International Journal of Interdisciplinary Research Methods (IJIRM)

EA Journals


Sources of Information and Attitude of Women Toward Family Planning in Selected Rural Areas in Boki Local Government, Cross River State (Published)

Family planning is one of the most successful development interventions of the past 50 years. It is unique in its range of potential benefits, encompassing economic development, maternal and child health, and educational advances among others. The evidence is clear: Family planning improves health, reduces poverty, and empowers women. Yet, today, more than 200 million women in the developing world want to avoid pregnancy but do not have the right sources of information on family planning. This made them face many obstacles, including a lack of access to information and health care services. A descriptive survey design was adopted in this study and no variable was manipulated. Rural women of childbearing age were used in this study, stratified sampling technique was used to select 200 respondents from 12 wards in Boki LGA of cross river state. Two valid and reliable instruments were used for data collection. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and the Pearson moment product. The result reveals that women between the age of 31 and above are involved in family planning, the level of their education is at SSCE with a percent of (42%), rural women’s attitude has a positive relationship with Family planning (N=200, r = .915**, p<.005). It is recommended that childbearing age women in rural communities should be given enough information on family planning as well as its importance in society. 

Tuku, Paulina Mbua, and  Ofem Ubi Arikpo, (2022 ) Sources of Information and Attitude of Women Toward Family Planning in Selected Rural Areas in Boki Local Government, Cross River State, International Journal of Interdisciplinary Research Methods, Vol.9, No.2, pp.1-14

Keywords: Boki local government, Cross River State, Family Planning, Information, Women, attitude

Value orientation, Parental attitude and examination malpractice (Published)

Citation: Anyin Nnyenkpa Ntui, Effiom Bassey Ekeng, and Florence Undiyaundeye (2022) Value orientation, Parental attitude and examination malpractice, International Journal of Interdisciplinary Research Methods, Vol.9, No.1, pp.16-26

Abstract: The purpose of this study was to investigate on value orientation, parental attitude and attitude to examination malpractice among senior secondary school students in Southern Educational Zone of Cross River State. To achieve the purpose of this study, two null hypotheses were generated to direct the study. Literature review was done according to the variables under study. Ex-post factor research design was adopted for the study. A sample of one thousand (1000) students was randomly selected. The selection was done through the simple random sampling technique. The questionnaire was the main instrument used for data collection. The instrument was both face and content validated by the supervisors and experts in measurement and evaluation in the Faculty of Education, University of Calabar, Calabar. The reliability estimates of the instruments established through split-halg reliability method. The reliability co-efficient ranges from 0.70-1.83. Pearson product moment correlation analysis and one-way analysis of variance!(ANOVA)!were the statistical analysis techniques adopted to test the hypotheses under study. All hypotheses were subjected to testing at 0.05 level of significance with relative degrees of freedom. The results of the analysis revealed that, parental socio-economic status, parental occupation, parental educational level, family size, value orientation and parental attitude significantly influence students’ attitude towards examination malpractice in southern educational zone of Cross River State. Based on the results and findings of the study, it was recommended that Action arising from the results of the study could include the following to minimize examination!malpractice. the results of the study should be presented to the Department and Faculty. The counselors to Guidance and Counselling Units should discuss results at seminars organized by the!authority and regularly organise parents teachers association (PTA)!meeting!where school/examination related problems could be discussed. This is to create awareness for parents, counselors teachers, school and other stakeholders in education on the prevailing incidence of examination malpractice status. Teachers and consumers should help students to develop a sensitive self-concept and value orientation of themselves to abhor examination malpractice.  !!Government, School Educational Board and non-governmental organizations should assist in providing schools with necessary learning facilities to improve upon the present teaching/learning situation. This will go a long way to helping the less privileged students. Teachers and counselors should identify strategies of reducing test anxiety by giving frequent tests to students as this may reduce malpractice behaviours during examination. Parents should not encourage malpractice behaviour among students by sponsoring them financially.!School authorities should ensure that teachers perform their duties effectively to avoid students’ involvement in examination malpractice. Dedicated teachers/students on examination ethics mattess should be identified and re-warded accordingly.There is need to re-emphasis continuous assessment in our secondary schools as it is predicated on the belief that several samples of an individual test records will give a better aggregate of individual students than a one sample or a few samples only would give. Besides, continuous assessment helps to check the incidence of examination malpractice, tremendous anxiety and nesvousness in students during examinations.!! Examination ethics code of conduct should be produced and distributed in schools and education offices. This should spell out duties and responsibilities as well as penalties needed for the conduct of examination in our secondary schools. Examination ethics clubs should also be formed in our secondary schools.

Keywords: : examination malpractice, Student, Value Orientation, attitude, parental

The Attitude of Students to General Studies Computer Based Tests in Universities in South West Nigeria (Published)

Keywords: Computer Based tests and General Studies, attitude

Cooperative Learning Method and Junior Secondary Students’ Attitude towards Socially Acceptable Behaviours in Rivers State, Nigeria (Published)

This exploration was a quasi-experimental study which was aimed to investigate the effect of Cooperative Learning Method (CLM)  on the Junior Secondary School (JSS) Students’ Attitude towards Socially Acceptable Behaviours in Port Harcourt Local Government Area(LGA) of Rivers State, Nigeria. A sample of 240 JSS II students constituted the sample of this study. A validated 10-item instrument titled Students’ Attitudes Towards Socially Acceptable Behaviour Scale (SATSABS) was used for data collection. The reliability of SATSABS was found to be r = 0.76. One research question and one hypothesis guided the study. The experimental group was taught using the cooperative learning method whereas the control group was taught using the lecture method. Mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research question whereas analysis of covariance was used to test the hypothesis at .05 alpha level. The findings showed that students who were taught using cooperative learning method improved in learning more than their counterparts who were taught using lecture method. Furthermore, there was a significant difference in attitude towards socially acceptable behaviours between students taught with CLM and those taught with Lecture Method in favour of CLM. It was recommended among others that teachers should endeavour to adopt CLM in their teaching of students in the junior secondary schools as this has been proven to improve their attitude towards socially acceptable behaviours.

Keywords: Cooperative learning method, attitude, junior secondary students’, socially acceptable behaviours

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