European Journal of Mechanical Engineering Research (EJMER) is an interdisciplinary journal published by the European Centre for Research Training and Development, United Kingdom. The journal publishes exceptional contributions on theoretical or empirical papers in all aspects of research investigations that deal on the following topics but are not limited to the following subject areas: Human and Machine Haptics, Human and Machine Haptics, Design, Manufacturing, & Product Development, Mechatronics, Robotics and Automation, Thermal Engineering and Fluids Engineering, Kinematics, Dynamics, & Control of Mechanical Systems, Mechanics. Papers submitted to this journal must be original, and are not considered in any other journal. The journal is published in both print and online versions. The online version of the journal is free access and downloads.