The study examined board size and retained earnings of deposit money banks in Nigeria. The objective of the study was to ascertain the relationship between board size and retained earnings of deposit money banks in Nigeria. The study adopted an ex-post-facto research design, covering the period between 2010 and 2019. Secondary data were extracted from the annual reports and accounts of sampled deposit money banks in Nigeria. Total assets, total deposits, statutory reserves, and number of branches, were the control variables of the study. Multiple regression and covariance analysis were used for data analysis. The covariance analysis revealed that total asset (p-value < 0.05), total deposit (p-value < 0.05), and number of branches (p-value < 0.05) have a strong and positive relationship with retained earnings (80% approx., 78% approx., 64% approx. respectively). Statutory reserve (p-value < 0.05) and board size (p-value < 0.05) have a strong and negative relationship with retained earnings of deposit money banks in Nigeria with the following coefficients Statutory reserve 73% and board size 53% approx. The findings imply that as a total asset, total deposits, and the number of branches are increasing, the banks’ retained earnings also increase significantly and vice versa. On the other hand, as statutory reserve and board size are increasing, banks’ retained earnings decrease significantly. Hence, these variables can be used to predict and make decisions on retained earnings of deposit money banks in Nigeria. The study, therefore, recommends that deposit money banks in Nigeria should keep a small or moderate board size since an increase in board size affects their retained earnings negatively.
Impact of Treasury Single Account On Public Finance Management in Nigeria: Pre and Post Implementation Analysis (Published)
This study examined the impact of Treasury Single Account (TSA) on the public finance management in Nigeria. The study investigated how the implementation of TSA in Nigeria affected revenue collection, public cash management, federation account allocation and corruption control in Nigeria. The paper used secondary data collected from Central Bank of Nigeria statistical bulletin and transparency international from 2010-2014 (pre adoption period) to 2015-2019 (post-adoption period). T-test statistical technique was employed to analyze the data. The findings of the study revealed that TSA has a negative and insignificant effect on government revenue, public cash management, federal account allocation, as well as corruption control in Nigeria. The study recommends that government should strengthen the system of implementation of TSA in Nigeria and all resources of leakages to total government revenue should be investigated forensically and such loopholes filled. Moreover, government should devise other means of cash management and reduce so much reliance on TSA implementation.
Citation: Iloeje J.B., and Okwo I.M. (2022) Impact of Treasury Single Account On Public Finance Management in Nigeria: Pre and Post Implementation Analysis, European Journal of Accounting, Auditing and Finance Research, Vol.10, No. 12, pp.62-75
Responsiveness of Operational Performance to Liquid Asset Management of Industrial Goods Firms in Nigeria (Published)
The study examined the responsiveness of operational performance to liquid asset management of industrial goods firms in Nigeria. inventory, cash and cash equivalents, and account receivables formed the independent variables of the study. While profit for the year was used to measure operational performance. The study adopted an ex-post-facto research design, covering the period between 2011 and 2020. Secondary data were extracted from annual reports and accounts of sampled industrial goods firms listed on Nigeria Exchange Plc. Multiple regression techniques (fixed-effect model) was used for the data analysis. In line with the specific objectives of the study which was to ascertain the effect of inventory, cash and cash equivalents, and account receivables on profit for the year of industrial goods firms in Nigeria, it was revealed that inventory and cash and cash equivalents have a negative and significant effect on profit for the year of industrial goods firms in Nigeria. Account receivables have a positive and insignificant effect on profit for the year of industrial goods firms in Nigeria. This implies that non of the independent variables have a significant effect on the operational performance of industrial goods firms in Nigeria. It is recommended therefore that industrial goods firms should strive to reduce the rate at which they sell their inventory at a loss. They should devise a means to resist sell pressures caused by importations. The government should also help in protecting the firms within these industries by placing importation embargos on industrial goods. Industrial goods firms should reduce the amount of cash and cash equivalents they hold. They should strive to reduce the idle cash at their disposal. Such cash should be invested into the business that will yield good returns. They should always strive to increase their account receivables because of the positive effect it has on operational performance.
