Evaluation of The Effects of Urban Population Growth On Student’s Personal Hygiene and Environmental Pollution of Secondary Schools in Anambra State (Published)
Sequel to the need to tackle the negative effects of urban population growth in schools, this study evaluated the effects of urban population growth on student’s personal hygiene and environmental pollution in selected public secondary schools in the three main urban centres of Anambra State, Nigeria. With the following objectives: to identify the effects of urban population growth on student’s personal hygiene and environmental pollution in the selected schools, determine the level of significance of these effects on the student’s personal hygiene and environmental pollution in the selected schools and recommend ways of reducing these negative effects. The study adopted descriptive survey research design. Four hundred (400) copies of the questionnaire were administered using the stratified random sampling technique and three hundred and eighty-one (381) were returned. Fifty (50) secondary schools were selected purposively from the total number of one hundred and fifty-four (154) public secondary schools within the three zones, while the snowball sampling technique was utilized in sampling the teachers who have stayed above five (5) years in their school of assignment. The effects of urban population growth on student’s personal hygiene and environmental pollution was confirmed to include that inadequate toilet facilities, overcrowding in dormitories/classrooms, uncontrolled generation of wastes, environmental pollution through open defecations, high tendency of water contamination through dirty water taps, noise pollution by students in overcrowded classrooms, air pollution and high tendency of airborne diseases as students often urinate openly rather than using designated urinals. The test of hypothesis showed that there is significant effect of population growth on students’ personal hygiene and environmental pollution. The study therefore recommends that: policy makers should formulate a policy to control student’s enrolment in line with the capacity of each school and ensure full implementation, increase in the provision of teaching aids in schools, students should be rewarded for good personal hygiene and cleanliness to encourage others.
Citation: Nwike, I. S.,Onuoha, D. C. & Nwike, E. C.(2022) Evaluation of The Effects of Urban Population Growth On Student’s Personal Hygiene and Environmental Pollution of Secondary Schools in Anambra State, International Journal of Environment and Pollution Research, Vol.10, No.4 pp.22-32
United Nations Development Program – Niger Delta Human Development Report (2006) assert that ‘’the environment is very important for the Niger Delta people where 60% of the population depends on the Natural environment living and non-living for livelihood’ In sum, the environment is the independent web of sources of livelihoods for rural women in the Niger Delta. However, the continuous viability and sustainability of the environment to render this eco-services and remain primarily the source of water supply, energy, food/protein supply, material for housing and pharmaceutical supply in this part of the unequal world remain a dilemma, following the continuous environmental pollution of the region due to various activities of man in his quest to explore the earth for crude oil and gas reserve for wealth accumulation. This has led to high negative impact on the inhabitants of the Niger delta region particularly rural women. This study therefore was carried out to investigate the attendant effect of environmental pollution on rural women in the Niger delta. Survey design was used for the study focusing on rural women. Secondary and primary data were obtained and used forthe study. Non parametric analytic tool and descriptive statistics were employed to analyse the data. The results of the analyzed data show a strong negative relationship between environmental pollution and rural women. The study therefore concludes that environmental pollution affect Niger delta rural women negatively leading to their lack of access to sources of water supply, shortage in fish/fisheries, fuelwood and farm produce as well as reproductive health imbalance. The study recommends that the management of oil companies in the Niger delta should put in place measures that will make their operations environmentally friendly to guard against further environmental pollution, make provision for sustainable source of water supply for their host communities, carry out empowerment scheme to enable the rural women have alternative source of income since they can no longer depend on the mangrove ecosystem and farmland which hitherto was their major means of livelihood and also built and equip cottage hospitals in the host communities to carter for those already affected and potential victims of reproductive health challenge.
Citation: Michael E Kornom-Gbaraba, Vidi John Nabie, Ruth Lass AdamuTonga, Ephraim, (2022) Effect of Environmental Pollution on Rural Women in the Niger Delta, International Journal of Environment and Pollution Research, Vol.10, No.1 pp.1-19
Owing to the on-going exhaustion of the natural environment and its consequences on the society, the present environmental state of Bangladesh, a populated country with inadequate resources, has become enormously alarming. The human health, ecosystems and economic growth are threatened by severe environmental pollutions and encroachments. Bangladesh is facing several natural catastrophes such as floods, cyclones, and tidal-bores every year because of the environmental externalities which cause severe socio-economic and ecological damage. Thus, this study aims to highlight various ecological difficulties that Bangladesh is currently facing and that pose obstacles to implementing environmental CSR for sustainable development. The review of the literature reveals that several environmental pollutions, climate change and the loss of biodiversity are continuously degrading the natural environment of Bangladesh and its resources. Consequently, these detrimental impacts are threatening the socio-economic growth of Bangladesh and its environment. Hence corporate social responsibility (particularly environmental) can play a significant role to control the current environmental degradation of Bangladesh. The government should, at the same time, undertake several initiatives to protect environmental degradation, foster the environmental CSR activities within all the business sectors and increase environmental awareness which is mandatory to attain sustainable development.
Effectiveness of Environmental Pollution Control Measures Implemented in Stone Crushing Sites Located at Kaduwela Municipality, Sri Lanka (Published)
Stone Crushing industry plays a major role in supplying construction materials in Sri Lanka. Although it gives a better financial and social development to the nation, the caused environmental pollution significantly influences the future sustainability of the industry. Therefore, this study was aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of pollution control measures that are already implemented in Welehandiya area in Kaduwela Divisional Secretariat in Colombo District by the Central Environmental Authority (CEA). Since the noise pollution and the dust emission were identified as the major impact categories, the equivalent continuous sound pressure level and concentration of Suspended Particulate Matter (SPM) in ambient air were measured in the study area. As the measurements were done after the successful implementation of recommended pollution control measures, results revealed a substantial reduction of noise level and very slight reduction of SPM levels recorded. Finally, the recommended noise pollution control measures can be introduced to similar industries while dust emission control measures need to be improved innovatively. Further intensive studies are required to analyse the effectiveness and generalize the results in future.