Knowledge, Attitude and Acceptability of COVID-19 Vaccination among Lecturers in Universities in Akwa Ibom State (Published)
This study examined knowledge, attitude and acceptability of COVID-19 vaccination among lecturers in universities in Akwa Ibom State. Descriptive survey design was used for this study. The design was aimed at collecting and analyzing data to describe the knowledge, attitude and acceptability of COVID-19 vaccination among lecturers in Akwa Ibom State. The population stood at 4,346 lecturers from University of Uyo and Akwa Ibom State University located in Akwa Ibom State. But 217 lecturers making 5% of the total population of lecturers was used as the sample size for this study. Convenience sampling technique was adopted in sampling the respondents across the four tertiary institutions. A 20-item instrument titled “Knowledge, Attitude and Acceptability of COVID-19 Vaccination Questionnaire” reliability index was 0.72 was used for data collection. Frequency and percentage were used in analyzing the collected data. Findings of the study revealed that participants had good knowledge about COVID-19 and its vaccine, but had negative attitude towards vaccination and low acceptability of vaccination. It was concluded that the participants in the study had satisfactory knowledge regarding COVID-19 and its vaccine but their negative attitude and low level of acceptability of the vaccine seemed to be influenced by insufficient clinical trials and fear of its side effects. Recommendations were made that the provision of sufficient information about the vaccines for COVID-19 is important as this would help to eliminate fear and doubts that people have against vaccines; regular and effective education is needed to improve public COVID-19 vaccine acceptability and reduce its hesitancy and appropriate COVID-19 vaccination strategies are necessary for wider coverage of the population for vaccine uptake campaigns.
Citation: Afia, Uduakobong Udeme , Obot, Valerie Okon , Johnson, Nsidibe Ita (2022) Knowledge, Attitude and Acceptability of COVID-19 Vaccination among Lecturers in Universities in Akwa Ibom State, International Journal of Ebola, AIDS, HIV and Infectious Diseases and Immunity, Vol.7, No.1, pp.38-50
Knowledge and Practice of Hepatitis B Prevention among Health Care Workers in Wesley Guild Hospital, Ilesa, Osun State Nigeria (Published)
Background: Globally, health workers are at risk of contracting Hepatitis B infection if preventive measures are jeopardized. This study assessed the knowledge and practice of prevention of Hepatitis B, identified factors affecting practice of HBV prevention among health care workers (HCW) and assessed factors influencing vaccination against hepatitis B in Wesley Guild Hospital, Ilesa, Osun State, Nigeria. Method: A descriptive cross sectional design was adopted. One hundred and ninety-two health care workers were selected using simple random sampling technique. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire and was analyzed using SPSS version 20.0 Result: Findings showed that 99.5% of the respondents had good knowledge about HBV infection, 99% of the respondents had good knowledge on prevention of HBV infection. Knowledge was associated with academic qualification (P = 0.001). Also, 60.9% had good practice of prevention of hepatitis. Years of experience was not associated with practice of prevention of HBV Infection (P = 0.056). Also, 85.4% of health workers had been tested for hepatitis virus before and less than three – quarter had received HBV vaccine. Also, (29.2%) had never received hepatitis B vaccine. Barriers associated with HBV vaccination among HCW include: availability of hepatitis B vaccine in the hospital (87.5%), cost of the vaccine (76%) fear of needle prick during vaccination (50%). Conclusion: The study concluded that majority of the health care workers had good knowledge of Hepatitis B prevention but not all of them with good knowledge carried out good practices regarding to HBV infection prevention.
HIV/Aids Knowledge and Accessibility to HIV Information among Women in Obudu Local Government Area of Cross River State, Nigeria (Published)
The study was to determine HIV/AIDS knowledge and accessibility to HIV information among women in Obudu Local Government Area of Cross River State, Nigeria. A total of 402 women were recruited using multi-stage random sampling technique. A structured questionnaire was designed to generate data from the respondents. Data collected were entered and analysed using SPSS (version 20.0) and results were presented in tables and charts. Chi-square was used to test for association between variables at 5% level of significance. Findings from this study revealed most study participants (25.6%) were within the age bracket of 35-39 years, (91.8%) Christians, (71.9%) married and (43.3%) had undergone secondary education. Most respondents were civil servants (32.6%), traders/business women (15.7%), farmers (9.7%) and 20.3% were low income earners. Respondents exhibited high knowledge level of HIV/AIDS as the media (39.1%), health workers (18.7%) and HIV/AIDS campaigns (15.0%) were their major sources of information. About 54.5% respondents reported that they currently have access to HIV/AIDS information and other reproductive health services with primary health centers (21.4%) and hospitals as their top source of information centers. Intensifying HIV/AIDS awareness campaigns and improving access to reproductive health services are core strategies in averting HIV morbidity and mortality among women domiciling in semi-urban and remote settings.