The poultry industry as the largest employer of labour in the organised private sector and contributes 25% to Nigeria GDP. Previous studies had not adequately been able to integrate the process of capturing performance of poultry business using the balanced scorecard performance pillars. Thus, this study examined the impact of financial re-engineering on corporate performance and the sub-variables of the poultry business in Nigeria. The study used survey research. 4,324 active farmers and major stakeholders in the poultry industry from Nigeria’s six geopolitical zones made up the study’s population. The Taro Yamane sample size formula was used to determine the sample size of 450 with a response rate of 84%. The range of the constructs’ Cronbach’s alpha reliability coefficients was 0.87 to 0.95. The data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential (multiple regression) analysis with a 5% level of significance. The findings revealed that all financial re-engineering proxies had a significant effect on financial performance (Adj. R2= 0.535, F(5,379) = 87.901, p < 0.05).The study concluded that the study concluded that financial re-engineering has significant effect on financial performance of the poultry business while the lag in the adoption of modern technology including the usage of artificial intelligence and robotics reflected in sub-optimal performance which need be focused for effective asset utilisation. The study recommended the introduction of standards that will aid the starting point of using financial results to drive the business and make credit availability easier in support of various government and non-governmental aids and grants.
Dada, S.O., Akintoye, I.R. and Alawode, O.P. (2023) Financial Re-Engineering and Financial Performance of Poultry Business in Nigeria, European Journal of Accounting, Auditing and Finance Research, Vol.11, No. 4, pp.60-86
Responsiveness of Biological Assets to Board size, Firm size, and Firms’ age of Agricultural Firms in Nigeria (Published)
This study examined the responsiveness of biological assets to board size, firm size and firm age of quoted Agricultural firms in Nigeria. The specific objectives were to examine the effect of board size, firm size, and firm age on the biological assets of quoted Agricultural firms in Nigeria. An ex-post facto research design was used which made use of secondary panel data drawn from annual reports and accounts of the sampled firms for a period of ten (10) years, 2011-2020. Panel least squares were applied in the test of hypotheses. The result of the analysis showed that board size, firm size and firm age have an insignificant effect on biological assets. The implication is that none of the three variables can predict the increase or decrease in biological assets of agricultural firms in Nigeria. The study recommends that agricultural firms should maintain a robust board size so that they can continue to reap the benefits of the two good heads theory. Efforts should be made to ensure continuous firm growth because of the positive link it has with biological assets. Firms are encouraged to continuously effect changes in both assets and other activities that may be affected by the age of the firm. Management should maintain current innovations in the industry to attract new investors, boost productivity and enhance shareholders’ funds.
Citation: Nnajieze E.I., Igwe A.O., Nwabuisi A.O. (2022) Responsiveness of Biological Assets to Board size, Firm size, and Firms’ age of Agricultural Firms in Nigeria, European Journal of Accounting, Auditing and Finance Research, Vol.10, No. 11, pp.36-51
Effects of Working Capital Management On Profitability of Manufacturing Firms Listed in Nairobi Securities Exchange, Kenya (Published)
This study examined effect of working capital management on profitability containing twenty manufacturing firms listed in Nairobi securities exchange. Kenya’s manufacturing sector has been hit by poor working capital management leading to unstable profits. Despite various scholars conducting studies concerning Kenyan manufacturing firms’ working capital, lack of consistence revenues require further examination on what causes these deviations. Current study was piloted by following specific objectives; Influence of inventories, receivable, payable, and cash managements on profitability of manufacturing firms. Theories that guided this study were: agency, transaction cost, and cash conversion cycle. Descriptive statistics was used on analysis especially, minimum, maximum, mean and standard deviation. Mathematical data evaluation involved inferential statistics. In addition, study model quantitative data was presented in tables. The study accepted census sampling method for collecting secondary data from population of 20 companies listed for five years from 2016 to 2020. Secondary details were found in financial statements of manufacturing firms and Nairobi Securities Exchange. Data was collected using checklist. The study recommended that manufacturing companies should estimate desirable quantity of working capital and concluded that increased working capital should match increased expenses, sales and revenue.
This study investigated the relationship between working capital management and profitability of industrial goods sector in Nigeria. Specifically, the variables of working capital management namely: Cash Conversion Cycle (CCC), Current Ratio (CR), Quick Ratio (QR) and Working Capital Turnover ratio (WCTR) and Return On Assets (ROA) were examined. Firms in the industrial goods sector were selected and their data sourced from the Nigerian Stock Exchange Factbook (2011-2020) and seventy (70) observations were obtained. The study revealed from the regression analysis carried out that a positive linear relationship exist between the variables of working capital management (CCC, CR, QR and WCTR) and ROA. CR was negatively and significantly related with ROA while, CCC and QR was positively but insignificantly related with ROA.WCTR shows a negative and insignificant relationship with ROA when tested at 0.05 level of significance. Based on the findings, it is recommended therefore, that listed industrial goods firms should adopt the management of their short term financial strength in boosting profitability.
