Moderating Role of Board Size on Debt Capital and Firm Performance of Quoted Industrial Goods Companies in Nigeria (Published)
Financing sources of any corporate organization are a serious determinant of its performance because either equity or debt financing has its cost. The interaction between them has to be evaluated periodically. Against this background, this study establishes the Moderating role of board size on debt capital and the firm performance of industrial goods companies in Nigeria. The population of the study comprises the thirteen industrial goods companies quoted on the Nigeria Exchange Group (NGX). The population was wholly sampled for the study. Debt financing represented by debt-to-total asset was the independent variable, while, firm performance) was measured by return on assets (ROA). The panel data were obtained from the financial statements of the companies from 2012-2021. The study adopts a bi-model approach for clarity of presentation and analysis. The analysis was conducted with the aid of the pooled Ordinary Least Square Multiple Regression method and the result from Model I showed that debt capital has a significant negative effect on the firm performance of the sampled companies. The result from Model II indicated that board size has an insignificant positive moderating effect on debt capital and firm performance. The study recommends that the management of industrial goods companies in Nigeria should keep debt capital at its lowest to improve their performance.
The degree of corporate and market procedures, lack transparency, distortions and poor corporate practices which results in corporate failures and abysmal corporate financial performance negatively influence corporate objectives. Hence, this study investigated the effects of corporate governance mechanism on the value of deposit money banks in Nigeria. The study population consisted of all deposit money banks and Taro Yamene method of sample size determination was applied. The secondary data for the study was from the published financial statements of sampled banks for the period after validity and reliability test of data. The data obtained was tested using univariate, bivariate and multivariate analysis. The result from the multiple regression result disclosed that board independence, board size, ownership structure, gender diversity and board meeting positively and significantly influences the value of deposit money banks in Nigeria. The study concluded that corporate governance attributes positively and significantly affects the value of deposit money banks in Nigeria. The study made several recommendations amongst others that board sizes should be enhanced as this allows for the appropriate combination of directors. A large board increases the chance of directors having appropriate knowledge, skill and networks. The knowledge, skill and networks of directors may increase the financial performance of an organization. Also deposit money banks in Nigeria should have non-executive directors who act as professional advisers to ensure that competition among insiders encourages measures consistent with maximization of shareholder value.
The study examined board size and retained earnings of deposit money banks in Nigeria. The objective of the study was to ascertain the relationship between board size and retained earnings of deposit money banks in Nigeria. The study adopted an ex-post-facto research design, covering the period between 2010 and 2019. Secondary data were extracted from the annual reports and accounts of sampled deposit money banks in Nigeria. Total assets, total deposits, statutory reserves, and number of branches, were the control variables of the study. Multiple regression and covariance analysis were used for data analysis. The covariance analysis revealed that total asset (p-value < 0.05), total deposit (p-value < 0.05), and number of branches (p-value < 0.05) have a strong and positive relationship with retained earnings (80% approx., 78% approx., 64% approx. respectively). Statutory reserve (p-value < 0.05) and board size (p-value < 0.05) have a strong and negative relationship with retained earnings of deposit money banks in Nigeria with the following coefficients Statutory reserve 73% and board size 53% approx. The findings imply that as a total asset, total deposits, and the number of branches are increasing, the banks’ retained earnings also increase significantly and vice versa. On the other hand, as statutory reserve and board size are increasing, banks’ retained earnings decrease significantly. Hence, these variables can be used to predict and make decisions on retained earnings of deposit money banks in Nigeria. The study, therefore, recommends that deposit money banks in Nigeria should keep a small or moderate board size since an increase in board size affects their retained earnings negatively.
Responsiveness of Biological Assets to Board size, Firm size, and Firms’ age of Agricultural Firms in Nigeria (Published)
This study examined the responsiveness of biological assets to board size, firm size and firm age of quoted Agricultural firms in Nigeria. The specific objectives were to examine the effect of board size, firm size, and firm age on the biological assets of quoted Agricultural firms in Nigeria. An ex-post facto research design was used which made use of secondary panel data drawn from annual reports and accounts of the sampled firms for a period of ten (10) years, 2011-2020. Panel least squares were applied in the test of hypotheses. The result of the analysis showed that board size, firm size and firm age have an insignificant effect on biological assets. The implication is that none of the three variables can predict the increase or decrease in biological assets of agricultural firms in Nigeria. The study recommends that agricultural firms should maintain a robust board size so that they can continue to reap the benefits of the two good heads theory. Efforts should be made to ensure continuous firm growth because of the positive link it has with biological assets. Firms are encouraged to continuously effect changes in both assets and other activities that may be affected by the age of the firm. Management should maintain current innovations in the industry to attract new investors, boost productivity and enhance shareholders’ funds.
Citation: Nnajieze E.I., Igwe A.O., Nwabuisi A.O. (2022) Responsiveness of Biological Assets to Board size, Firm size, and Firms’ age of Agricultural Firms in Nigeria, European Journal of Accounting, Auditing and Finance Research, Vol.10, No. 11, pp.36-51
Audit Committee Characteristics and Financial Performance: A study of Listed Non-Financial Companies in Nigeria (Published)
This study examines the impact of audit committee characteristics (AC) on financial performance of listed non-financial companies in Nigeria from 2013-2020. A sample of seventy-six (76) companies listed as non-financial was drawn from the population of one hundred and thirteen (113) companies. Audited annual reports and accounts were used for data extraction. The analysis was done using descriptive statistics and multiple regressions. Explanatory research designed was adopted in the study to find out the impact of AC on financial performance. Variables used include AC proxy by ACIND, ACS and ACM as the proxies for independent variable and financial performances’ accounting and market based measures proxy by EPS and Tobin’s Q was used as the dependent variable. Robustness tests such as multicollonearity test, heteroscedasticity test, normality test and hausman specification test were conducted to validate the results. The study revealed that there is negative significant relationship ACIND and EPS, TQ and ACS has a significant relationship with EPS positively while a negative with TQ and lastly, ACM reported a positive significant relationship with EPS and a positive but not significant with TQ of listed Non-financial companies in Nigeria during the study period. Based the on the findings of the study, the study recommends that the management of the listed non-financial companies in Nigeria should ensure that AC should be made more effective by ensuring that members are made up of independent non-executive directors and the size of the AC should be optimal and lastly ensure that AC meetings are to be tailored towards relevant issues that enhance financial performance of the firm.