Citation: Mbah, A. U & Okwo I M. (2022) Responsiveness of Operational Performance to Liquid Asset Management of Industrial Goods Firms in Nigeria, European Journal of Accounting, Auditing and Finance Research, Vol.10, No. 12, pp.14-28
The study appraised liquidity management and gross earnings of insurance firms in Nigeria. During the Covid-19 period, insurance firms were faced with the financial responsibility of indemnifying the numerous risks suffered by policy holders. To do so effectively, they need to be liquid enough so as to meet such indemnity demands as at when due. This affects their investment. Hence the study examines liquidity and gross earnings of insurance firms in Nigeria. Current ratio, cash ratio, and operating cash flow ratio is the independent variables of the study, while the dependent variable is profit for the year. The study adopted an ex-post-facto research design, covering the period between 2011 and 2020. Secondary data were extracted from the annual report and accounts of the sampled insurance companies. The correlation technique was used for the data analysis. In line with the specific objectives of the study which was to examine the relationship between current ratio, cash ratio, and operating cash flow ratio and profit for the year of insurance firms in Nigeria, it was revealed that current ratio has a positive and strong relationship with profit for the year of firms in Nigeria insurance subsector. Cash ratio has a negative and weak relationship with profit for the year of firms in Nigeria insurance subsector. The operating cash flow ratio has a positive and weak relationship with profit for the year of firms in the Nigeria insurance subsector. This implies that an increase in current ratio results in a significant increase in profit for the year of insurance firms in Nigeria. It is recommended therefore that insurance firms in Nigeria should strive to improve their current ratio. They can do this by reducing the personal draw on the business and by reducing the personal drawings on the business. They should reduce their propensity to hold cash. They should balance the trade-off between cash holding and profitable investment. They should make profitable investments and ensure that their liabilities are settled on time. Insurance firms should devise strategies to improve the cash they generate from operating activities. They can do this by improving their inventory, introducing electronic payments, etc.
This study was carried out with the aim to examine internal audit practices and financial performance of construction companies in Nigeria. In order to actualize the objectives of the study, various literature and theoretical issues was discussed. The instrument used for the purpose of this research was gathered through primary source. The researcher administered a total of two hundred (200) questionnaires to respondents, out of which one hundred and eighty-eight (188) was retrieved and was used for the presentation and analyses. The hypotheses were tested using Ordinary Least Square (OLS) regression technique. The findings from analysis revealed among other things that there is a positive and significant relationship between size of the internal audit, experience of the internal audit, qualification of the internal audit and Financial Performance. The study also revealed that there is a positive and insignificant relationship between independence of internal audit and Financial Performance. In line with the findings, we recommend that the internal auditor should have maximum independence from the industry they work in. The internal audit activities must be positioned in such a way that it may obtain cooperation from industry that is being audited that have free, unrestricted access to all functions, records, property and personnel including those charged with governance.
Citation: Jacob, M.S., Edheku, O.J., and Obembe, O.J. (2022) Internal Audit Practices and Financial Performance of Construction Companies in Nigeria, European Journal of Accounting, Auditing and Finance Research, Vol.10, No. 11, pp.87-103
Credit Risk and Financial Performance of Deposit Money Banks in Nigeria: Moderating Role of Risk Management Committee (Published)
The global financial crisis of 2008 and the economic dislocation that followed the emergence of COVID 19 adversely affected financial institutions leading to debt crisis in the Nigerian banking sector. Despite the risk management framework within the banking sector, credit still remains a crucial factor in comparison to other driving factors in the bank, due to its attendant risk and the effect on the economy. This study examined the risk management committee’s role on the effect of credit risk on financial performance of 13 deposit money banks in Nigeria from 2012 to 2021. Finance distress theory was adopted for the study. The study adopted census sampling technique. Regression model used to analyze the panel data. The multiple regression result revealed that credit risk has a negative and significant effect on financial performance. The moderating role of risk management committee revealed that credit risk has a positive and significant impact on financial performance of deposit money banks in Nigeria. The study recommends that DMBs in Nigeria should continue improving on their risk management policies to enable good credit facility procedures to borrowers, also the board of directors should actively participate in managing the credit facilities to customers.
