degree and tenacity of its influence in managing and resolving conflicts and crises in society. The media, by right and duty, must provide citizens with accurate, comprehensive, unbiased, and high-quality information on the causes, effects, and possible resolutions to avert a further deepening of the crisis, which could lead to the destruction of lives, properties, and the economy. Put differently, the media are always known to set agendas for the public to follow; they do this by raising salient and critical issues as they unfold in society and bringing them to the public. The media set an agenda of peace, love, unity, etc. In recent times, Plateau State, especially Jos, has been characterized by one form of crisis or another, which in turn leads to the loss of lives and properties. This research work therefore attempts to examine the relevant role played by the media in resolving the lingering crises in Northern states, particularly Plateau State. In addition, the research examines the way and manner in which the media have been used to manage the crises in Nigeria. The aim of this study is to analyse the role of the media in crisis management in Nigeria. The specific objectives were to establish the media accessibility level and the various types of media coverage; to establish the extent to which media escalated and/or de-escalated violence; and to determine how media could influence selected human factors towards crises. The research utilized both primary and secondary source materials. Other reference materials, such as newspapers, the internet, and journals, were used to gather information about the activities carried out by the media in times of crisis. The research concludes that the media have a crucial role to play in de-escalating crises.

Keywords: Crisis, Crisis Management, Mass Media, Nigeria, Plateau State

Internally Displaced Persons in Nigeria: Durable Solution, Assessment and Reviews (Published)

The protracted internal displacement crisis in Nigeria has led to significant challenges for the affected population and has strained the country’s resources and infrastructure. This paper focuses on the issue of internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Nigeria, exploring the concept of durable solutions, the importance of comprehensive assessments, and the necessity of regular reviews in addressing their plight. The concept of durable solutions forms the cornerstone of addressing displacement crises, aiming to provide sustainable outcomes for IDPs. This study examines the three recognized durable solutions: voluntary return, local integration, and resettlement, and analyzes their applicability in the Nigerian context. It emphasizes the need for a holistic approach that considers socio-economic factors, security conditions, and the protection of IDPs’ rights. Comprehensive assessments play a vital role in understanding the needs and vulnerabilities of IDPs, facilitating informed decision-making and resource allocation. This study highlights the importance of conducting thorough assessments, including demographic data, living conditions, access to basic services, and psychosocial support. It emphasizes the role of government agencies, humanitarian organizations, and research institutions in undertaking these assessments to guide effective interventions. Regular reviews of displacement situations are crucial to monitor progress, identify gaps, and adapt strategies accordingly. This study emphasizes the significance of periodic evaluations of policies, programs, and interventions aimed at addressing internal displacement in Nigeria. It underscores the importance of stakeholder involvement, including IDPs themselves, in these review processes to ensure their perspectives are considered and their voices heard. Furthermore, the work acknowledges the challenges inherent in addressing the plight of IDPs in Nigeria, including limited resources, security concerns, and the complexity of the underlying causes of displacement. It emphasizes the need for a coordinated and multi-stakeholder approach, involving the government, humanitarian actors, civil society, and the international community, to achieve durable solutions for IDPs.

Keywords: Displacement, Idps, Nigeria, durable solutions, humanitarian disaster

Financial Indicators and Stock Market Performance in Nigeria (Published)

This study examined financial indicators and stock market performance in Nigeria. The low performance of the stock market has been attributed to so many factors, ranging from financial, macroeconomic to political and institutional. Hence, the study examined the relationship between financial indicators and stock market performance, using the econometric analytical technique. Annual time series data sourced from the Central Bank of Nigeria and Nigerian Stock Exchange were employed. Stock market performance was measured by all-share index while financial indicators were represented by stock market profitability, liquidity and efficiency. The bound testing and Autoregressive Distributed Lag model estimation techniques were employed for the analysis. It was revealed that a long run relationship exists among the variables in the estimated model. A positive relationship exists between market profitability, liquidity, efficiency and stock market performance in Nigeria with coefficients of 58.98, 879.58 and5152.51, respectively. The implication of the findings is that market profitability, market liquidity and market efficiency have positive impact on stock market performance in Nigeria. Hence, the study recommends that; there is need for implementing policy such as good corporate governance that will maximize profit for investors in the market, make it attractive and hence deepen the Nigerian stock exchange market; the provision of windows for firms to raise cash through issuance of new shares, debentures, loans and deposits,  when needed and enhance the ability of the firms to convert assets to cash to pay its current liabilities and its debt capacity;while a high trading volume should be maintained to enhance efficiency of the Nigerian capital market.

