International Journal of Nursing, Midwife and Health Related Cases (IJNMH)

EA Journals


Level of Compliance to Covid-19 Prevention Protocol in Primary Healthcare Centres in Obingwa Local Government Area (Published)

This study was carried out to assess the level of compliance to COVID-19 prevention protocol in in primary healthcare centres in Obingwa LGA. Eight research objectives and corresponding eight research questions were raised to guide the study along with three hypotheses. The Cross-sectional research design adopted and 250 primary healthcare workers were sampled using multi-stage sampling technique. Questionnaire and checklist were used for data collection while descriptive and inferential statistics contained in SPSS version were used for data analysis, the research question were answered using descriptive statistic while hypotheses were tested using independent sample t-test and ANOVA. The results revealed that; there is inadequate provision of facilities and material required for effective compliance to COVID-19 prevention protocols in the primary health caters within the studied area because only four (4) out of the eleven (11) identified essential facilities are fairly available in the sampled study area. the results revealed that the level of compliance to Coughing and Sneezing Protocols is high (2,79> 2.50), compliance level for Personal Protective Equipment Protocols is low (2.07<2.50), compliance level for Self-isolation Protocols is high (2.89>2.50), the level of compliance for Mouth and Nose Covering (Masking) Protocols is low (2.21<2.50), the compliance level for Social and Physical Distancing Procedure is high (2.53>2.50( and  compliance level for Hand-washing Procedure is low (2.08<2.50). the results of the hypothesis testing revealed that the demographic characteristics (gender, type of work and years of experience) are significant predictor of compliance to the COVID-19 prevention protocols at 0.05 significance level. It was concluded, among others, that there is low level of compliance to COVID-19 prevention protocols by the health care workers in the study area. It was, therefore, recommended, among others, that government, and concerned non-governmental organizations should make provision for the facilities and material needed for effective compliance to COVID-19 protocols in primary healthcare Centre in the studied area.

Keywords: COVID-19, Compliance, Prevention, protocols.

Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Preventive Measures towards COVID-19 among Pregnant Women Attending Selected Primary Health Centre’s in Osogbo, Osun State (Published)

Background: COVID-19 is a new viral disease, and health researchers are currently evaluating its effects on pregnant women and their unborn children. There is dearth of research available to support the argument that pregnant women are at greater risk of COVID-19 disease.Methods: This study used an exploratory research design to examine the knowledge, attitude and practice of preventive measures towards COVID-19 among pregnant women in Osogbo, Osun state. 382 subjects were selected using a simple random technique. Self-developed questionnaire was the instrument used to collect data. The data collected were analyzed using statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) and the results were presented using tables and percentages. Six null hypotheses were tested using chi-square at 0.05 level of significance. Results: Result of this study shows that nearly half of the respondents are within 18-25 (45.0%) years of age, 79(63.6%) are Muslims and 358(93.7%) are from the Yoruba tribe. This study also reveals that the respondents do have significant knowledge on the novel Coronavirus disease and a good attitude towards the prevention of COVID-19 as they practice frequent hand washing, sanitizer use and maintenance of social distancing. From the hypothesis tested, there is significant association between the education level of the respondents and their knowledge and attitude of preventive measures towards COVID-19 and no association between the age of the pregnant women and practice of preventive measures towards COVID-19. Conclusion: From the study, there seems to be a moderate level of awareness on the preventive measures towards COVID-19 among pregnant women in Osogbo but increase in the level of awareness and educational program can be done by the government and health workers in order have a very good attitude and awareness which will eventually improve the rate of adherence and compliance towards COVID-19 preventive measures.


Keywords: COVID-19, Knowledge, Preventive, attitude, pregnancy

Life-Distress and Work Burnout as Predictors of Organizational Reactions and Social-Emotional Stability of Nurses in Eastern Nigeria (Biafra) (Implications for Covid-19 Health-Care Givers/Providers) (Published)

The study examined life-distress and work-burnout as predictors of nurses’ organizational reactions and social-emotional stability in Eastern Nigeria (Biafra). A cluster-sampled 230 General Hospitals nurses in Anambra State between 25-48 years and SD 5.33 participated, in which valid/reliable instruments, predictive cross-sectional designs, and multiple regression statistics were adopted. Findings were: Life-distress has relationship with organizational reactions of the nurses. Burnout does not have relationship with nurses’ organizational reactions. Life-distress does not have relationship with nurses’ emotional stability. Burnout adversely affects nurses’ emotional stability. Life-distress will not lead to nurses’ organizational reactions. Life-distress will not lead to nurses’ emotional stability. Burnout will not lead to nurses’ organizational reactions. Low burnout will lead to nurses’ emotional stability. Recommendations: While encouraging nurses to develop work competencies for coping with life-distress and burnout, complimentary healthy psycho-organizational enablers should be established in hospitals. This will assist health-care givers cope with pressure of managing COVID-19 pandemic.

Keywords: Biafra, COVID-19, Nurses, health-care-givers, life-distress, organizational-reactions, social-emotional stability, work-burnout

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