Perception is arguably one of the most contentious issues in epistemology or the theory of knowledge. It is in fact considered a fulcrum of the discourse as it appears to encapsulate the different thought patterns as to the explanation of how epistemological agents encounter and extract basic bodies of knowledge from the world as it is. Different theories have however been put forward in the explanation of how perception translates to a true, justified belief of the external world, ourselves and extra sensory states. This paper is therefore a review of some of the prominent theories of perception. It also analyses some of the fundamental propositions of the theories in the process of knowing and justifying what is known. It concludes that the theories are rather, more complimentary than divergent since perception can either be sensory or introspective.
Exposure to “Abrahamic Mission” Television Program and its Influence on peoples’ Attitude towards Religious Tolerance in Nigeria (Published)
Drawing from series of literature on ethno-religious crisis and use of media in managing or encouraging ethno-religious and political crises in Nigeria, this study ventured into exposing the Nigerian citizens’ reaction to media attempt into inculcating religious tolerance as the attitude for a better Nigeria. The study which was based on an inter-religious tolerance media program adopted the use of survey and interview in studying 300 respondents sampled across the three religious groups in Anambra State using voluntary and purposive sampling techniques. The study was based on the social responsibility and social exchange theories of mass communication. Among the specific objectives of the study are to ascertain the respondents frequency of exposure, their perception of the program and whether their exposure to the program encouraged them to tolerate all other religions in the country. Findings revealed that the program does not command attitudinal change among the citizens because political leaders’ mode of power and resource distribution does not suggest that Nigeria is one. It was concluded that until the mass media learn to hold the government accountable, the country will forever remain in ethno-religious and political crises because of height of inequality of different magnitudes. The study therefore, recommended that there must be a sincere paradigm shift from the capitalist order of winner takes all to a liberal order embedded in true federalism anchored on ‘exclusive’ fairness to all irrespective of region or ethnic origin.
In contemporary times, researchers have recognized the crucial role of classroom assessment in school effectiveness and the realization of educational goals. Therefore, this study investigated Social Studies teachers’ perception of classroom assessment and the extent to which teachers’ demographic variables influence their perception of classroom assessment. The study utilized the sequential explanatory mixed method design which involved collecting and analyzing of both quantitative and qualitative data. With the purposive, and convenience sampling techniques, 65 Social Studies teachers were selected for the study. Questionnaire and semi-structured interview guide were the instruments used to collect data for the study. The quantitative data were analyzed using both descriptive (frequency, mean, standard deviation) and inferential (t-test, and ANOVA) statistics. The qualitative data were analyzed through the thematic approach. The study revealed that even though Social Studies teachers held different perceptions of classroom assessment. They perceived classroom assessment as a means of improvement of teaching and le-arning more than students’ progress, and school accou-ntability. Additionally, apart from gender and rank the study revealed that age, academic qualification, and years of teaching experience influenced Social Studies teachers’ perception of the nature of classroom assessment. Therefore, it was recommended that the Ministry of Education and the Ghana Education Service through the Kwahu South Education Directorate should design and implement programmes to conscientize teachers on the need to develop and practice effective classroom assessment to their teaching. Finally, Social Studies teachers should be equipped with relevant knowledge on assessment through in-service training on the nature of classroom assessment and assist them (teachers) to develop and sustain effective classroom assessment in their schools so as to realize educational goals.
This research is a qualitative research which aims to obtain various information and actual data about people’s perceptions of traditional pesantren education development in Aceh provision, as well as to explore information and ideas of the community towards the pesantren learning system, community opinion on the policies and support of the Aceh government and big aceh to pontren-pontren in Seulimeum aceh sub-district is big, and at the same time to explore and study internal and external factors that become supporters and inhibitors in conducting guidance on traditional pesantren educational institutions. The results of the study can show that: With the assistance program for the development of pontren development carried out by the Aceh government, the pontren education institutions can reorganize the formation of pesantren education in accordance with the expectations of society, so that traditional pesantren can progress according to the demands of the times. Learning that is done in pontren and life-long education conducted in traditional pesantren, Seulimeum subdistrict, can realize the intelligence and maturity of thinking of students. The various policies and support that the Aceh government has given to pontren, this can be motivated by the community to set up huts and prayer halls. With the availability of sufficient teaching staff in the Pontrenia and the establishment of good relations between the pesantren institutions and the Aceh government and the big Aceh and the good socio-economic conditions of the students, these conditions can support the formation of traditional mentoring education. Especially with regard to the lack of available facilities for some pontren in the big Seulimeum Aceh district and the weak condition of some socio-economic santri can hamper the formation of the pontren in question.
