Gamification – Influence on Elementary Pupils’ Learning Outcomes and Engagement in English Language (Published)
This research examined the influence of gamification on the learning outcomes and engagement of English Language Pupils in Bonny Local Government Area of Rivers State, Nigeria. It adopted the two (2) group pre-test post-test quasi-experimental research design. The sample comprised forty-four (44) primary three pupils. Twenty (20) for the experimental group and twenty-four (24) for the control group. Two (2) sets of instruments were employed to gather data from the sample namely: English Language Achievement Test (ELAT), and Gamification Questionnaire (GQ) which had two (2) sections: Demographic data of pupils, and games engagement. Three objectives, three research questions, and two hypotheses were used for the study. Mean and standard deviation were employed to answer the research questions. Hypothesis one was tested using analysis of covariance (ANCOVA), while hypothesis two was tested using independent sample t-test. Kuder-Richardson (KR20) was employed to test the ELAT and a reliability coefficient of .857 was obtained. Cronbach Alpha was used for the GQ with a reliability coefficient of.689. The findings revealed that learners taught with games had a higher mean score than those taught without games but the difference was not statistically significant; and their engagement level was high. Recommendation was therefore made that gamification be used in classrooms because it has a positive influence on learners’ learning outcomes.