International Journal of English Language Teaching (IJELT)

EA Journals

English Language

The Difference in the Speaking Proficiency in English between the Students of the English Medium Schools in Mohammadpur Area (New Dhaka) and in Postogola-Sutrapur Area (Old Dhaka): A study (Published)

We expect that the students of English medium schools are good and fluent in English than the students of Bengali medium schools in Bangladesh, and usually we find them as per our expectation. But in some cases we do not find it true. The students of the English medium schools of Mohammadpur area in Dhaka are fluent enough in English but the students of the English medium schools in Postogola-Sutrapur area of Old Dhaka are not. In this study, I have explored the fact that there is a big difference in the speaking proficiency in English between the students of the two areas. Not only this, the research work has found out that the socio-economic factors of the two areas are mainly responsible for this condition. We see in the study that the educational and the social-cultural and economic backgrounds of the parents and teachers of the two areas are different. We also see how these factors affect achieving the speaking proficiency in English. The study suggested the measures to improve the speaking proficiency of the students of Postogola-Sutrapur area staying in the existing socio-cultural and economical frame, as it is not possible to change the social and economic scenario of the area within a short time.   

Keywords: English Language, English medium schools, Socio-Economic Factors, learning a foreign language, speaking in English

An Evaluation of the Implementation of the English Language Curriculum in Nigeria under the Nine-Year Universal Basic Education Curriculum (Published)

The major goal of the Universal Basic Education (UBE) curriculum is to realign all Primary and Junior Secondary School curriculum to meet the key target of the UBE programme.  Proficiency in the use of English language is the key to achieving this goal. However, it has been observed that many individuals, after spending a good number of years in primary and secondary school, still have problem in their use of English; especially the spoken form. Consequently, this study set out to find the reason for such incompetence among students. Four (4) research questions and four (4) hypotheses aided this study. A sample of eighty (80) pupils and eighty (80) students from primary and Junior Secondary Schools and forty (40) teachers from six (6) public schools (one from each of the six (6) states) in the South-South geo-political zones in Nigeria were used. Two questionnaires called Teachers’ Questionnaire and Students’ Competence Questionnaire were used to obtain data for the study. Validity and reliability of the instruments were carried out and data was analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 25. Descriptive Statistics and Pearson Product Moment Correlation was used to answer the research questions, while regression analysis was used to test the hypotheses. The findings indicate that the curriculum is well planned with the four language skills in consideration, however there is inadequate funds and infrastructures in schools. The study recommended that there should be availability of funds, infrastructures and instructional materials to aid effective teaching and learning of English language. Also, learners should consider and employ the appropriate teaching methods and endeavor to incorporate the four language skills in their teaching content in the classroom.

Keywords: Curriculum, English Language, Universal Basic Education

Gamification – Influence on Elementary Pupils’ Learning Outcomes and Engagement in English Language (Published)

This research examined the influence of gamification on the learning outcomes and engagement of English Language Pupils in Bonny Local Government Area of Rivers State, Nigeria. It adopted the two (2) group pre-test post-test quasi-experimental research design. The sample comprised forty-four (44) primary three pupils. Twenty (20) for the experimental group and twenty-four (24) for the control group. Two (2) sets of instruments were employed to gather data from the sample namely: English Language Achievement Test (ELAT), and Gamification Questionnaire (GQ) which had two (2) sections: Demographic data of pupils, and games engagement. Three objectives, three research questions, and two hypotheses were used for the study. Mean and standard deviation were employed to answer the research questions. Hypothesis one was tested using analysis of covariance (ANCOVA), while hypothesis two was tested using independent sample t-test. Kuder-Richardson (KR20) was employed to test the ELAT and a reliability coefficient of .857 was obtained. Cronbach Alpha was used for the GQ with a reliability coefficient of.689. The findings revealed that learners taught with games had a higher mean score than those taught without games but the difference was not statistically significant; and their engagement level was high. Recommendation was therefore made that gamification be used in classrooms because it has a positive influence on learners’ learning outcomes.

Keywords: English Language, Gamification, Learning Outcome, engagement

Contrastive Study of the Phonological Systems of the English Language and the Izzi Dialect of the Igbo Language (Published)

This exploration is a contrastive assessment of the sound systems of the English language and the Izzi dialect of the Igbo language. It highlights areas of similarities and differences of the two tongues in order to predict the difficulties that Izzi speakers of the English language would experience in the study of the English Language as a second language.   This inquiry therefore, concentrates on the similarities and differences found at the segmental level of both languages. The Primary, Secondary and the cannons of Contrastive Analysis are employed in the course of this investigation, and this survey reveals that some sounds in the English Language such as /ʌ/ɜ:/and /∂/ are absent in the sound system of Izzi dialect, and recommends that Izzi speakers of the English Language should make keen efforts to master the correct pronunciation of the English sounds in order to make themselves intelligible to other users of the English Language.

Keywords: Contrastive Analysis, English Language, Izzi Dialect, Segmental Sounds

The Challenges Facing the Students of the Higher Basic Stage in Jordanian Public Schools in Writing English (Published)

The study aims to identify the challenges facing the tenth grade students in Jordanian public schools in writing the English language. To achieve the objectives of the study, the researcher followed the analytical descriptive approach in terms of applying the study tool and data collection and analysis, While the sample of the study consisted of (50) teachers of English language. The study found that there are a number of challenges facing students in writing the English language was the most prominent Letters followed by a vowel, the researcher recommended The need for many of the studies on different regions of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan to find out the real reasons for poor students in learning English writing.

