International Journal of Ebola, AIDS, HIV and Infectious Diseases and Immunity (IJEAHII)

EA Journals


Effect of a Nurse-Led Interactive Education on Perception of Vaccine Safety Among Nurses in Lagos State University Teaching Hospital, Lagos (Published)

This study aims to assess the impact of a nurse-led interactive education on the perception of COVID-19 vaccine safety among nurses at Lagos State University Teaching Hospital (LASUTH) in Lagos, Nigeria. Utilizing a quasi-experimental, pre-/post-test one-group design, the study involved 527 nurses at LASUTH. The sample size of 250 was determined using the Yamane formula. Data was collected through a questionnaire with demographic and perception sections. Face and content validity were established, and a pilot study demonstrated instrument reliability (Cronbach alpha = 0.88). Participants were informed, and consent was obtained before administering pre-test questionnaires. Following the pre-test, a nurse-led interactive education session on COVID-19 vaccine safety occurred. Post-test questionnaires were distributed after the session. Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 25 was employed for data analysis using descriptive and inferential statistics (independent sample t-test). The results, revealed a significant difference in COVID-19 vaccine safety perceptions among nurses pre- and post-intervention (p < 0.05). The pre-intervention mean score (8.4±2.52) was lower than the post-intervention mean score (9.69±1.82), indicating a notable increase in safety perceptions. The analysis showed a substantial mean difference (Mean diff. = 1.29, t (235) = 24.26, p = .014), rejecting the null hypothesis. In conclusion, the nurse-led interactive education program effectively influenced nurses’ perceptions, enhancing their acceptance and confidence in COVID-19 vaccination. Recommendations include the development of comprehensive programs to address vaccine safety concerns and targeted surveys or focus group discussions to identify specific areas of concern among nurses.

Keywords: Nurse-Led Interactive Education, Nurses, Perception, Vaccine Safety

Knowledge, Perception and Acceptance of Cervical Cancer Screening Among Women of Reproductive Age in Health Facilities in Ekiti State, Nigeria (Published)

This study aims to examine the knowledge, perception, and acceptance of cervical cancer screening among reproductive-age women in health facilities in Ado Ekiti, Ekiti State. The objectives include determining sources of information, assessing knowledge, acceptance, and perception, as well as investigating factors influencing acceptance. A descriptive research design was employed, with a sample size of 198 women divided across primary, secondary, and tertiary health care facilities in Ado Ekiti. Data were collected using a self-structured questionnaire, validated through expert assessment and a pilot study. Results indicate that 41% of participants have a high level of knowledge, 45% have a moderate level, and 14% have a low level. Acceptance rates for screening are 49.5% for “yes” and 50.5% for “no,” with 92% expressing an unfavorable perception and 8% a favourable one. These findings suggest limited understanding, awareness, and willingness to undergo cervical cancer screening among women of reproductive age. The study emphasizes a strong correlation between knowledge, awareness, and willingness to undergo screening. In conclusion, the majority of reproductive-age women in Ado Ekiti exhibit low knowledge, perception, and acceptance of cervical cancer screening. Recommendations include increasing awareness and sensitization among patients and medical personnel, providing printed materials in major languages, establishing government-sponsored screening centers, and organizing workshops for nurses on cervical cancer, screening, and treatment modalities. These initiatives aim to enhance knowledge, improve perceptions, and increase acceptance of cervical cancer screening among women in the study area

Keywords: Acceptance, Cervical Cancer Screening, Knowledge, Perception, Reproductive Age Women

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