International Journal of Energy and Environmental Research (IJEER)

EA Journals


Production of Biofuel by Catalytic and Non-Catalyst Pyrolysis of Plantain Stalk (Published)

The depletion of global fossil fuel reserves and environmental concerns associated with its production are driving the shift towards biomass as a renewable energy source, which can be converted into biofuels and biogas for diverse energy applications. Hence, we conducted pyrolysis experiments on plantain stalk samples to examine the impact of pyrolysis temperature and heating rate on product yields and their chemical compositions. Optimal conditions for maximum bio-oil yield (22%) were identified at a torrefaction pre-treatment temperature of 300℃. The highest biochar yield (16.88%) was achieved at 300℃, while the highest biogas yield (61.85%) was observed at 150℃. Detailed elemental, proximate, and ultimate analyses of the bio-oil were performed, and its chemical composition was analyzed using Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS). The chromatographic and spectroscopic studies confirmed that bio-oil derived from plantain stalk is a promising renewable fuel and chemical feedstock, indicating its potential in sustainable energy applications.


Keywords: Biomass, Renewable Energy, bio-oil, bio-oil characterization, feedstock, plantain stalk, pyrolysis

Bioethanol Production from Municipal Solid Waste: Technical Overview, Progress and Challenges (Published)

Due to the rapid growth in population and industrialization coupled with the adverse side effects from usage of fossil fuels, there is a high demand for renewable fuel especially ethanol which is environmentally friendly and can be used as substitute for premium motor spirit. Conventional crops such as corn and sugarcane are unable to meet the global demand of bioethanol production due to their primary value of food and feed. Therefore sugar, starch and lignocellulosic materials from municipal solid waste stream are attractive feedstocks for bioethanol production. Agricultural wastes from municipal solid waste stream are cost effective, sustainable, addresses environmental pollution and create wealth and energy. Bioethanol production from wastes could be promising, however, the processes has several challenges and limitations such as feedstock sourcing and finance. This paper gives an overview, the technicality, challenges and the progress for bioethanol production from municipal solid waste.

Citation: Biose Osadebe, Maureen Imhontu, Oghosa Akenzua, Christopher Okorie, James Onabe, Bildad Atsegha, Jonah D. Angalapu, Bawo Kubeyinje, Rita Orerome, Wale Akingba,2Igbinoimwahia D. Iyeke (2021) Bioethanol Production from Municipal Solid Waste: Technical Overview, Progress and Challenges, International Journal of Energy and Environmental Research, Vol.9, No.3, pp., 1-9

Keywords: Energy, Environment, bioethanol, feedstock, municipal solid waste

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