International Journal of Education, Learning and Development (IJELD)

EA Journals


Work Stress And Job Satisfaction Among Efl Teachers Working In Kuwait Public Schools (Published)

The focus of the study is to measure the stress and job satisfaction among EFL Teachers working in public schools in Kuwait. Several research questions were introduced to examine the relationships of the research variables. These questions and the hypotheses were as follow: (a) What is the average level of job satisfaction expressed by EFL teachers working in public schools in Kuwait? (b) Is there a gender difference in the average satisfaction among expressed EFL teachers working in public schools in Kuwait? and (c) What are the most predictable factors to job satisfaction among expressed EFL teachers working in public schools in Kuwait? Teachers were administered the modified Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire (MSQ). This study indicates that Kuwait EFL teachers were either dissatisfied with their job due to their work stress environment or exposure to their job and supervision requirements. Areas such as leadership and peers, school infrastructure, the school’s relationship with its local community, workload, staff supervision, class size, school communication networks, and ability utilization were the most satisfying areas reported. Meanwhile, compensation, school policies, and supervision-human relations were least satisfied in this study. A replication study involving a larger sample of males would be useful to add to our empirical database in this area.

Keywords: EFL, Job Satisfaction, Kuwait, School, Stress, Teachers

Determination of Depression, Anxiety and Stress among Retirees in Kogi State and Preventive Strategies (Published)

Retirees, especially in developing nations like Nigeria experience diverse health problems. Notable among them are depression, anxiety and stress. The present study aimed to determine the level of depression, anxiety, and stress among retirees, and formulated preventive strategies. The study was guided by four research questions and one null hypothesis. The survey research design was adopted for the study. A sample size of 1,250 respondents was drawn using multi- stage sampling procedure. Data were generated through researcher- structured questionnaires.  The reliability was established through Cronbach Alpha statistic to determine the correlation coefficient index, which yielded 0 .97.  Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics of frequencies, percentages, and standard deviation. The study revealed that retirees experienced extremely severe level of depression (DASS) score=19.3, anxiety (DASS) score = 21.1 and stress (DASS) score = 17.3. It was therefore recommended that public health awareness and education campaigns of health problems on depression, anxiety and stress should be carried out by the National Orientation Kogi State Chapter, social welfare workers, counselors, educators, health educators, NGOs, and mass media to prevent and mitigate depression, anxiety and stress among retirees in Kogi State.

Keywords: Anxiety, Depression, Prevention, Retirees, Stress

Stress Management among Married Adult Learners in the Work and Study Programme of Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki Nigeria (Published)

The study investigated the causes of stress for adult learners in the Work and Study programme in Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki.  Specifically the study assessed the extent to which family expectations societal expectations, crowded classrooms, short period of study and lack of committed teachers cause stress for adult learners in the work and study programme. The population for this study consisted of all the adult learners in the Work and Study programme in the Faculty of Education numbering 630, while the sample size was 140. Five research questions guided the study. The instrument for data collection was a researcher made instrument named Adult Learners’ Stressors Assessment Scale (ALSAS) which is a four – point modified Likert scale with four clusters (A – D) and 25 items. Data collected were analyzed using mean and standard deviation. The findings of the study revealed that the adult learners in Ebonyi State University in the Work and Study programme are stressed by family expectations, societal expectations, and the shortness of the period under which they have to cover the whole work meant for their programme.  To them, the teachers or the crowded classrooms do not constitute stress. Recommendations were also made for example that they should accept counselling for stress management strategies

Keywords: Adult Learners, Stress, Stressors, work and study


The study investigated sources of stress among distance education students of the University of Education, Winneba and the strategies they employ to manage it. Quantitative methodology which made use of questionnaire was employed to collect data from 105 students at Accra study centre, selected through stratified and simple random sampling techniques. The study found that the main sources of stress among the students were travelling over long distances to attend tutorials, financial challenges, and multiple responsibilities, coping with studies, lack of study skills and poor attitude of their tutors. The study has also shown that the students employ variety of stress management strategies some of which are regular exercises and being humorous. Based on these findings it was recommended among others that comprehensive workshop on stress and its management should organized for the students at the start of every semester and also that periodic training should be organized for the tutors to equip them with the skills of handling distance education students effectively.

Keywords: Distance Education, Stress, Stress Management

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