Keywords: ARDL, Nigeria, financial indicators, stock market performance

Impact of Entrepreneurship and International Trade on Economic Growth and Development in Nigeria (Published)

This study empirically investigates the impact of entrepreneurship and international trade on economic growth and development in Nigeria from 1990 to 2022. Domestic credit to private sector (DCPS), Exchange rate (EXR), Self-employment (SEEM), Total exports ((TEX), Total imports (TIM) and inflation rate (INFR)were used as dimensions of the independent variable while Real gross domestic product (RGDP) as the dependent variable. Annual time series data were obtained from secondary sources including the CBN annual statistical bulletin, World Bank development indicators. The Eview9 Statistical Software was employed to analyze the data empirically. The Unit root test shows that real gross domestic product, domestic credit to private sector, exchange rate, self-employment, total exports and total imports are all stationary after first difference I(1) while inflation rate was stationary at level I(0). The data were analyzed using the Autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL). The results of the ARDL estimates indicate that in the long run self-employment and total exports coefficients were positively signed and statistically significant which means that increase in self-employment and total exports in Nigeria will increase real gross domestic product (Economic growth) while total imports turned up with a negative sign and also statistically significant. It portends that total import has a negative impact on economic growth and development in Nigeria in the long run. The study recommends amongst others that government should promote entrepreneurship by providing credit and grants to encourage self-employment. Government should also encourage import substitution, promote exportation of locally made goods as this has positive impact on economic growth and development in Nigeria.

Citation: Adeyemo O. O.  (2023) Impact of Entrepreneurship and International Trade on Economic Growth and Development in Nigeria, Global Journal of Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences, Vol.11, No.4, pp.52-68

Keywords: Development, Entrepreneurship, International Trade, Nigeria, economic growth

Feet Washing (John 13:1-17) as a Paradigm for Christian Leadership in Nigeria (Published)

The washing of the feet is unique to the Gospel of John. In John 13:1-17, Jesus washed the feet of his disciples. Scholars have offered numerous interpretations of this pericope in their efforts to provide a better understanding of the pericope. However, putting together the grammatical, literary, philosophical, and theological analysis of some interpretations can be difficult because they do not fully capture the Johannine presentation of Jesus washing his disciples’ feet at the Last Supper. This piqued our interest, and we decided to contribute to the ongoing debate about whether Christians should wash their feet today. This article contends that the Johannine hupodeigma (see v. 15) implies more than an example for imitation, but rather a concrete and fundamental sign of Jesus’ perfect form of love by which Jesus victoriously conquers the world, completes the mission, and offers a part in his life for ‘his own’, thus challenging them to foster servant leadership. The Historical-Critical method is used in this article, with diachronic and synchronic approaches. It addresses literary issues in the text such as delimitation, textual analysis, and an examination of the text’s remote and immediate contexts. The importance of this work lies in the fact that it will add to the existing literature on John 13:1-17 and open up new avenues for future research on the subject.

Citation:  Jatau P.D. (2023) Feet Washing (John 13:1-17) as a Paradigm for Christian Leadership in Nigeria, Global Journal of Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences, Vol.11, No.4, pp.1-31

Keywords: Christians, Leadership, Nigeria, Paradigm, feet washing

Praying for Civil Authorities (1 Tim 2:1-7): A Contextual Study (Published)

Most exegetes regard 1Timothy 2:1-7 as a general command for Christians to pray for all people and kings or rulers. This paper will demonstrate how Paul exhorts the church in Ephesus to pray for all people, including kings, in order to fulfill God’s mission of bringing salvation to all humanity in the text under consideration. In the same vein, Christians in Nigeria must equally pray for themselves and civil leaders in order to exercise their mission in a country riddled with ills that dehumanize the image of God in the human person. To elaborate on the meaning of this passage, the grammatical structure of the text will be examined. This article argues that if 1Tim. 2:1-7 is read and understood, Christians in Nigeria would know that authority comes from God to humans, therefore they would appreciate and pray for civil authorities. Hence, the work uses contextual exegetical approach. This method combines rhetorical and literary analysis in the quest for theological meaning. Furthermore, it is a synchronic approach, this is because, it seeks to co-ordinate the different levels of meaning, the literary and theological, the historical and the hermeneutical with a  view to drawing out the meaning and message of biblical text at the level of its composition and for today.

