International Journal of Education, Learning and Development (IJELD)

EA Journals


Perceived Influence of the Use of E-Learning Technologies in Teaching Business Education Courses in Public Universities in South-South, Nigeria (Published)

The study was carried out to determine perceived influence of the use of e-learning technologies in teaching and learning of Business Education courses in Public Universities in South-South, Nigeria. The study was guided by two research questions and two null hypotheses. The study adopted descriptive survey research design. The population of the study is two hundred and thirty two (232) Business Educators in public universities in South-South, Nigeria. The entire population of 232 Business Educators was studied. Structured questionnaire containing 45 item entitled “Perceived influence of the use of e-learning technologies in teaching of Business Education courses” were used for data collection. The instrument was validated by three (3) experts. The Cronbach Alpha Reliability coefficient was 0.97 and 0.91. Two hundred and thirty two (232) copies of instrument were distributed, 225 were successfully retrieved from business educators. Mean (X) and Standard Deviation (SD) were used in analyzing the research questions. The null hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance using t-test statistical tool. The findings showed that digital library and Google search engine have positive influence in teaching and learning of Business Education in Public Universities in South-South, Nigeria. The hypotheses tested showed that there is no significant difference in the mean ratings of business educators in Federal and State University on perceived influence of the use of digital library in teaching of Business Education in public universities and there is no significant difference in the mean ratings of the business educators in perceived influence of the use of Google search engine in teaching of business education in the public universities in the South-South geo-political zone of Nigeria based on school ownership (federal/ state). Based on the findings of the study, it was concluded that, the use of digital camera, digital library, video conferencing and Google search engine are believed to have influence in teaching and learning of Business Education courses in public universities in South-South, Nigeria. The study recommended among others that management of public universities in South-South zone of Nigeria should endeavour to adequately provide e-learning technologies identified in order to sustain e-learning in teaching and learning of business education courses. The educational implication is that the e-learning technologies for teaching and learning of Business Education courses influence teaching and learning of Business Education courses. Training and re-training of lecturers in the utilization of e-learning technologies should be adopted, because it will improve lecturers’ skills in business education courses and also help students to learn better and faster in the classroom.

Keywords: Business Education, Teaching, e-learning technologies

Imperativeness of Teacher Registration Council of Nigeria on Teaching Professionalism of Teachers in Secondary School in Nigeria (Published)

This paper examines imperativeness of Teacher Registration Council of Nigeria on Teaching   Professionalism of Teachers in Secondary   Schools. Teacher Registration Council act as for reaching implication for the teaching profession in post primary education in Nigeria contributed meaningfully to the teaching and learning of the students. However, this reality can be appreciated by the   fact the content of the TRCN Act is one and control with the contents of the Acts that established the council regulates the teaching. Presently, it is compulsory for all qualified and trained teachers to belong to the members after participated in examination and passed the examination.  Yet, anyone of the teacher who does not belong to their member is not qualified to teach especially public in secondary schools in Nigeria. In addition, TRCN improves teaching in all pubic secondary schools in Nigeria. Similarly, it also improves   the   academic   performance of   students. yet, it creates room for only qualified, trained and intelligent teachers in all secondary schools. Undoubtedly, Teacher Registration Council of Nigeria make the teaching as professionalism like other fields in Nigeria. Consequently, it does not create room for non – qualified teachers to teach the students in all public secondary in Nigeria.  

Keywords: Academic, Council, Performance, Profession, Registration, Secondary, Teaching, imperativeness, professionalism, trained

Contributions of the School in Teaching and Learning of Norms and Values in Nigeria (Published)

The paper examined the contributions of the school as an agent of socialization in the teaching and learning of norms and values which are two essential ingredients that can make a society secure and safe. It is revealed in the paper that, the current status of high crime waves as witnessed in society (i.e youth restiveness, examination malpractice, bribery and corruption, human trafficking drug abuse, banditry, kidnappings) among others, could be minimised if not eradicated when the school effectively and efficiently contributes its role. Teaching democratic principles such as: rule of laws, due process, liberty, peaceful coexistence, tolerance, teaching the need to appreciate the virtue of hard work as against the get rich quick syndrome among others, are some of the ways the school contributes to the teaching and learning of norms and values in Nigerian.

