Responsiveness of Biological Assets to Board size, Firm size, and Firms’ age of Agricultural Firms in Nigeria (Published)
This study examined the responsiveness of biological assets to board size, firm size and firm age of quoted Agricultural firms in Nigeria. The specific objectives were to examine the effect of board size, firm size, and firm age on the biological assets of quoted Agricultural firms in Nigeria. An ex-post facto research design was used which made use of secondary panel data drawn from annual reports and accounts of the sampled firms for a period of ten (10) years, 2011-2020. Panel least squares were applied in the test of hypotheses. The result of the analysis showed that board size, firm size and firm age have an insignificant effect on biological assets. The implication is that none of the three variables can predict the increase or decrease in biological assets of agricultural firms in Nigeria. The study recommends that agricultural firms should maintain a robust board size so that they can continue to reap the benefits of the two good heads theory. Efforts should be made to ensure continuous firm growth because of the positive link it has with biological assets. Firms are encouraged to continuously effect changes in both assets and other activities that may be affected by the age of the firm. Management should maintain current innovations in the industry to attract new investors, boost productivity and enhance shareholders’ funds.
Citation: Nnajieze E.I., Igwe A.O., Nwabuisi A.O. (2022) Responsiveness of Biological Assets to Board size, Firm size, and Firms’ age of Agricultural Firms in Nigeria, European Journal of Accounting, Auditing and Finance Research, Vol.10, No. 11, pp.36-51
To succeed in the business world, organisations need to provide reliable and credible efforts to their stakeholders, to ensure that their business activities would not harm the safety of stakeholders in the area where they are operating. The operation of business conducts in recent time, changes drastically due to the emergence of an increasing number of external factors which impose on corporate performance. Hence, this study examined the impact of social costs on the financial performance of listed firms in Nigeria. The study adopted ex-post facto research designs. Secondary data sourced from the published annual reports of 52 firms, purposively selected for a period of 11 years (2008 to 2018), giving 572 firm-year observations. Data analysed by panel data regression of pooled OLS, random effects, fixed effects models and the Feasible General Least Squares (FGLS) regression for the objectives. Findings revealed that Social Costs (SOCO) had significant and positive effect on ROA (R2 = 0.42, β = 0.202, t(570) = 4.869, p < 0.05). In addition there is evidence that SOCO, firm age, firm size and leverage jointly exerted significant effect on ROA (Adj.R2 = 0.608, F(6, 565) = 5904.01, p < 0.05). The study concluded that social costs have a significant impact on the financial performance of listed firms in Nigeria. It recommended that the practice of elimination of social costs should be intensified by corporate firms to improve on their business reputation.