The poor culture of accounting practices in Nigeria, as well as manipulation of financial statements have attracted the attention of scholars’ overtime to question the role of global ethics on accounting practices in Nigeria. In view of this, the main objective of this study dealt on the conceptual review of global ethical consideration and accounting practices in Nigeria. The study employed a review of literature by past researchers on the discourse. In conclusion, the study found that in Nigeria the culture of accounting promotes creative accounting practices, income smoothing and window dressing. Based on the findings, the study recommended that culture should be given adequate consideration in enforcement of global ethical rules and regulation among practicing accountants in Nigeria. Furthermore, professional bodies like Institute of Chartered Accountants of Nigeria ICAN, Association of National Accountants of Nigeria and financial reporting council of Nigeria. Should work in concensus in order to comply effectively with IFRS and global ethical rules and regulations.
Citation: Ifeoma Kate Nonyelum Maduka, Lateef Olamide Mustapha; Blessing Ogechi Ajunwa (2022) Global Ethical Consideration and Accounting Practices in Nigeria, European Journal of Accounting, Auditing and Finance Research, Vol.10, No. 9, pp.36-57
Illicit Financial Flows and Economic Growth: Moderating Role of Economic and Financial Crime Commission in Nigeria (Published)
Despite the efforts of Economic and Financial Crime Commission (EFCC) at curbing illicit financial flows and related problems, the magnitude of the challenges experienced overwhelms her implementation capacities. This therefore necessitate this study by analysing the effect of illicit financial flows on economic growth in Nigeria. The data for study were extracted from the report of EFCC and Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) statistical bulletins from the period of 2010 to 2019. The study data was based on secondary sources. A purposive sample technique was adopted for the study. Based on the OLS regression model, findings of the study revealed that illicit financial flow and convicted secured by EFCC have a positive and insignificant influence on economic growth. It is therefore, recommended that EFCC should increase the effort in prosecuting and secured convictions of offenders, because will strongly reduce illicit financial flow in Nigeria.
Citation: Abdulrasheed Bawa and Joseph Ogwiji (2022) Illicit Financial Flows and Economic Growth: Moderating Role of Economic and Financial Crime Commission in Nigeria, European Journal of Accounting, Auditing and Finance Research, Vol.10, No. 9, pp.24-35
The adoption of International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRSs) in different countries of the world have become a contemporary issue particularly with regard to the reliability of financial reports. The conceptual and empirical examination of the IFRS adoption and financial reporting quality across different sectors and countries. The study established that some studies used positive approach and some used positive paradigm. Studies used either of primary or secondary source of data, while some used mixed approach. The study found that IFRS adoption are determined by comparing the parameters concerned between pre and post IFRS regimes in given jurisdictions. The review concept and empirical evidences of IFRS adoption and financial reporting quality from many countries reveals that economic consequences of IFRS adoption significantly differ across jurisdictions though its impact has been reported to be positive in majority of studies. Also, few studies report indifferent and negative effects of IFRS adoption on financial reporting quality. The study found that it is argued that IFRS is more financial position focused. It is also observed that the impact of mandatory adoption of IFRS tends to be greater disputed than that caused by voluntary IFRS adoption. In addition, IFRS adoption are found to supersede many other domestic financial reporting standards such as Statement of Accounting Standard (SAS) in Nigeria.
This study examined the effect of lease financing on the financial performance of listed manufacturing companies. The study relied on secondary data which covered the period of 2011 to 2021. It was established from findings that financial lease create positive effect on financial performance of companies through the creation of opportunities to use capital intensive assets in production activities. However, the insignificant effect of lease financing in the study suggests the underutilisation of leasing financing options by manufacturing companies. It was recommended that lease financial should be extensively explore by manufacturing companies. In addition, companies should endeavor to maintain appropriate balance between different source of financing, investment opportunities and performance.
Citation: Ayobami Ayoola Aremo and Yemisi Oluwafunmilayo Ayorinde (2022) Lease Financing and Financial Performance of Listed Manufacturing Companies in Nigeria, European Journal of Accounting, Auditing and Finance Research, Vol.10, No. 6, pp.1-8