British Journal of Psychology Research (BJPR)

EA Journals

Psychological well-being

College-Level Egyptian Students’ Social Relations and Psychological Well-Being as Predictors of Internet Gaming Disorder: Across Gender Comparison (Published)

The primary objective of the present study was to investigate the effects of quality-of-life domains on internet gaming behavior, while also exploring the moderating role of gender in these effects. As part of a broader project, we conducted an analysis involving a sample of 56 college students who reported engaging in internet gaming. Our analysis focused on the disparities between male and female video game players in terms of their playing habits, motivations, satisfaction levels, and perceived impacts on their social and personal lives. Our study aimed to examine the differences in internet gaming disorder between groups using the IGD test. We also assessed the quality of life in four domains – physical, psychological, social relations, and environmental – using the WHOQoL-BREF scale. We expected that the quality-of-life domains, moderated by gender, would be significant predictors of internet gaming disorder. The results revealed that female players are slightly but significantly older than male players. Mor male players reported positive impacts on their personal and social lives compared to females. Also, male participants reported more positive impacts on their lives compared to the reported negative impacts. Male participants showed increased internet gaming disorder scores compared to female participants. They were more prone to develop at-risk and disordered internet gaming behavior. Both male and female participants had similar scores in quality-of-life domains. On the other hand, decreased social relation scores were associated with increased IGD across all participants. However, the association was found to be more significant within female group.In conclusion, Egyptian male students exhibit a higher occurrence of problematic internet gaming behavior compared to female students. Egyptian female players are more prone to developing problematic gaming behavior when their social relations are not satisfactory.

Keywords: College-level Egyptian students', Psychological well-being, internet gaming disorder across gender comparison, social relations

From Face to-Face to Teleworking: A Literature Review on How Different Types of Work Affect Psychological Well-Being (Published)

In 2022, the pandemic showed the first signs of diminishing the virulence and lethality of the coronavirus and its variants. Gradually, workers had to re-adapt from mandatory teleworking into a massive comeback to face-to-face work, while some preferred to stay home office. Through extensive archival research, this research investigated the different types of work and their influence on Psychological Well-Being (PWB) in the Brazilian IT industry. Key findings revealed psychological fallout caused by the pandemic, affecting not only the workers’ performance but also the way workers should work. Some prefer staying home due to fewer distances traveled and lower mobility costs, for instance. In contrast, others prefer face-to-face work because it facilitates communication and meetings, helps establish trust, facilitates clarity in conversations, and saves time during the workday. Finally, we found evidence that face-to-face work also helps improve satisfaction and PWB.

Citation: Schmitz, T. & Dias, M. (2023) From Face-To-Face to Teleworking: A Literature Review On How Different Types of Work Affect Psychological Well-Being, British Journal of Psychology Research, Vol.11, No.2, 1-24

Keywords: Brazil, IT industry, Psychological well-being, teleworking

Literature Review on Trust, Psychological Well-Being, and Leadership Applied To the Workplace Commitment (Published)

An extensive literature review on perceived leadership and organizational commitment process is presented, comprehending trust, psychological well-being, and the quality of exchange between leaders and executive members. Key findings pointed out higher teams` commitment and performance in the workplace. This article addresses servant leadership and provides substantial advice for practitioners to improve organizational functioning. Finally, a discussion on the implications and recommendations for future research compile the present study.

Keywords: Commitment, LMX, Leadership, Psychological well-being, Trust

Emotional Intelligence, Religious Orientation and Marital Satisfaction as Predictors of Psychological Well-Being and Life-Satisfaction among the Anglican Clergy (Published)

The study examined emotional intelligence, religious orientation and marital satisfaction as predictors of psychological well-being and life satisfaction among the Anglican Clergy in Anambra State, Nigeria with 435 participants sampled through cluster and random sampling methods. Valid/reliable Emotional, Marital, Religious and Well-being scales measured emotional intelligence, marital satisfaction, religious orientation and psychological well-being respectively, adopting cross-sectional survey research design and multiple regression analysis statistics. Findings: Emotional intelligence and marital satisfaction had joint and independent prediction of psychological well-being, except for the independent prediction of religious orientation on psychological well-being  (emotional intelligence β =.473, t = 10.577, P <.05; religious orientation β = .074, t = 1.722, P >.05 and marital satisfaction β = .088, t = 2.054, P <.05) and emotional intelligence, religious orientation and marital satisfaction have joint and independent prediction of life satisfaction (emotional intelligence β = .220, t = 4.539, P <.05, religious orientation β = .204, t = 4.352, P >.05, and marital satisfaction β = .204, t = 4.352, P <.05). Recommendations: The Clergy should engage themselves in training to improve their emotional intelligence, so as to enhance their level of religious orientation and marital satisfaction.



Keywords: Anglican, Emotional Intelligence, Psychological well-being, clergy., life satisfaction, marital satisfaction, religious orientation

An Evaluation of Confirmatory Factor Analysis of Ryff’s Psychological Well-Being Scale in a Persian Sample (Published)

This paper examines the construct validity and reliability of the Psychological Well-Being Scale (PWBS) according to the Persian culture and language. Participants (N=577) from a population study of university students were chosen. Confirmatory factor analysis using AMOS software was performed in two steps. In step one, 18 models derived from 3-, 9-, and 14-item forms that emphasized gender differences in addition to first and second order constructs were compared. In step two, the 9-and 14-item forms were compared aiming modification. In step one only the 3-item form achieved reasonable indices. Allowing for gender differences did not result in a model fit in the 9-and 14-item forms.  To achieve a model fit with additional items, in step two, models that used the 9- and 14-item forms with a second order factor structure regardless of gender differences was performed for modification. This modification allowed for greater potential for comparison with other models in order to achieve good indices. The results in step two indicated that after deleting of some items from the two models, the 14-item model showed better construct validity and reliability compared to the model based on the 9-item form in the Persian culture.

Keywords: Measurement, Persian sample, Psychological well-being, confirmatory factor analysis

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