Image of Nation is one of important aspect in International Relations today. It can influence the attitude of people and country to another and every country try to attract people and government from another country through the public diplomacy which is focuses on culture. To develop positive image, as part of Indonesian public diplomacy, Indonesia invites foreign student to learn and study Indonesian culture and Bahasa Indonesia. This article focus on analyze the reason of Chinese student from Guangxi Normal University to study Bahasa Indonesia and what is the image of Indonesia after they studied almost one year in Indonesia. The result shows that Bahasa Indonesia is one of prospective language and gives opportunity relate with job opportunity because of Indonesia-China raising relations. In other hand, Indonesia have positive image on the culture, tradition, polite, open minded, familiarity, kindness and friendship. However, Indonesia also have negative image on traffic, time and corruption. Those image describe how Chinese student percepts Indonesia as foreign country. According to this study, there are opportunity and challenges on Indonesian image development.
Police checkpoint is one of the most dreaded sights by motorists in Nigeria due to the dominance of extortion over all other activities at checkpoints instead of the normal stop-and-frisk expected of a security agent thereby affecting the efficiency of the force in preventing, detecting and containing crime. Yobe state with its high number of Boko-Haram induced checkpoints is one of the states where strong reactions follow the removal of police blockades in other parts of the country. This paper attempts, using survey research technique to assess the perception of the people of Yobe state on the removal of police frisk-barricades from the roads as a means of reducing police corruption in the country. The research found out among other things; that people of Yobe state believe that the removal will tremendous effect in reducing police extortion that has direct bearing on the common man. The study recommends inter alia the review of police salary and welfare packages, introduction of technology driven frisking system and policing the police technique of fishing out corrupt personnel.
AN ASSESSMENT OF PERCEPTIONS AND KNOWLEDGE OF HEALTH CARE ETHICAL PRINCIPLES AMONG HEALTH CARE PRACTITIONERS IN THE KUMASI METROPOLIS (Published)
Ethical theories and principles in health care are the foundations of ethical analysis. This is because they have become the viewpoints from which guidance can be obtained along the pathway to a decision. Each theory emphasizes different points such as predicting the outcome and following one’s duties to others in order to reach an ethically correct decision. However, in order for an ethical principle to be useful, the theory must be directed towards a common set of goals. Health care ethical principles are the common goals that all health practitioners try to achieve in order to be successful. These goals include beneficence, non-malficence (least harm), respect for autonomy and justice. In addition, are other related principles like; confidentiality, informed consent and truth telling. The objective of the paper finds whether or not health care practitioners in Kumasi are aware and knowledgeable of the use of the ethical principles which their profession confer on them. The research employed the use of questionnaires and interviews to obtain views from 220 respondents from the Kumasi metropolis (Ghana). Respondents gave diverse opinions in respect of their knowledge about these basic principles. The research identifies that many health care practitioners in the Kumasi metropolis attach little or no attention to the implementation of ethical principles. Several recommendations are made in reposting the challenges faced in the implementation of ethical principles. It is to be understood that ethical theories and principles bring significant characteristics to the decision-making process. This therefore makes a research into ethical and moral responsibilities among health care practitioners exclusively relevant.
Audience Perception of UBA “Gunners” Debit Card Promo on ATM Screen in Nigeria (Review Completed - Accepted)
The study investigated audience perception of UBA “Gunners” debit card promo on ATM screen. The main objective of the study was to find out whether the Gunners debit card promo attracted non UBA customers to bank with UBA. The study adopted survey research method and utilised questionnaire for data collection. The study was anchored on two theories, namely: diffusion of innovation theory and technological determinism theory. The population of study was the entire UBA ATM users in Awka Metropolis and the sample size of 384 subjects was selected using the Krejeie Robert and Morgan Darlye’s sample size determination table. Findings of the study revealed, among others, that non UBA customers were attracted to bank with UBA because of the debit card promo and that the use of ATM screen as a medium of advertising banking products and services is a good way to get customers’ attention to the ad message. The paper recommended, among other things, the continuous utilisation of ATM screen in the promotion of debit card usage so as to encourage potential advertisers to consider the use of ATM screen for advertising