Level of Compliance to Covid-19 Prevention Protocol in Primary Healthcare Centres in Obingwa Local Government Area (Published)
This study was carried out to assess the level of compliance to COVID-19 prevention protocol in in primary healthcare centres in Obingwa LGA. Eight research objectives and corresponding eight research questions were raised to guide the study along with three hypotheses. The Cross-sectional research design adopted and 250 primary healthcare workers were sampled using multi-stage sampling technique. Questionnaire and checklist were used for data collection while descriptive and inferential statistics contained in SPSS version were used for data analysis, the research question were answered using descriptive statistic while hypotheses were tested using independent sample t-test and ANOVA. The results revealed that; there is inadequate provision of facilities and material required for effective compliance to COVID-19 prevention protocols in the primary health caters within the studied area because only four (4) out of the eleven (11) identified essential facilities are fairly available in the sampled study area. the results revealed that the level of compliance to Coughing and Sneezing Protocols is high (2,79> 2.50), compliance level for Personal Protective Equipment Protocols is low (2.07<2.50), compliance level for Self-isolation Protocols is high (2.89>2.50), the level of compliance for Mouth and Nose Covering (Masking) Protocols is low (2.21<2.50), the compliance level for Social and Physical Distancing Procedure is high (2.53>2.50( and compliance level for Hand-washing Procedure is low (2.08<2.50). the results of the hypothesis testing revealed that the demographic characteristics (gender, type of work and years of experience) are significant predictor of compliance to the COVID-19 prevention protocols at 0.05 significance level. It was concluded, among others, that there is low level of compliance to COVID-19 prevention protocols by the health care workers in the study area. It was, therefore, recommended, among others, that government, and concerned non-governmental organizations should make provision for the facilities and material needed for effective compliance to COVID-19 protocols in primary healthcare Centre in the studied area.
Nurse-Led Intervention on Prevention and Home Management of Diarrhoea Among Mothers of Under-5 Children in Surulere Local Government, Lagos State (Published)
The adverse impact of diarrhoea in Nigeria as a nation cannot be far-fetched with various scientific findings and correlation over the years. The prevalence of childhood diarrhoea in Nigeria is 18.8%. Therefore, the study examined the effect of nurse-led intervention on prevention of diarrhoea among mothers of under-5 children. The study adopted a two group quasi-experimental design. Purposive and proportional sampling techniques were used to select 161 participants for the study. Two instruments were used as tools for collecting information from the respondents which are questionnaire and checklist. The study was carried out in three phases namely pre-intervention, intervention and post-intervention stage. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyse the data collected at 0.05 level of significance. The results revealed that respondents’ knowledge of prevention of diarrhoea among mothers of under-5 children was low at the pre-intervention stage for both the experimental group (8.03±1.19) and the control group (8.02±1.28) while it increased significantly at the immediate post intervention for the experimental group (20.01±1.97) while the control group (8.75±0.74) remained almost the same. There were significant differences in the post intervention knowledge of prevention of diarrhoea between mothers of under-5 children in the intervention and control group (Mean difference = 11.26; t = 39.291; p < .05); and post intervention knowledge of preventive skills for diarrhoea between mothers of under-5 children in the intervention and control group (Mean difference = 8.90; t = 33.750; p < .05). The study concluded that nurse-led intervention increased the levels of knowledge of prevention and preventive skills of diarrhoea among mothers of under-5 children. It was recommended among others that an intensive and comprehensive educational initiative should be organized by nursing leaders and tailored to meeting the specific needs of mothers.
Citation: Adepoju, Sarah Oluseyi and Sowunmi, Christiana Olanrewaju (2022) Nurse-Led Intervention on Prevention and Home Management of Diarrhoea Among Mothers of Under-5 Children in Surulere Local Government, Lagos State, International Journal of Nursing, Midwife and Health Related Cases, Vol.8, No.2, pp.1-10