International Journal of Developing and Emerging Economies (IJDEE)

EA Journals

International Trade

African Trading Blocs and Economic Growth: A Critical Review of the Literature (Published)

There is general consensus among scholars, policy makers, and political leaders that the best way for African countries to develop is through regional trade. Regional integration and trading blocs have been suggested as ways that African nations can use to achieve sustained development and increase their participation in the global economy. Therefore, there is a need to evaluate the interrelationship between African trading blocs and economic growth of the African continent. This paper analyzes this link using theoretical and empirical literature reviews. The key findings are that intra-Africa trade is still low, despite the existence of numerous trading blocs, and that few of these contribute to regional trade creation. Poverty rates are still high and GDP does not seem to be positively influenced by the trading blocs. Many social, economic, and political challenges also weaken African trading blocs and their ability to promote integration and trade. Addressing these hindrances would strengthen the continent’s trading blocs and enhance their positive impact on intra-African trade and economic growth.

Keywords: African Trading Blocs, International Trade, Regional Integration, economic growth


International trade has contributed greatly to the global economic system. Emerging market economies (EME) was a result of international trade activities. The international trade programme has encouraged many countries in the world to adopt international economic policies that promote greater trade and investment. BRICs acronym implies Brazil, Russia, India and China represent the leaders of these emerging market economies. International trade activities underpin the growth and development of these countries. This study brings round the facts and figures on the activities of international trade and how its fostered growth and development of the emerging market economies. Many theories of international trade were used to underpin these activities of the trade. These include Heckscher-Ohlin model, Rechardian model and Gravity model of international trade. The researchers’ presents some criticisms accompany by these beautiful roles play by international trade to emerging market economies and useful recommendations were provided for these economies.

Keywords: Dumping, Emerging market economies, Global economic system and theories, International Trade, Investment

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