The increasing global demand for energy and sustainable development have led to the adoption of solar photovoltaic (PV) technology as a promising solution. Developing countries, with diverse challenges and aspirations, are at a pivotal juncture where solar PV adoption can catalyze transformative change. This study reviews the adoption of solar photovoltaics in developing countries with emphasis on challenges and opportunities. This study discusses the State of Solar PV, Challenges of Solar PV in Developing Countries, and Opportunities and areas of applications. Developing counties are on the verge of a dramatic opportunity in the transition to sustainable energy. International help, in the form of loans, grants, technical support, and cooperative alliances, is a ray of hope, sparking the momentum required to spur the adoption of solar photovoltaic (PV) technology. The crucial role that international collaboration plays in promoting the deployment of solar energy, drawing conclusions from case studies that demonstrate the potential for cooperative efforts to expedite development and create a cleaner, more equitable energy environment. Tanzania serves as an example of how demand for energy solutions may encourage creativity. Haiti, a country that struggles with energy poverty, serves as an example of how international cooperation may be vital to sustainable development. The Solar Market Gardens project was started by the Solar Electric Light Fund (SELF), in collaboration with regional groups and foreign funders. This project increased agricultural production in Haiti.
Small Hydropower (SHP) Development in Nigeria: An Assessment, Challenges, And Opportunities (Published)
This research paper presents an in-depth assessment of small hydropower (SHP) development in Nigeria, analyzing its challenges, opportunities, and implications for the country’s energy landscape. With its vast water resources and growing energy demand, Nigeria stands poised to harness the potential of SHP as a clean and sustainable energy source. The paper explores the multifaceted dimensions of SHP development, encompassing technical feasibility, regulatory frameworks, environmental impact assessments, socio-economic benefits, and community engagement. Through a comprehensive analysis, the study identifies barriers such as technical complexities, regulatory ambiguities, environmental concerns, financial constraints, and the imperative of community involvement.The significance of SHP in Nigeria’s energy mix is underscored by its potential to enhance energy security, reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and stimulate rural electrification. However, realizing these potential demands strategic recommendations. Strengthening the regulatory framework, embracing technological innovations, implementing environmental mitigation measures, fostering innovative financial mechanisms, and investing in capacity building emerge as key strategies. The research reveals the importance of collaboration among governmental bodies, private sector stakeholders, research institutions, local communities, and international partners. This collective effort is crucial to overcoming challenges and capitalizing on the opportunities presented by SHP development. The paper concludes by emphasizing the transformative impact that well-planned SHP projects can have on Nigeria’s energy sustainability, economic growth, and environmental responsibility.