International Journal of Education, Learning and Development (IJELD)

EA Journals

Non-formal education

Evaluation of Non-Formal Education Management in Pandeglang, Banten: Opportunities and Challenges (Published)

This study aims to analyze the conditions for implementing non-formal education in the Pandeglang area, Banten, as well as exploring future opportunities and challenges. In this study, the author will describe the results of the evaluation of non-formal education management, especially in the Pandeglang area, Banten. The author will explain opportunities that can be exploited in increasing the effectiveness of non-formal education programs, as well as identify challenges that need to be overcome. This study is a descriptive-qualitative study. Data was collected through literature study and direct observation of researchers. The data obtained will be analyzed using qualitative analysis methods that focus on the important points of the existing findings. The results of the study show that there are several problems and initial conditions that give rise to potential for development and challenges that must be resolved by all parties involved in the implementation of non-formal education in the Pandeglang area, Banten. There are 5 (five) main points analyzed regarding the practice of providing non-formal education, namely: general conditions of non-formal education, government policies, facilities and infrastructure, units involved, and education participants. This study also states that continuous evaluation and improvement of non-formal education programs is very important. Resource allocation and monitoring problems can be corrected through a quality management approach, which involves monitoring, performance measurement, and continuous improvement actions. Through the application of educational management principles, the Pandeglang regional government has the opportunity to improve the implementation of non-formal education.

Keywords: Non-formal education, education facility, educational evaluation, government policy


Education is a fundamental right of every person, a key to other human rights. Article 28 (1) of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC), 1989, declares that all children have a right to education. The right to education requires that young people be given the opportunity necessary for the acquisition of knowledge, skills, attitudes and values that will enable them lead happy and productive lives as individuals and discharge their social duties for the betterment of life in the society. The shortcomings in the provision of education via formal education, calls for non-formal education as a complementary approach to enable the adult and out-of-school youth who are unable to access education in the formal way to access education. This study set out to investigate the role of non-formal education (NFE) in enhancing nomadic pastoralists’ children’s access to education in Kirisia division, Samburu County. Two research questions were formulated to guide the study. Research Question One aimed at establishing the trend of enrollment of pupils in the NFE programmes while research question two sought to determine the extent to which NFE programmes have enabled pastoralists’ children join the formal education. The study applied a descriptive survey design. Data were collected by use of questionnaires and interview schedules. The findings revealed that, NFE had increased nomadic pastoralists’ children’s participation in education. The NFE programmes had also enabled the pupils join the formal education sector. The study recommended that the government, the NGOs and other support groups should step up their support for the NFE programmes by for example supporting the teachers who are key facilitators of the programmes

Keywords: Alternative education, Formal education, Nomadic pastoralists, Non-formal education, Out-of-school children, Reflect circle members

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