International Journal of Education, Learning and Development (IJELD)

EA Journals


Assessment of The Integration of ICT in Teaching and Learning in Tertiary Institutions in Imo State, Nigeria, in The Era of Insecurity (Published)

The study investigated the assessment of the integration of ICT in teaching and learning   in tertiary institutions in Imo state in the era of insecurity. Two   research objectives, two research questions and one research hypothesis guided the study. The population of the study consisted of all the 2,722 lecturers in the seven tertiary institutions in Imo State, Nigeria. Random sampling technique was used to select 100 lecturers each from four out of the seven tertiary institutions. The instrument for data collection was a self –developed 10-item questionnaire entitled: Questionnaire for integration of ICT (QIICT).  Test retest method was used to ensure the reliability of the instrument. A reliability coefficient of 0.8 was determined for the instrument using the Pearson’s Product Moment Correlation. Mean was used to answer the research questions while ANOVA was used to test the hypothesis.  The study found out that the extent of integration of ICT facilities for teaching and learning by lecturers in tertiary institutions in Imo State is still low even in this era of insecurity where it is necessary for lecturers interact with the students while they are at home. It also found out that the extent of application of ICT facilities did differ significantly among the institutions and that factors such as epileptic power supply and lack of ICT facilities are among the factors that   militate against the application of ICT facilities by lecturers.

Keywords: ICT, Insecurity, Integration, Teaching and Learning

Cultism-associated insecurity and the academic achievement of the Nigerian student Cross River State experience (Published)

This study investigated the relationship between cultism-associated insecurity and the academic achievement of the Nigerian students. The study employed the expost-facto research design. Two research hypotheses were formulated to give direction to the study. A total of 748 students sampled from a population of 37,416 senior secondary three (SSIII) students were selected for this study. Cultism-Associated Insecurity and the Learning of the Nigerian Students Questionnaire (CAILNSQ) were administered on the selected respondents for the purpose of data gathering. The instrument has a reliability coefficient of 0.81. The two hypotheses were tested with the regression and ANOVA statistical techniques at 0.05 significance level. At the end of data analysis it was revealed that there is significant relationship between cultism-induced emotion and academic achievement of the Nigerian secondary school students, and also, cultism-associated insecurity significantly predict the academic achievement of students.Based on the revelations made in this study, it was recommended among others that novelty or carnival days should be introduced and observed occasionally as days of relaxation, fun and enjoyment. Those days will among other things create a placebo effect and diffuse academic tension, bringing staff and students under a common denominator of merry-making to reduce fear of the unknown.

Keywords: Academic Achievement, Insecurity, cultism; emotion, student learning

Socio-Economic Security and Democratic Participation in Nigeria (Published)

Democracy has been an acceptable platform of interaction in the committee of nations. It is also the most widely acceptable system of governance. Essentially, the birth of democracy in Nigeria has endured for over a decade, but the democratization process in Nigeria suffers from several security issues, given that the citizens have been exposed to high levels of insurgency, poverty and unemployment. Social and economic insecurity has being a major setback to democratic governance in Nigeria and this has impaired the participation of the citizens in democratic governance, thereby leaving governance for a privilege few. This paper examines the linkage between social and economic insecurity and the participation of Nigeria citizens in democratic governance. The researchers adopted a public opinion questionnaire based on experts’ judgment; and using the Cronbach alpha formulae; internal consistency reliability coefficient of 0.87 was obtained. The data collected was analyzed using the one sample t-test, with hypotheses tested at 0.05 level of significance. Findings indicate that social and economic insecurity negatively impact on democratic participation; given that the fear of violent attack, poverty, absence of the dividend and unequal distribution wealth reduce democratic participation. Recommendations are made that politicians should be obliged by law to fulfill the promises made during campaigns or before elected into offices. Government should create an enabling environment to address issues of poverty, unemployment, corruption among governing class and insurgency, so that security for life and property will be assured.

Keywords: Insecurity, Poverty, Security, Socio-Economic, democratic participation

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