Citation: Jatau P.D.  (2023) Praying for Civil Authorities (1 Tim 2:1-7): A Contextual Study, Global Journal of Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences, Vol.11, No.3, pp.16-38

Keywords: Authority, Christian, Civil, Nigeria, prayer

Praying for Civil Authorities (1 Tim 2:1-7): A Contextual Study (Published)

1 Timothy 2:1-7 is regarded by most exegetes as a general command for Christians to; pray for all people and kings or rulers. This paper will show how, in the text under consideration, Paul exhorts the church in Ephesus to pray for all people, including kings, in order to fulfill God’s mission of bringing salvation to all humanity. In the same vein, Christians in Nigeria must equally pray for themselves and civil leaders in order to exercise their mission in a country riddled with ills that dehumanize the image of God in the human person. The grammatical structure of the text will be examined to expound on the meaning of this passage. This article argues that if 1Tim. 2:1-7 is read and understood, Christians in Nigeria would know that authority comes from God to humans, therefore they would appreciate and pray for civil authorities. Hence, the work uses contextual exegetical approach. This method combines rhetorical and literary analysis in the quest for theological meaning. Furthermore, it is a synchronic approach, this is because, it seeks to co-ordinate the different levels of meaning, the literary and theological, the historical and the hermeneutical with a  view to drawing out the meaning and message of biblical text at the level of its composition and for today.

Keywords: Authority, Christian, Civil, Nigeria, prayer

Religion and Nation Building in Nigeria: A Critique (Published)

From its etymological definition, religion connotes relationship, bond and reverence. Ipso facto, it ought to be fundamental and a veritable tool for nation building, if nation building implies a systematic process of making a people with cultural and ethnic differences become integrated as one and feel belonged under one nation. Unfortunately, religion as it is practiced in Nigeria by the adherents of the dominant religions: Christianity, Islam and African Traditional Religion, rather than integrate the peoples of Nigeria, turns out to be one of the major causes of conflict and division among Nigerians. What is the reason behind this paradox? The philosophical method of critical analysis is employed to dissect the historical cause of this in view of finding lasting solutions. On this, the nature and mode of propagation of these faiths in Nigeria is identified as the major cause of the seed of division witnessed among these religions. If only the government and the religious leaders would liaise to educate the populace on the need for religious tolerance and freedom of worship, religion would have assumed its natural role of bridge building among the peoples of Nigeria.

Citation: Igbokwe A.C. (2022) Religion and Nation Building in Nigeria: A Critique, Global Journal of Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences, Vol.10, No.11, pp.37-46

Keywords: Nation Building, Nigeria, Religion.

Religion and Nation Building in Nigeria: A Critique (Published)

From its etymological definition, religion connotes relationship, bond and reverence. Ipso facto, it ought to be fundamental and a veritable tool for nation building, if nation building implies a systematic process of making a people with cultural and ethnic differences become integrated as one and feel belonged under one nation. Unfortunately, religion as it is practiced in Nigeria by the adherents of the dominant religions: Christianity, Islam and African Traditional Religion, rather than integrate the peoples of Nigeria, turns out to be one of the major causes of conflict and division among Nigerians. What is the reason behind this paradox? The philosophical method of critical analysis is employed to dissect the historical cause of this in view of finding lasting solutions. On this, the nature and mode of propagation of these faiths in Nigeria is identified as the major cause of the seed of division witnessed among these religions. If only the government and the religious leaders would liaise to educate the populace on the need for religious tolerance and freedom of worship, religion would have assumed its natural role of bridge building among the peoples of Nigeria.

Citation: Igbokwe A.C. (2022) Religion and Nation Building in Nigeria: A Critique, Global Journal of Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences, Vol.10, No.11, pp.37-46

Keywords: Nation Building, Nigeria, Religion.

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