Text and context, mind, and domination are key concepts whenever we consider language and politics. This study examines the ways in which political and ideological undertones were conveyed in political speeches, as well as how texts reproduce and maintain power and unequal power relations. In order to understand how language shapes and maintains power relationships and ideological structures the study employs the principles of critical discourse analysis by Norman Fairclough. Critical Discourse Analysis helps us to see how specific language techniques produce, enact, and legitimise power relations. The study found out that the aspirant used the expression to reflect both good self-ideology and negative self-ideology in order to neutralise the asymmetrical power relationships that exist between his group and the other groups within the APC at the point of liberalising power. It was a declarative. Typically, this resulted in the other aspirants’ power being politically diminished. The aspirant also used discourse structures that have implications for ideology as weapons of persuasion and pleading, positive self-representation of “Emi”, meaning “I”, negotiation and personality projection. The researchers conclude that language of politics has the power to weave visions and “imaginaries” that can alter, obfuscate, and politically interpret realities.
Citation: Agbeleoba S.O., Fafiyebi D., Bamigboye O., Feyisara O., Bamisaye T. (2023) ‘Emi Lo Kan’ Concept in Nigerian Politics: A Critical Discourse Defragmentation, Global Journal of Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences, Vol.11, No.4, pp.32-40
Politicians, through political discourse, filter messages laden with ideologies and political agendas. The fact that this discourse type portrays political thinking through deploying different strategies of communication renders the current paper’s main foci manifold. For instance, it studies tweets of the US President Donald Trump in the year 2019. The tool adopted in this small-scale study is deixis precisely the pronominal system (I, you, we and they). The latter helps uncover cognitive mechanisms, ideological drives, attitudes etc, in the president’s discourse. These objectives are approached through both quantitative and qualitative analyses, while implementing van Dijk’s socio-cognitive approach’s discourse stage of analysis . Interestingly, results show that the highest frequency of occurrence is linked to the first pronoun singular ‘I’, the pronouns ‘we’ and ‘you’ are rated second. The last one in the list is the pronoun ‘they’. Results also show that the writer relates ‘non-ego’ to his ego in Rauh’s words . Moreover, the pronoun ‘we’ has been used both inclusively and exclusively depending on the president’s agenda and aims. The pronoun ‘you’ has been proven to have ‘a dual use as in the previous case. As for the pronoun ‘they’ it has been used to talk not only about those in the periphery zone but also about those who are appreciated.
Perception is arguably one of the most contentious issues in epistemology or the theory of knowledge. It is in fact considered a fulcrum of the discourse as it appears to encapsulate the different thought patterns as to the explanation of how epistemological agents encounter and extract basic bodies of knowledge from the world as it is. Different theories have however been put forward in the explanation of how perception translates to a true, justified belief of the external world, ourselves and extra sensory states. This paper is therefore a review of some of the prominent theories of perception. It also analyses some of the fundamental propositions of the theories in the process of knowing and justifying what is known. It concludes that the theories are rather, more complimentary than divergent since perception can either be sensory or introspective.
Language Use in Political Advertising- A Rhetorical Discourse on “See Who Wants to Be President of Nigeria” (Published)
Effective communication is essential in consensus building and public opinion. Language as the vehicle for thought expression generates feelings which are exploited for political gains in an electioneering campaign. It means that word choice and their purposes are explored in political communication to secure a berthe for asserting justifications in a political context. This discourse, therefore, analyses how “See who wants to be President of Nigeria,” was used, through political advertisement, to expose incompetence and ignorance as unacceptable in a decent and democratic society, like Nigeria. It is an exercise in political communication, using language and word choice as the becon for the rejection of a candidate in Nigeria’s presidential election of April, 2015.
BEYOND ANTHROPOLOGICAL AND ASSOCIATIONAL DISCOURSE- INTERROGATING THE MINIMALISM OF IKOM MONOLITHS AS CONCEPT AND FOUND OBJECT ART (Published)
Ikom Monoliths are a unique form of African visual creativity, which typifies a traditional art genre defined by minimalism aesthetics. These unique abstractionism, positions the Ikom Monoliths apart, in formal configuration and content, from other established traditional African art conventions. However, this unique aesthetic paradigm imbedded in the Ikom Monoliths, is under-researched. The main purport of this study was aimed art propounding a new perspective of investigating these creative stone carvings, which will bring to lime light their peculiar artistic visual qualities, and locate them within a creative conventional context. At the base of this study, the current discourse on Ikom Monoliths was surveyed, which indicated that, such discourse was drawn along anthropological lines of investigation, which incorporates various ambiguities. This is because, such anthropological discourse reduces these monoliths to mere artefacts and monuments, thereby depriving them of their artistic being. This study equally identified the discourse of aesthetic association, as another paradoxical mode of enquiry employed by most scholars in discussing Ikom Monoliths and pointed out that, the association/relation of the Ikom Monoliths with Western European monuments like Stonehenge, Menhirs, or Megaliths, was both problematic and misleading. This study rather employed an artistic methodology of investigation which focused on interrogating the visual artistic qualities of these stone carvings. The result of this intrinsic investigation, led to the submissions that, the Ikom Monoliths possesses conceptual minimalist qualities which set them apart as a peculiar aesthetic genre from other traditional African artworks, and further positing that the Ikom Monoliths are traditional Found Object. This findings therefore, underpins the fact that, the concept of Found Object transmutation in African art, predates its usage and appearance in Western European art cultures.