International Journal of Public Health, Pharmacy and Pharmacology (IJPHPP)

EA Journals


Factors Influencing Contraceptive Use Among Traders in Boundary Market of Ajeromi Ifelodun, LGA, Lagos State (Published)

It is the intentional prevention of conception or impregnation during sexual activity through natural or man-made means. The widely accepted strategy is regulating and controlling fertility through contraception. Contraceptive use has been known to have numerous health benefits in the area of preventing unplanned pregnancies, ensuring optimum spacing between births, reducing maternal and child mortality, and improving the lives of women and children in general. This study is on factors influencing contraceptive use among traders in Boundary market of Ajeromi.Ifelodun. A quantitative research design was used for the study. A calculated sample size of 370 was gotten from the target population of 2645. Questionnaire was used to collect data from only the consented traders. The findings of the study reveals that 9(2.6%) of the respondents representing had poor knowledge of contraceptives, 176(50%), had moderate knowledge while 167(47.4%) had high knowledge of contraceptives. This means. most of the respondents had good knowledge of contraceptives while the perceived factors influencing contraceptive use identified among the traders were partner’s disapproval of use of contraceptives, in-frequent sex with spouse, financial implication, fear of side effects, religious inclinations, and cultural beliefs. Also, there was no significant association between socio-demographic characteristics and background knowledge of contraceptives among traders in Boundary market. It is recommended that stakeholders in the health committee of the market should liase with nearby health facility for quarterly outreach program in the market pending the availability of their own health facility.

Keywords: Contraceptives, Factors Influencing, traders

Impact of Health Education on Hypertension Knowledge, Motivation and Preventive Practices towards Hypertension Control among Pre-Hypertensive Traders in Lagos State, Nigeria (Published)

Undiagnosed cases of hypertension remain prevalent in developing countries. Insufficient and lack of knowledge of hypertension and its risk factors limit its proper management and healthy self-care practices. Therefore, this study assessed effect of health-education intervention on hypertension related knowledge, motivation and preventive practices among traders in Lagos State. Quasi-experimental design was employed with seventy participants forming experimental and control group each in major markets of Alimosho and Ajeromi-Ifelodun local government areas of Lagos State, Nigeria. Multistage sampling technique was used. Interviewer administered questionnaire was developed. Weight (kg) and height (m) were measured by bathroom weighing scale and sphygmomanometer respectively. Participants’ body mass index (kg/m2) was calculated. Data were collected at baseline, immediate post intervention and sixth week of follow-up; analyzed by SPSS version 21.0 with level of significance placed at p< 0.05. Frequency, percentage, means and standard deviation were used to describe findings while independent t-test was used for inferential statistics. Treatment effect were judged on t-distribution and Cohen’s d effect size. Participants’ mean age in experimental and control groups was 44.91±8.82 years and 44.37±8.80 years respectively. More than a quarter (40.0%) in experimental group and 34.3% in control group had tertiary education. Overweight is 22.9% and 20.0%, while obesity is 41.4% and 57.1% in experimental and control groups respectively. Knowledge, motivation and preventive practices significantly increased after intervention among experimental group more than control group (p< 0.05). Information-Motivation Behavioral (IMB) model promotes hypertension knowledge, motivation and preventive practices.


Keywords: Health education, Knowledge, Motivation, pre-hypertension, preventive practices, traders

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