Global Journal of Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences (GJAHSS)

EA Journals


Prevalence of Rape in Ekiti State Nigeria: Expectations from the Church (Published)

The article investigates the prevalence of rape and sexual assaults in Ekiti   State, Nigeria. It reviews some pieces of literature on rape from scholarly perspectives; rape in the bible and its effects were equally investigated. The causes and effects of rape were emphasized in work. The article examined expectations from the church being the moral bastion of society. It is a concern that rape has become cancer that has eaten deep into our contemporary society. There have been reported cases of rape in Ekiti state, which calls for this article. It is no doubt that some men have thrown morals into the bin and defiled women of all ages, but children are not left behind in this contemporary madness. Some men have slept with children far below their children’s ages. The research shows that rape is not exclusive to the state under study; allegations of rape and molestation have come from different states in Nigeria using qualitative and interview approaches.    The paper equally gives information on reported and cases of convicted culprits of rape in the state. Likewise, efforts of the State Government and the church to forestall rape were revealed in this work. Nevertheless, it was observed that despite the efforts of Ekiti State in curtailing rape in the state, it is still prevalent. However, this is due to the number of new cases reported daily. Consequently, the call for church intervention as the moral bastion of society to forestall rape is imperative at this juncture. It has been discovered in the work that cases of rape are underreported due to the stigma and shame associated with it. Ekiti state, just like every other state in Nigeria, is a patriarch in nature. Hence, men are always at an advantage in nearly everything. Therefore, the paper recommends that the church intensify efforts to enlighten society through radio, television evangelism, counselling, preaching and workshop on the danger of rape. Finally, rape victims should be given the moral and medical support needed for their healing from the physical, emotional and psychological traumas associated with rape.

Keywords: Church, Ekiti State, Expectations, Nigeria, Prevalence, Rape

The prevalence of Female Genital Mutilation (FGM): The Prospective form of Angacha district Kembata Community; SNNPRS, Ethiopia (Published)

Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) is recognized internationally as a violation of human rights of girls and women constituting an extreme form of gender discrimination with documented health consequences. The study aimed to assess the prevalence of FGM practice in the study area. A community based cross-sectional study design was applied. Both quantitative and qualitative study methods are employed. A total of 278 women at reproductive age (15-49) are sampled for the study from six randomly selected kebeles of Angacha woreda. The survey data was analyzed by SPSS software version 20. Descriptive statistics such as mean, percentage, and frequency are used for analyzing data. Qualitative data is analyzed thematically and the result is presented in narration. From study participants, 92.4% are practiced FGM, and 77.7% of are undergone themselves. The practice is undergone by health professionals at night time. Traditions, reproductive and community roles, norms, and values regarding gender equality are the major push factors for the continuation of the FGM. Mothers are the primary supporters of the practice in the family. Based on the findings, it was concluded that, the prevalence of FGM is high in the study area. Attitudinal transformation is needed through a cooperative and collaborative campaign of all stakeholders in the entire community by arranging trainings, workshops, and media to minimize the prevalence of female genital mutilation.

Keywords: Female Genital Mutilation, Kembata Community, Prevalence

Prevalence of Mentoring among Graduate Students of Sport Management in Southern Nigerian Universities (Published)

The aim of the study was to find out the prevalence of mentoring among graduate students of sport management in southern Nigerian universities. A cross-sectional survey design was adopted. The population as well as sample for the study was 196 graduate students of sport management. Data were collected using a structured and validated questionnaire titled “Sport Management Mentoring Questionnaire (SMMQ)”. It had reliability coefficient of 0.983 which was established using Cronbach alpha. Data were analyzed using mean and standard deviation. It was found that graduate students of sport management rarely experienced formal and informal mentoring, traditional/face-to-face mentoring, e-mentoring, multiple mentoring, and team mentoring, career and psychosocial mentoring functions, mentoring activities, initiation, cultivation, separation and redefinition phase of mentoring. It was recommended among others that mentoring seminars and conferences should be organized for graduate students by the Department in collaboration with the University. Students should be assigned to or made to choose mentors for mentoring at the point of admission into sport management. Favourable report or result on mentoring should be part of requirements for successful completion of graduate programmes in sport management. A “Centre for Mentoring” especially for sport management should be established by the universities

Keywords: Graduate Students, Mentoring, Prevalence, Universities, sport management

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