Keywords: Challenges, English Language, writing

Quality of Teaching English and Factors Influencing Chinese Students to Prefer English as Their Major in University Education: An Example of School of Foreign Languages at Northeast Normal University; China (Published)

The purpose of this study is to understand the quality of teaching at school of foreign languages, Quality of teaching in terms of (Teachers’ Classroom Preparation, Subject Knowledge, Teaching Methodology, Assessment, Time Taken for Assessment, Course Contents, Classroom Environment, Consultation Hours, Learning Material used, Pace of Course, Course Requirements and Outcomes, and Students’ Respect). And to identify the factors that influence the Chinese students to prefer English as their major at undergraduate and graduate level of their study programs at university; rather than choosing other languages; such as Korean, German; French, Russian or other; as their major. The scope of this study is limited to the school of foreign languages; Northeast Normal University; where students come from different parts of China; most specifically from Southern, Central and Southeastern parts of China. Research Design: Mixed method research design is adopted in this study; in which “four point likert scale questionnaire” and “structured interview” are used to collect data. Quality of teaching is measured through questionnaire; which measures the “Teacher’s Performance” on the basis of twelve factors: Teachers’ Classroom Preparation, Subject Knowledge, Teaching Methodology, Assessment, Time Taken for Assessment, Course Contents, Classroom Environment, Consultation Hours, Learning Materials (Lesson Plans, Course Notes etcetera), Pace of Course, Course Requirements and Outcomes, and Students’ Respect. While structured interviews were conducted to identify the factors that influence Chinese students to prefer English as their major. Findings: Out of these twelve evaluation bases for teaching quality; almost every base has different rankings but the; Pace of Course; is ranked good and pedagogy and classroom environment; ranked poorly.  Study also shows that there are three main factors which influence Chinese students to choose English as their major in university education, First and most common factors are the psychological factors; such as ‘getting new experience and wish to see other countries, preferably western countries. Second are the social factors; such as high school teachers and friends and family influence specially the suggestion of parents make Chinese students decide to learn and choose English as their major in university and prefer English over other languages. Third are the economic factors; that Chinese students perceive that after getting 4 years undergraduate and graduate degrees in English as major language will increase the job opportunities for them locally in China as well as in other countries

Keywords: Chinese students, English Language, Influencing Factors, Quality of Teaching

The Challenges Faced By Instructors and Learners While Adopting Task-Based Instruction in the Learning of the English Language (Published)

This paper explores the existing challenges that hamper instructors’ and learners’ efforts while adopting task-based instruction in their contexts of learning the English language. Teaching and learning English as a second language continues to draw attention regarding the appropriate approach that instructors should adopt particularly in the case of Sudan where Arabic is the first language. A mixed method was embraced to answer research objectives of this study. In the study, questionnaires and interviews were administered to the research subjects who were recruited from the University of Khartoum using convenience sampling technique. Data from the study was analyzed using the SPSS software where descriptive and inferential statistics to test research objectives of the study. Results of the study indicated a correlation between the need to adopt the task-based instruction with 18% of the students interviewed attributing that task-based instruction approach failed to foster students’ speaking skills.

Keywords: English Language, Language Fluency, Second Language Acquisition, Task-Based Instruction Approach

Wrong Usage as Threat to English Language in Nigeria (Published)

: English is a second language in Nigeria because it is non-indigenous, it was introduced by British Colonialists and Missionaries into the country. The roles and functions English language has assumed since its introduction into the country are outlined. Since Nigeria functions in virtually all spheres of life in English language, a variety known, internationally acceptable and intelligible exists as the Standard Nigerian English. What is really of concern is the increasing deviations noticeable in the speech and writings of Nigerians from the grammar of English. The error laden English spoken by many people in the country may well be replacing the Standard Nigerian English if the situation is not checked. The root causes of the problem are pointed out recommendations are made towards curbing the negative trend.

Keywords: English Language, Errors, Grammar, Mother tongue, Second Language, Standard Nigerian English, varieties of English

Developing The English Teacher’s Expertise to Implement the New Nigerian National Curriculum (Published)

This paper is written to assist the English Language teacher trainers in Nigeria universities and the Secondary school English teachers to come to term with the reality on ground with reference to the New Senior Secondary School English Language Curriculum. It is a position paper resulting from the experience of the writer as a resource person in the nation – wide curriculum sensitization workshop of the Nigerian Educational Research and Development Council (NERDC), the makers of the Curriculum. For five years (2011-2015) the writer handled the “Humanities” aspect of the teachers’ workshop in the Western Zone of the nation (Lagos, Oyo, Ondo, Ogun, Ekiti and Oshun). While this is not another workshop paper, nor a summary of the three years’ workshop, it certainly contains the major highlights of the new curriculum presented from the point of view of a researcher with clear emphasis on what the roles of the English teacher should be as against what it used to be.

Keywords: Curriculum Teachers, Development, English Language, professionalism

Domestication of the English Language in Nigeria: An Examination of Morpho-Syntactic Trends in Nigerian English (Nge) (Published)

This paper examines certain developmental patterns Nigerian English (NgE) demonstrates in recent times, particularly at the linguistic levels  of morphology and syntax. While studying these current trends, a sociolinguistic approach, as enunciated and popularized by Labov (1966), is adopted. The first part of the work provides an overview of the place of NgE as one of the World Englishes, today, while the second part which is the core of the work is an examination of the nature of foray the typology has made on the construction and use of English by Nigerians of a broad social spectrum. The study reveals that the uniqueness of NgE is considerably realized in such linguistic features as conversion, acronym, composition, redundancy, coinage and reduplication. It is, as well, observed that some NgE forms exhibit the same morphological and syntactic patterns as those of Standard English (SE) while some exhibit significant variations.

Keywords: Domestication, English Language, Examination NgE, Nigeria

Scroll to Top

Don't miss any Call For Paper update from EA Journals

Fill up the form below and get notified everytime we call for new submissions for our journals.