International Journal of Interdisciplinary Research Methods (IJIRM)

EA Journals

Cross River State

Sources of Information and Attitude of Women Toward Family Planning in Selected Rural Areas in Boki Local Government, Cross River State (Published)

Family planning is one of the most successful development interventions of the past 50 years. It is unique in its range of potential benefits, encompassing economic development, maternal and child health, and educational advances among others. The evidence is clear: Family planning improves health, reduces poverty, and empowers women. Yet, today, more than 200 million women in the developing world want to avoid pregnancy but do not have the right sources of information on family planning. This made them face many obstacles, including a lack of access to information and health care services. A descriptive survey design was adopted in this study and no variable was manipulated. Rural women of childbearing age were used in this study, stratified sampling technique was used to select 200 respondents from 12 wards in Boki LGA of cross river state. Two valid and reliable instruments were used for data collection. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and the Pearson moment product. The result reveals that women between the age of 31 and above are involved in family planning, the level of their education is at SSCE with a percent of (42%), rural women’s attitude has a positive relationship with Family planning (N=200, r = .915**, p<.005). It is recommended that childbearing age women in rural communities should be given enough information on family planning as well as its importance in society. 

Tuku, Paulina Mbua, and  Ofem Ubi Arikpo, (2022 ) Sources of Information and Attitude of Women Toward Family Planning in Selected Rural Areas in Boki Local Government, Cross River State, International Journal of Interdisciplinary Research Methods, Vol.9, No.2, pp.1-14

Keywords: Boki local government, Cross River State, Family Planning, Information, Women, attitude

Psycho-Social Variables of Examination Malpractice Tendencies among Senior Secondary School Students in Calabar Education Zone, Cross River State, Nigeria (Published)

This study examined psycho-social variables of examination malpractice tendencies among secondary students in Calabar education zone of Cross River State. Relevant literature was reviewed to enhance the work and for better understanding. A sample of 520 students was used for the study. Two research questions were posed and 2 hypotheses formulated to guide the study. Ex-post facto design was adopted. Psycho-social variables of Examination Malpractice Tendencies Questionnaire (PVEMTQ) was used to gather data for the study. With stratified random sampling technique, 520 students were selected from 23 secondary schools, using proportionate selection technique. Data gathered were analyzed with one-way Analysis of variance (ANOVA). All the hypotheses were tested at 0.05 alpha level of significance from the analysis it was revealed that students attitude to school, student test anxiety do not significantly influence students examination malpractice tendencies. Based on the findings of this study, it was recommended that, principal should explore other means of assessment of the students for development of better attitude to school, by giving them open test, assignment. Principal should organize educational programmes on examination stress management, to assist students in coping with test anxiety. Principal should build self-confidence on examinees prior to the period of examination, to help reduced malpractice tendencies.


Keywords: : examination malpractice, Calabar education zone, Cross River State, Nigeria, Senior Secondary School Students, psycho-social variables

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