Global Journal of Human Resource Management (GJHRM)

EA Journals

Employee Productivity

The Influence of Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation in Workers’ Productivity: Empirical Evidence from the Construction Industry (Published)

The human resource remains the most critical productive asset of any organization as it is the human element that gives direction and dynamism to the organization. This study investigated the effect intrinsic motivations and extrinsic motivations have on employee productivity of four selected construction companies in Delta State. To achieve its objectives, the study adopted a quantitative research approach with a survey research design. From a population figure of 242 low-level permanent employees of the four selected construction companies in Delta State, 151 constituted the sample as data were collected through a structured questionnaire using the cross-sectional approach. Descriptive statistics and simple regression analysis were used to analyze the data gathered and test the study hypotheses. Findings revealed that intrinsic motivation has a significant positive effect on employee productivity and extrinsic motivation also exerts a significant positive effect on employee productivity. Also, the most effective tools of extrinsic motivation are competitive salaries, extra work bonuses, and opportunities for promotion. Based on these findings, it was concluded amongst others, that the desire to gain mastery and contributes to societal development through construction-related activities gives low-level construction workers some level of satisfaction and financial-related incentives have an immediate and powerful effect on their performance. The key recommendation of the study is that to make a foster high level of productivity from the employee, top management should adopt a performance-based payment system and sell the benefits of contributing to societal development to the construction workers, acknowledging their contribution through noble initiatives like recognition from an authority, opportunity for mentoring, participation in decision making.


Keywords: Employee Productivity, Extrinsic Motivation, Intrinsic Motivation

Job Satisfaction and Employee Productivity: Evidence from Selected Universities in South-East, Nigeria (Published)

The study examined the effect of job satisfaction on employee productivity of public universities in South-East, Nigeria. Survey research design was adopted for the study. Data were collected though the questionnaires distributed among academic staff of South-East States of Nigerian public universities, and analyzed using five point likert’s scale. Regression analysis was used to test the two formulated hypotheses with aid of SPSS version 20.0. Based on the analysis, the study found that working condition and salary have positive significant effect on the employee productivity of public universities in South-East, Nigeria. Based on the findings, the study recommended amongst others that there is need for the university authorities and government to create a pleasant and supportive working environment for academic staff in terms of provision of physical facilities like infrastructures, laboratories, ventilated classrooms, hostels, teaching facilitators and development of various training programs that will encourage academic achievement.

Keywords: Employee Productivity, Job Satisfaction, Working Condition, salary


This article examines that in every organization, the aim of every manager is to see that productivity is enhanced and efficiency attained. The means of achieving this goal hinges on many factors but for the purpose of this study we will look into capacity building as a tool for increase in productivity in the public sector organisation in Nigeria. It cannot be over emphasized in these modern management system where there are changes in information system and globalization. This trend has made the public sector organizations realize the very importance of human capital development these days. The origin of training and staff development in Nigeria dated back to 1970. Before this time, training and development had been going on in Nigeria without notice. It has brought to limelight at the 14th Annual General Meeting of Nigeria Employer Consultative Association (NECA) in December, 1970. When Chief Anthony Enahoro, the then federal commissioner for labour and productivity commented on the importance of role of employers in training their employees.

Keywords: Development, Efficiency and Public Sector, Employee Productivity, Management, Training

Human Resource Planning and Employee productivity in Nigeria Public Organization (Published)

Productivity in the Nigerian public organizations have suffered serious decline as researches have shown that productivity has not really improved even with the enormous human resources at their disposition hence the assertion that the importance of human resources cannot be relegated to the background as organizations’ greatest asset is a well-planned and managed human resources implies that adequate plan must be put in place for those resources to engender productivity vis-à-vis the effective management of the workforce. This general dissatisfaction has put human resource planning out as the solution to the issue of employee’s unproductivity in the Nigerian public organizations. Addressing this issue is the thrust of this paper as it investigates the role of Human Resources Planning (HRP) in ensuring employee productivity in the Nigeria Public Organizations.

Keywords: Employee Productivity, Human Resource Management, Human Resources, Human Resources Development, Planning, Public Organization

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