Keywords: Learning, School, Teaching, Values, norms

Effect of Improvised Chemical Models in The Teaching and Learning of Chemistry Among Senior Secondary Student Achievement in Makurdi Local Government Area (Published)

This study investigates the effect of improvised chemical model in teaching and learning of chemistry in Makurdi Local Government of Benue state. Three research questions and one research hypothesis was answered and tested at 0.05 level of significant, there was a significant different between student taught with improvised chemical model and those taught without improvised chemical models. Study made use of descriptive survey and experimental design. The population of the students comprise of 30 students from two secondary school.  The result of the findings revealed that the level of improvised chemical model for teaching and learning is very poor, since the improvised chemical model strengthen their verbal instruction and reduce the abstract nature of the chemical concept and the students perform very well when taught with improvised chemical models, therefore there is need for all the teachers to be involved in improvisation of chemical models for better understanding of their lesson.

Citation: Omale Onuh (2022) Effect of Improvised Chemical Models in The Teaching and Learning of Chemistry Among Senior Secondary Student Achievement in Makurdi Local Government Area, International Journal of Education, Learning and Development, Vol. 10, No.7, pp.52-61

Keywords: Chemistry, Learning, Makurdi LGA, Teaching, improvised chemical models, senior secondary student

How to Teach the Activating-Instructional-Text According to the Stages of the Pilot Model for Teaching the Written Presentation (Published)

This study is a part of a series of studies that deal with the method of teaching the skill of ‘written presentation’ that was devised in my Pilot Model research that was developed under the need to provide the teachers with new methods of teaching this to our students in a systematic, gradual method that is based on the students’ needs and the needs of the environment in current era. The Pilot Model of Teaching the skill of the written presentation consists of five stages: preparation, reading comprehension and acquaintance with the literary genre, vocabulary enrichment, the actual written presentation, and the stage of evaluation and correction. The student moves from one stage to the other gradually and ultimately, he controls the skill of writing a text that belongs to the literary genre under discussion. This study focuses on the Activating- Instructional-Text, which is a text that narrates organized and sequential measures of the manner of implementation of a certain work, which is arranged in a logical friendly format that enables the reader to implement the instructions accurately. Instructional-Texts are often accompanied by assisting pictures, drawings and illustrations. The language, however, is a clear and accurate and is derived from the reality of the subject under discussion. The results of the study show that this method is motivating, activating, encouraging and enriches creative thinking and promotes the students’ creative writing skills.

Keywords: Teaching, activating, instructional-text., pilot model, presentation, written

Why do early childhood education enrolment rates appear to remain stagnant in Saudi Arabia? (Published)

This report aims to analyze the importance of Early Childhood Education (ECE) in Saudi Arabia and why the enrolment rates of children at this age have not been growing and remain significantly low as opposed to other countries around the world.  This report discusses why Saudi Arabia continues to struggle with and has not been able to recognize and encompass ECE as a vital stage to begin learning. I looked into Saudi Arabia’s ECE past and present enrolment rates and the current vision for ECE based on the Saudi Vision 2030. In addition, I compared Saudi Arabia’s governance and access to ECE and pre-service education and recruitment policies for ECE educators with the UK.  Furthermore, I highlighted the implications of not taking advantage of ECE services on global assessments at later stages of learning based on secondary source data from these internationally recognized assessments – Trends in International Maths and Science Study (TIMMS), The Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS) and Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA).  The evidence gathered in this report portrays that Saudi Arabia should modify their ECE policies and framework to achieve its Saudi Vision 2030 goals.  It also reviews the UK’s ECE policies, which Saudi Arabia can consider using as a model to reform its policies and increase their enrolment rate at this stage.

Keywords: Early Childhood Education, Saudi Arabia, Teaching, Vision 2030, enrolment, preschool education

Challenges and Solutions of Acquiring Environmental Teaching and Learning Experiences of OTM Programme in Rivers State Polytechnics (Published)

The study adopted survey research design on challenges and solutions of acquiring environmental teaching and learning experiences of OTM programme in Rivers State Polytechnics.. The population of the study was drawn from CEAPOLY and KENPOLY of NDII, HNDI and HNDII numbered 596 students of OTM programme with a sample of 234 using Krejie and Morgan sampling technique. The research instrument used was “challenges and solutions of acquiring environmental teaching and learning experiences”, (CASAETALE) with a five point scale. The instrument was subjected to face and content validation by three experts. To ascertain the reliability and consistency of measurement, a pilot study was carried on 12 students which yielded 0.97 co-efficient. A total of 234 copies of the questionnaire were administered and 132 successfully retrieved. Mean statistics was used to answer the research questions, Standard Deviation used to find out the extent in which scores clustered around the means and t-test used to analyse the hypotheses. The finding showed that there was very high level of challenges of acquiring environmental teaching and learning experiences and very high level of solutions to those challenges of acquiring environmental teaching and learning experiences of OTM programme. Among other things, it was recommended that government and concerned organizations should make appropriate and adequate teaching and learning environment, facilities and equipment for appropriate environmental teaching and learning experiences to take place in the Polytechnics in Rivers State.


