Criticism of Issues and Strategies of Nigerian OTM Curriculum Review and Implementation: A Study of Rivers State Polytechnics (Published)
This study adopted a survey research design on Criticism of Issues and Strategies of Nigerian OTM Curriculum Review and Implementation: a Study of Rivers State Polytechnics. The population of the study was numbered 866 OTM students with a sample of 270 using Krejie and Morgan as sampling technique. Five purposes, research questions and hypotheses were posed and formulated to guide the study. The research instrument used was called “Criticism of Issues and Strategies of Nigerian OTM Curriculum Review and Implementation (CIASONOTMCRAM)” with a four point scale. The instrument was subjected to face and content validation by three experts. To ascertain the reliability and consistency of measurement, a pilot study was done on 14 students which yielded 0.89 co-efficient. A total of 270 copies of the questionnaire were administered and successfully retrieved. Mean statistics was used to answer the research questions, Standard Deviation was employed to find out the extent in which scores clustered around the means and t-test used to analyse the hypotheses. The findings of the study confirmed that there was low level of review and implementation of OTM curriculum in Rivers State Polytechnics. Among other things, it was recommended that there should be very high level of regular review of OTM curriculum, training and retraining to enable lecturers possessed high level of ICT expertise in teaching OTM students to achieve high level of implementation of OTM curriculum in Rivers State Polytechnics
Keywords: Curriculum, OTM curriculum, Strategies., criticism of issues, level of implementation of curriculum, level of review of OTM curriculum, review of curriculum, rivers state polytechnics and Nigeria
Environmental protection is a practice of protecting the natural environment on individual, organizational or governmental levels, for the benefit of both the natural environment and humans. Food packaging is an essential medium for preserving the food quality and minimising food wastage. When packaging waste is not properly handled or disposed, they have adverse or harmful effect on human health and also constitute environment, social and economic hazard. The study focused on the strategies for environmental protection against food packaging waste in Enugu state. Specifically, the study was designed to find out how recycling, reusing of food packaging wastes. A survey design was used for the study and questionnaire was used for data collection. The population of the study was 300 workers of Enugu State Waste Management Authority (ESWAMA). The data collected were analysed using mean and frequency, hypothesis was tested using chi square at 0.05 level of significance. The result of the study showed that; recycling, reusing of food packaging wastes help in the environmental protection in Enugu state. It was recommended that; entrepreneurship should be encouraged in the area of recycling and reusing of food packaging wastes. It was also recommended that Enugu state government should encourage companies to design their product for re-use, recyclability and material reduction and those individuals should be encouraged to be environmental friendly.