Global Journal of Human Resource Management (GJHRM)

EA Journals

Banking Sector

Evaluating the Impact of Training and Skill Development Programs on Employee Performance in Banking Sector / Financial Institutions (Published)

In the ever-evolving landscape of the banking industry, the imperative of maintaining a highly skilled and adaptable workforce is paramount. This research undertakes a comprehensive examination of the influence exerted by training and skill development programs on employee performance within private banks. The study endeavors to unravel the intricacies of the relationship between training initiatives, skill enhancement, and overall organizational outcomes. Employing a meticulously crafted mixed-methods approach, combining quantitative surveys and qualitative interviews, this research seeks to provide a nuanced and holistic understanding of the multifaceted dynamics at play. The literature review situates this study within the broader context of research on training programs and employee performance. While existing studies demonstrate a positive correlation between employee training and improved performance, it is acknowledged that the effectiveness of such programs is contingent upon factors such as program design, delivery methods, and organizational culture. The specific nuances within the private banking sector necessitate a dedicated exploration to bridge the current gap in the literature. Methodologically, a mixed-methods approach was employed to capture the richness and depth of the phenomenon under investigation. Quantitative data was gathered through structured surveys distributed among employees who had participated in training programs within private banks. Likert scales were employed to assess perceived improvements in skill levels and performance outcomes. Concurrently, qualitative data was obtained through in-depth interviews with key stakeholders, including human resource professionals and training facilitators, providing a more holistic understanding of the contextual factors influencing program efficacy. Preliminary analysis of the data suggests an overall positive perception among employees regarding the impact of training and skill development programs on their performance. Quantitative results reveal statistically significant improvements in self-reported skill levels and job performance. Qualitative findings enrich the understanding by uncovering the nuanced role of program design, support mechanisms, and organizational culture in shaping the outcomes of training initiatives. The ensuing discussion synthesizes the quantitative and qualitative findings, exploring the implications of the results for human resource management practices and organizational strategy within private banks. This section delves into potential areas for improvement in the design and implementation of training programs, offering actionable recommendations for private banks seeking to optimize the impact of these initiatives on employee performance. In doing so, this research contributes valuable insights to both academic research and the practical realm of human resource management and organizational development within the banking sector.

Keywords: Banking Sector, Employee Performance, Training, financial institutions, skill development programs

Evaluating the Influence and Implications of Strategic Human Resource Management on Organisational Effectiveness of Banks in Kurdistan Region of Iraq (Published)

This study examines the extent in which Strategic Human Resources Management (SHRM) influences the organisational effectiveness of banks in Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG). The study attempts to identify some of the problems affecting Banks’ effectiveness. A total of 93 questionnaires were distributed to one local private bank (Kurdistan Bank), one local public or state-owned bank (Zagros Bank) and one internationally owned bank (Abu Dhabi Bank). Of the above number, 74 questionnaires were successfully retrieved and the results were analysed using SPSS 22. The results from the study showed that most of the variations in organisational effectiveness that are attributed to changes in (SHRM) are observable in the public or state-owned banks. The results also showed that most SHRM practices are insignificant in the context of individual banks but more significant in the context of all banks. Furthermore, it was observed that performance systems have a negative effect on private and internationally owned banks. The conclusion drawn from the study is that the effects of SHRM on organisational effectiveness in the banking sector are the same between the banks. The study is significant as it contributes to the formulation of strategies that will help to attract and retain the right, qualified and skilled employees who can facilitate the performance and success of the banks employees’ welfare. The study is one of the few types of research that looks at the implications of Strategic Human Resources on the organisational effectiveness of banks in the Middle East with regards to KRG. It will also form part and parcel of a foundation for establishing a base for conducting future studies

Keywords: Banking Sector, Effectiveness, Human Resource Management, KRG, Strategic Human Resource Management

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