The Effect of Efficiency and Liquidity on the Profitability of the Saudi Commercial Banks (Published)
This study aimed at finding the effect of efficiency and liquidity on the profitability of the Saudi Commercial Banks. The profitability as a dependent variable is measured by return on assets, return on equity, operating profit Ratio, net interest margin ratio and net interest income ratio. Meanwhile, the efficiency and liquidity as independent variable are measured by Cost to income, Loans to total assets, total customer deposits to total assets and Loans to deposits. The study sample included 12 banks for the period 2014 to 2020. A set of statistical tools and financial indicators were used to test the validity of hypotheses. The results indicated that first, second and fifth hypothesis were rejected and third and fourth were accepted. The study recommend that Saudi commercial banks should focus more on liquidity and follow appropriate policies to gain more profitability. Finally, more studies and research work are required in the same field.
Citation: Ahmad Mohammad Alamri and Ahmad Aref Almazari (2021) The Effect of Efficiency and Liquidity on the Profitability of the Saudi Commercial Banks, European Journal of Accounting, Auditing and Finance Research, Vol.9, No. 8, pp.1-13
Liquidity and profitability are two important variables in the banking industry. In this article, we studied. The impact of liquidity on bank profitability in the Tunisian context. We used a sample of 18 banks over the period (2000…2017). We employ 2 models of panel static in the empirical research. We found that (liquid assets / total assets) and (total credits / total deposits) have a positive and significant impact on return on assets (ROA) whereas (current assets / current liabilities) have not significant impact on ROA. Also, we found that (liquid assets / total assets), and (total credits / total deposits) have a negative and significant impact on ROE (return on equity). Whereas (current assets / current liabilities) have not significant impact on ROE.
This study examined the effects of financial innovation on the profitability of deposit money banks in Nigeria. the general purpose of the study was to examine the effect of financial innovation on the profitability while the specific objectives was to examine the effect of automated teller machine, electronic fund transfer, internet banking, mobile banking and investment on information communication technology on return on equity of deposit money banks. The study formulated four hypotheses and used panel data regression to analyze the secondary data extracted from the annual reports and accounts of the fourteen firms for the period 2009 to 2017. Return on equity was the dependent variables while automated teller machine, electronic fund transfer, internet banking, mobile banking and investment on information communication technology on return were the independent variables. Findings of the study revealed that automated teller machine and electronic fund transfer have negative relationship with return on equity while internet banking, mobile banking and investment on information communication technology have positive relationship with return on equity. The study recommends that deposit money banks should adopt financial innovations, deposit money banks invest in technological innovations and banks should transform banking service by adapting to mobile banking and agency banking so that not only to providing jobs but also increase market share.
In the business world, stakeholders are subject to several risks on investment including losing their venture. The existence of a healthy corporate structure is vital to the pursuit of the going concern objective of firms. This study investigates determinants of listed Deposit Money Banks’ (DMBs) survival in Nigeria. The sixteen listed DMBs in Nigeria as at December 2017 were used as the population and fifteen were sampled by applying a judgemental sampling technique. The study adopted descriptive and ex-post facto research design. The Emerging Market score (EM score) model was applied in the prediction of going concern status of sampled DMBs. The data used were obtained from the annual reports and accounts of the DMBs for 2007 to 2017 accounting periods. The data were analysed using Robust GLS Regression model. The study found that there is a positive and significant impact of liquidity, leverage, profitability, solvency and asset management on DMBs’ going concern (GC). This implies that, any increase in these determinants would lead to increase in GC of DMBs. With the adjusted r2 of 0.98 and F-value significance at 0.000 from the model used in the study, the study concludes that the independent variables in the EM score model are relevant in determining the GC of DMBs. It is highly recommended that DMBs should enhance their survival status (EM score of 5.48) by improving on their liquidity, profitability, solvency, leverage and asset management ratios to solidify their GC status.
Working Capital Management and Firm Profitability During and After the Economic Crisis among Malaysian Listed Companies (Published)
The main aim of this paper is to explore the working capital management components and examine their relationship with firm profitability among Malaysia listed companies during and after the global financial crisis of 2008-2009 and 2012-2013. Based on the descriptive results, Malaysian firms practice conservative working capital management techniques due to the fact that current ratio is high and debt ratio is low compared with prior studies.The multiple regression analysis on the 260 listed Bursa Malaysia companies shows a negative relationship between working capital management components (i.e. average collection period and average payment period) and firm profitability during and after the crisis periods. Moreover, cash conversion cycle negatively relates with firm profitability after the crisis. Inventory turnover days indicate a positive and significant relation with firm profitability during the crisis period. These findings suggest that Malaysian firms should try and collects cash from customers faster, pay bills as soon as possible and minimise the gap between initial investment and the time cash is collected from customers during both crisis and non-crisis periods. Nevertheless, management should maintain considerable level of stock to avoid shortage and supply interruption during the crisis
This paper seeks to examine the influence of process control on business performance of quoted manufacturing companies in Nigeria. Survey research design was adopted. Three (3) tentative assertions, hypotheses were formulated. The sample size was thirty-two (32) quoted manufacturing companies in Nigeria. Pearson product moment correlation and QSR-Nvivo aided the quantitative and qualitative data analysis respectively. The study findings indicated that process control has very positive relationship with business performance. In conclusion, profitability, effectiveness and efficiency adoption as proxies of business performance has been proven to be largely a function of process control. The study recommends that manufacturing firms should increase the control measure in the work process to ensure conformity and avoidance of deviations, in order to achieve higher performance in their operations.