The Implementation of the Rural Agribusiness Effort Program (Raep) Towards Rice Farming Income in South Sulawesi Province, Indonesia (Published)
The research aimed to assess the impact of the Farmers Group Joint (FGJ) in implementing the RAEP and analyzed the activities of agribusiness and development programs in Maros Regency, South Sulawesi Province, Indonesia. The object to be measured was the impact of the development of rural agribusiness of rice farming by farmers. The research used a survey method with interview technique. The samples were selected through a simple random sampling technique by taking as many as 10%, so that the respondents consisted of 52 farmers. The data used were primary and secondary data. The research results revealed that the implementation of the RAEP on the performance of the FGJ was quite effective. The performance aspects of the FGJ members included the level of interest and the level of strength. The parts of these levels were categorized effective. The implementation of the program showed a value of -15.778 with a significance of 0.000 < 0.05, H1 was accepted, so that there was a difference in the level of farmers before and after the implementation of the RAEP. The average of the farmers’ income before the program was IDR 15,553,192.31, while after the program the average of income was IDR 18,791,826.92. Thus, the average of difference value was IDR 3,238,634.61 or 20.82%. And, the income from the total cost showed that part of the farmer’s income was the value of -14.126 with a significance of 0.000 < 0.05, H1 was accepted, so that there was a difference in the level of income in the RAEP. The average of income before obtaining a program fund was IDR 11,763,124.81 per harvest, while after the program the average was IDR 14,681,875.00 per harvest. Thus, the average of difference was IDR 2,918,750.19 or 24.81%.
THE ROLE OF FARMERS SOCIAL NETWORKS AND RURAL RADIO IN CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION IN OWERRI WEST AREA OF IMO STATE, NIGERIA (Review Completed - Accepted)
The study was aimed at analyzing and ascertaining the role of farmers social networks and rural radio in climate change adaptation in Owerri West Area of Imo-State. The specific objectives were to (a) describe the socio-economic characteristics of the respondent farmers in the study area, (b) ascertain farmers awareness of climate change, (c) describe the effects of climate change on agricultural activities of the respondents, (d) identify the various social networks in the study area and (e) identify roles of various social networks and radio in farmers adaptation to climate change. A simple random sampling method was used to select one hundred and twenty (120) farmers for the study. Frequency distribution percentages and mean were used in the analysis of data collected. Results of the study showed that majority of the respondents (76.7%) were males with a mean age of 53years. Results indicate that all the respondents were very much aware of climate change. Farmers also ascertain high rainfall, flooding, decrease in crop yield, erosion, storage losses and hot temperature (hot heat) as their observation due to effects of climate change. Social networks include cooperatives, age grades, town unions and religious groups etc. Some recommendations include: (a) Education of farmers about climate change and their modern adaptation measures which could be achieved by organizing seminars, conferences and programmes on climate change regular for them. (b) Government should link and collaborate with the farmers organization (social networks), research institutions and meteorological centres that will help in order to access information, design appropriate and affordable adaptation measures to climate change.