Environmental Disclosure and Financial Performance of Listed Non-Financial Companies in Nigeria (Published)
Citation: Junaidu Muhammad Kurawa and Kabiru Shuaibu (2022)Environmental Disclosure and Financial Performance of Listed Non-Financial Companies in Nigeria, European Journal of Accounting, Auditing and Finance Research, Vol.10, No. 2, pp.31-51
This study examines the influence of environmental disclosure (ED) on financial performance of listed non-financial companies in Nigeria from 2013-2020. A sample of seventy-six (76) companies listed as non-financial was drawn from the population of one hundred and thirteen (113) companies. Audited annual reports and accounts were used for data extraction. The analysis was done using descriptive statistics and multiple regressions. Explanatory research designed was adopted in the study to find out the influence of ED on financial performance. Variables used include the ED measured using ordinal coding scheme based on GRI guidelines (G4) focusing on environmental prevention expenditure disclosure(EN40), Waste disposal, emission treatment and remediation cost disclosure (EN41), Prevention and environmental management cost disclosure (EN 41) used as proxies for independent variable and financial performances’ accounting and market based measures proxy by earnings per share and Tobin’s Q was used as the dependent variable. Robustness tests such as multicollonearity test, heteroscedasticity test, normality test and Hausman specification test were conducted to validate the results. The study revealed that there is positive significant relationship between EPED, WDCD, PMCD and EPS while negative with TQ of listed Nigerian non-financial companies. The study therefore, recommends that the management of listed non-financial companies in Nigeria should create awareness on the importance of EPED, WDCD, PMCD and the other benefit that can be derived by a company and investors as a result of engaging in environmental activities as this may create good relationship between the company and the environment and consequently will improve financial performance. And also professional accounting bodies in Nigeria like the ICAN and the ANAN should key into introducing environmental and sustainability reporting into their mandatory professional education programs as this is a contemporary issue in accounting development this will help accountants to be trained on environmental accounting and reporting.
This study examines effect of drivers of corporate governance on shareholder value. Data from annual financial reports of listed manufacturing companies in Nigeria were analysed and tested using panel dynamic ordinary least square model and panel unit root tests. Most variables used as proxies for shareholder value responded positively to variations in audit independence while there is a non-significant effect of audit independence on all variables used as proxies for shareholder value. Board independence has a positive and non-significant effect on shareholder value whereas board size and audit size negatively and non-significantly affect shareholder value. The study further reveals that audit size, board size and board independence have negative and non-significant impact on the economic value added which represents the market value of shareholder assets. Only audit independence has a positive and non-significant impact on economic value added. Corporate governance drivers are efficacious but do not influence shareholder value significantly.
This study examined the relationship between corporate governance and the quality of auditor’s report with evidence from the Nigerian Banking Industry. The research design adopted for this study is the ex-post facto as the research relied on historic data. Eleven (11) deposit money banks quoted on the Nigerian Stocks Exchange were sampled. In testing our hypothesis, the correlation analysis was applied to a dataset covering seven (7) years from 2007 to 2014 that is the post-corporate governance period. Analysis suggests that while board composition has a negative and insignificant relationship with audit quality, separation of the roles of the CEO from that of the chairman of the board, board size, and composition of the audit committee has positive and significant relationship with audit quality. Furthermore, findings also show that ownership concentration has a positive but insignificant relationship with audit quality. Findings also show that the strength of the positive linear relationship between the separation of the roles of the CEO from that of the chairman of the board and the audit quality is as high as 0.702377 or 70.23% followed by the relationship between board size and audit quality which stood at 0.452896 or 45.28%. However, the study thus concludes that effective corporate governance arises out of responsible and simultaneous vigilant actions by the managers, the board of Directors, shareholders and auditors. Good financial Reporting from the external auditors is an important building block of corporate governance because the information provided to the shareholders has to be optimal in terms of cost and benefits. The study also recommends that the relationship between management and shareholders have to be characterized by transparency and fairness.
The objective of this study is to examine the determinants of audit report timeliness in Nigeria. Specifically, the study examines the effect of company size, profitability, complexity and audit firm type on audit report timeliness. The cross-sectional research design was adopted with an extensive reliance on secondary data. The data was source from annual reports of manufacturing companies quoted on the floor of the Nigerian stock exchange for 2010-2012. The ordinary least squares (OLS) regression technique was utilized as the method of data analysis. The finding of the study shows the following; (i) A significant relationship exist between board size and Audit report lag (ii) A significant relationship exists between board independence and Audit report lag (iii) A non-significant relationship exists between audit firm type and Audit report lag. It was also discovered that the time lag prescribed by the regulatory bodies are usually too much thus encouraging companies to engage in the act of delaying their financial statements. The recommendation is that in achieving the objective of making the financial statements readily available for making timely decisions, the Nigerian stock exchange, securities and exchange commission, the Financial Reporting council, the Central Bank of Nigeria and other regulatory bodies should put in place measures to ensure strict compliance with the laid down rules and regulations.