Keywords: Learning, OTM programme, Teaching, challenges of teaching and learning, environmental teaching and learning experiences, solutions

Effectiveness of B.ED Teachers Preparation Program Offered by Bahrain Teachers College (Published)

The teacher training program must be of paramount importance in order to establish a strong educational system that serves the objectives of the country’s educational policy. Bachelor of Education program (B.ED) in Bahrain Teachers College (BTC) at Bahrain University is specially designed to prepare an efficient teacher capable of implementing and achieving the educational objectives prepared by the Ministry of Education. This research aims to investigate the BTC graduates, senior teachers and school principals’ views of the B.ED program of BTC, and to what extent it prepared and trained BTC students to put theories into practice. Data was collected through a questionnaire. 183 participants took part in the study. The findings revealed that the program was effective in helping candidate teachers to acquire the necessary skills of instructional strategies, use of technology and effective communication. On the other hand, some of the participants responses demonstrated that some graduates are weak in content knowledge. Therefore, they suggest more training in the content knowledge for the specialization they have to teach.

Keywords: Competencies, Curriculum, Teaching, graduates

The Development of Contextual Approach-Based Materials for Poetry Writing On Grade X Student In Sma Budi Murni 2 Medan (Published)

This research is based on the learning problems of class X students of SMA Budi Murni 2 that are still teacher-centered. This causes students not being able to study independently because of the lack of poetry text references used in poetry writing class. In addition, the student’s ability to write poetry texts is known to be low because the teaching materials used by teachers and students are still based on textbooks. The book is the only source of information for poetry text writing study. In learning to write poetry texts, teacher sometimes still use learning methods that tend to be monotonous, such as the use of discussion methods. This  is known from the results of observations made by the researchers  themselves. All poetry texts writing learning comes from textbooks. Based on the above problems, the researcher  conducted a research development  aimed at (1) to analyze  the  development  process of the contextual approach-based poetry text writing materials on grade X student  in SMA Budi Murni 2 Medan, (2) to analyze the feasibility of the contextual approach-based poetry text writing materials on grade X student  in SMA Budi Murni 2 Medan, (3) to analyze the effectiveness of the contextual approach-based poetry text writing materials on grade X student  in SMA Budi Murni 2 Medan. The method adopted is the Research and development (R&D) proposed by Sugiyono, based on Borg and Gall. The trial subjects consisted of 3 students in individual test, 9 students in small group test, and 35 students in limited field test. The data collection technique used observation, interviews, questionnaire, and poetry text writing test. The research result shows that (1) material expert’s validation includes content feasibility with an average of 83,52% in “very good” criteria, presentation eligibility with an average of 87,5% in “very good” criteria, and language aspect with an average of  75% in “good” criteria, (2) graphyc design expert’s validation with an average of 83,46% in “very good” criteria, (3) teachers’ responses with an average of 88,23% in “very good” criteria, (4) individual test with an average of 77,77% in “very good” criteria, (5) small group test with an average of 80,10% in “very good” criteria, (6) limited field test with an average of 84,82% in “very good” criteria. The learning outcomes of student’s poetry writing before using the module was 74.28,  while after using the module increased up to 85.57. The resulted difference between before and after the module usage is as much as 11.29. The implication of this study is that, the developed teaching materials may provide practical contributions in the implementation of the learning process for teacher. This is because the additional teaching materials provide convenience in the process of teaching.

Keywords: Approach, Based, Contextual, Development, Material, Poetry, Teaching, Text, writing

Teachers Attitude towards Improvisation, Its Effects on the Study of Science at the Junior High Schools in Aowin Municipality-Ghana (Published)

Teaching science requires science teachers to provide enough materials to enable students to learn by using all their senses. Therefore, where the schools are isolated or inaccessible, materials can be improvised to enhance science teaching and learning.  This paper seeks to investigate the attitudes of teachers towards improvisation and its effects on the study of science and to suggest recommendations for school administrators. The instrument used was a structured questionnaire. Data for the study were obtained by administering 120 questionnaires to 120 teachers. Ten public Junior High Schools were selected. 12 teachers were sampled randomly from each Junior School making a total of 120. 120 questionnaires were fully answered and returned. The data were analyzed using frequency counts and percentages.  .

Keywords: Achievement, Improvisation, Learning, Perception, Teaching, attitude

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