International Journal of Business and Management Review (IJBMR)

EA Journals


Corporate Governance and Debt Financing of Listed Manufacturing Firms in Nigeria (Published)

The study assessed the relationship between corporate governance and capital structure of listed manufacturing firms in Nigeria. The study employed secondary data covering a period of 10 years (2012 – 2021) with sample of 28 listed manufacturing firms. The study obtained annual reports of listed firms from their respective websites and Nigerian Stock Exchange (NSE) Factbook. The data were analysed using pool ordinary least squared and fixed effect model estimation. The findings revealed a significant relationship between the corporate governance and debt financing of the listed manufacturing firms in Nigeria. Specifically, results show that corporate governance variables such as the board size ((t = 2.120 p < 0.05), the board composition (t= 9.288, p < 0.05) and CEO duality (t =2.306, p< 0.005) had positive and significant effect on use of debt funding of listed manufacturing firms in Nigeria. The study concluded that the practice of corporate governance contributes and play significant role in finance decision and enhanced financial performance in Nigeria. Therefore, policy maker should ensure a combination of some mandatory minimum rules and flexibility above the minimum level that will ensure effective financing decision by manufacturing firms in Nigeria.

Keywords: Corporate Governance, Debt, Financing, Manufacturing, Nigeria

An Empirical Analysis of National Debt, Debt Servicing and the Growth of the Nigerian Economy (Published)

Nigeria’s national debt and debt servicing expenditure has been on the increase since from 1981 till date, this has prompted the researchers to study the impact and economic implications of this rise in debt and debt servicing profile on the growth of the Nigerian economy. The study adopted annual debt stock, debt service expenditure and the control variables of exchange rate and inflation rate as the independent parameters which were regression against gross domestic product as proxy for the growth of the Nigerian economy and response variable. Secondary data were collected from Central Bank of Nigeria Statistical Bulletin and the Debt Management Office for the ranging from 1981 to 2019. The study employed multiple regression techniques assisted by the E-views computer software for the analysis of data. The results revealed that annual national debt and exchange rate had significant impact on the growth of the Nigerian economy with a P-value of 0.0180 and 0.0070 respectively which were less than the 0.05 level of significance. Debt servicing and inflation rate had no significant impact on economic growth in Nigeria with a P-value of 0.1054 and 0.5011 respectively. In the overall, the results of the model indicated that debt and debt servicing had statistically significant effect on economic growth with overall probability of F-statistics value of 0.050683 which less than the 0.05 significance level. Based on the findings the study recommended that the monetary authorities should put in place appropriate steps to properly manage the Nation’s debt stock and the cost of servicing debt; and that the country’s borrowings should be invested on viable capital projects as well as human capital that will yield economic returns.

Keywords: Debt, Debt Servicing, Exchange Rate, Gross Domestic Product, Inflation Rate

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